Abstract

A silver-dielectric-silver structure that supports both waveguide modes and surface plasmon polaritons is explored. The upper interface between the dielectric and the silver is periodically corrugated to allow coupling of visible photons to both types of mode. Such a metallic microcavity leads to plasmonic and waveguide self-interacting bandgaps at Brillouin zone boundaries. In addition there are found other bandgaps from mode crossings within the Brillouin zone. This results specifically in a very flat photonic band due to anticrossings between a surface plasmon polariton and waveguide modes. Characterization of the observed modes in terms of their resonant electromagnetic fields is achieved by using a multilayer, multishape differential grating theory.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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