Abstract

In this series of experiments we study the transmission of laser light through a randomly rough interface between air and ground-glass diffusers. We verify the refractive index suppression predicted by Dogariu and Boreman [Opt. Lett. 21, 701 (1996)] . We also observe and quantify transmission beyond the critical angle for total internal reflection defined by Snell’s law. In particular, these results may be applied to the ANITA experiment, which detects astrophysical neutrino interactions via radio waves produced under the ice. These radio waves must pass through the rough surfaces of the Antarctic ice sheets and shelves.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  9. B. Baumeier, T. A. Leskova, and A. A. Maradudin, "Transmission of light through a thin metal film with periodically and randomly corrugated surfaces," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 191-207 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. B. Daub, E. Everson, M. Griswold, M. Harrison, A. Connolly, and D. Saltzberg, "Optical modeling of the effect of surface roughness on detection of signals from within the ice with ANITA," http://www.phys.hawaii.edu:8080/anitalowbarnotes/77.

2006

B. Baumeier, T. A. Leskova, and A. A. Maradudin, "Transmission of light through a thin metal film with periodically and randomly corrugated surfaces," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 191-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998

K. Tang and R. O. Buckius, "The geometric optics approximation for reflection from two-dimensional random rough surfaces," Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 41, 2037-2047 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

R. E. Luna, E. R. Mendez, J. Q. Lu, and Z.-H. Gu, "Enhanced backscattering due to total internal reflection at a dielectric-air interface," J. Mod. Opt. 42, 257-269 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

1991

1990

1987

1966

Barwick, S. W.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baumeier, B.

B. Baumeier, T. A. Leskova, and A. A. Maradudin, "Transmission of light through a thin metal film with periodically and randomly corrugated surfaces," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 191-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Beatty, J. J.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Besson, D. Z.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Binns, W. R.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birkebak, R. C.

Boreman, G. D.

Buckius, R. O.

K. Tang and R. O. Buckius, "The geometric optics approximation for reflection from two-dimensional random rough surfaces," Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 41, 2037-2047 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cai, B.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Clem, J. M.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Connolly, A.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Daub, E. Everson, M. Griswold, M. Harrison, A. Connolly, and D. Saltzberg, "Optical modeling of the effect of surface roughness on detection of signals from within the ice with ANITA," http://www.phys.hawaii.edu:8080/anitalowbarnotes/77.

Cowen, D. F.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dainty, J. C.

Daub, B.

B. Daub, E. Everson, M. Griswold, M. Harrison, A. Connolly, and D. Saltzberg, "Optical modeling of the effect of surface roughness on detection of signals from within the ice with ANITA," http://www.phys.hawaii.edu:8080/anitalowbarnotes/77.

Dogariu, A.

Dowkontt, P. F.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DuVernois, M. A.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Evenson, P. A.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Everson, E.

B. Daub, E. Everson, M. Griswold, M. Harrison, A. Connolly, and D. Saltzberg, "Optical modeling of the effect of surface roughness on detection of signals from within the ice with ANITA," http://www.phys.hawaii.edu:8080/anitalowbarnotes/77.

Friberg, A. T.

Goldstein, D.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorham, P. W.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Griswold, M.

B. Daub, E. Everson, M. Griswold, M. Harrison, A. Connolly, and D. Saltzberg, "Optical modeling of the effect of surface roughness on detection of signals from within the ice with ANITA," http://www.phys.hawaii.edu:8080/anitalowbarnotes/77.

Gu, Z.-H.

R. E. Luna, E. R. Mendez, J. Q. Lu, and Z.-H. Gu, "Enhanced backscattering due to total internal reflection at a dielectric-air interface," J. Mod. Opt. 42, 257-269 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, M.

B. Daub, E. Everson, M. Griswold, M. Harrison, A. Connolly, and D. Saltzberg, "Optical modeling of the effect of surface roughness on detection of signals from within the ice with ANITA," http://www.phys.hawaii.edu:8080/anitalowbarnotes/77.

Hebert, C. L.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Israel, M. H.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, M.-J.

Learned, J. G.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leskova, T. A.

B. Baumeier, T. A. Leskova, and A. A. Maradudin, "Transmission of light through a thin metal film with periodically and randomly corrugated surfaces," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 191-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liewer, K. M.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Link, J. T.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, J. Q.

R. E. Luna, E. R. Mendez, J. Q. Lu, and Z.-H. Gu, "Enhanced backscattering due to total internal reflection at a dielectric-air interface," J. Mod. Opt. 42, 257-269 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Luna, R. E.

R. E. Luna, E. R. Mendez, J. Q. Lu, and Z.-H. Gu, "Enhanced backscattering due to total internal reflection at a dielectric-air interface," J. Mod. Opt. 42, 257-269 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Maradudin, A. A.

B. Baumeier, T. A. Leskova, and A. A. Maradudin, "Transmission of light through a thin metal film with periodically and randomly corrugated surfaces," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 191-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Matsuno, S.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mendez, E. R.

R. E. Luna, E. R. Mendez, J. Q. Lu, and Z.-H. Gu, "Enhanced backscattering due to total internal reflection at a dielectric-air interface," J. Mod. Opt. 42, 257-269 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. A. O'Donnell and E. R. Mendez, "Experimental study of scattering from characterized random surfaces," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1194-1205 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Miocinovic, P.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nam, J.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Naudet, C. J.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nichol, R.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nieto-Vesperinas, M.

O'Donnell, K. A.

Palladino, K.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rosen, M.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Saltzberg, D.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Daub, E. Everson, M. Griswold, M. Harrison, A. Connolly, and D. Saltzberg, "Optical modeling of the effect of surface roughness on detection of signals from within the ice with ANITA," http://www.phys.hawaii.edu:8080/anitalowbarnotes/77.

Sanchez-Gil, J. A.

Sant, A. J.

Seckel, D.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Silvestri, A.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sparrow, E. M.

Stokes, B. T.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tang, K.

K. Tang and R. O. Buckius, "The geometric optics approximation for reflection from two-dimensional random rough surfaces," Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 41, 2037-2047 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Torrance, K. E.

Varner, G. S.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wu, F.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer

K. Tang and R. O. Buckius, "The geometric optics approximation for reflection from two-dimensional random rough surfaces," Int. J. Heat Mass Transfer 41, 2037-2047 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt.

R. E. Luna, E. R. Mendez, J. Q. Lu, and Z.-H. Gu, "Enhanced backscattering due to total internal reflection at a dielectric-air interface," J. Mod. Opt. 42, 257-269 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt.

B. Baumeier, T. A. Leskova, and A. A. Maradudin, "Transmission of light through a thin metal film with periodically and randomly corrugated surfaces," J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 8, 191-207 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. W. Barwick, J. J. Beatty, D. Z. Besson, W. R. Binns, B. Cai, J. M. Clem, A. Connolly, D. F. Cowen, P. F. Dowkontt, M. A. DuVernois, P. A. Evenson, D. Goldstein, P. W. Gorham, C. L. Hebert, M. H. Israel, J. G. Learned, K. M. Liewer, J. T. Link, S. Matsuno, P. Miocinovic, J. Nam, C. J. Naudet, R. Nichol, K. Palladino, M. Rosen, D. Saltzberg, D. Seckel, A. Silvestri, B. T. Stokes, G. S. Varner, and F. Wu, "Constraits on cosmic neutrino fluxes from the ANITA experiment," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 171101 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

B. Daub, E. Everson, M. Griswold, M. Harrison, A. Connolly, and D. Saltzberg, "Optical modeling of the effect of surface roughness on detection of signals from within the ice with ANITA," http://www.phys.hawaii.edu:8080/anitalowbarnotes/77.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Surface of a 400 grit diffuser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Surface of a 1000 grit diffuser.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Surface of a 1500 grit diffuser.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Deviation of the mean transmitted angle from the specular angle plotted against incident angle for the three different grit sizes.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of transmitted power for 1500 grit, 1000 grit, and 400 grit diffusers at 0°, 40°, and 70° incidence.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Approximate Feature Sizes of Ground-Glass Diffusers

Tables Icon

Table 2 Transmitted Intensity through Flat Glass

Metrics