Abstract

Understanding speckle behavior is very important in speckle metrology application. The contrast of a polychromatic speckle depends not only on surface roughness and the coherence length of a light source, as shown in previous works, but also on optical geometry. We applied the Fresnel approach of diffraction theory for the free-space geometry and derived a simple analytical relationship between contrast, coherence length, size of illuminated spot, and distances between source, object, and observation plane. The effect of contrast reduction is found to be significant for low-coherence light sources.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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