Abstract

Strong resonant coupling of surface plasmon polaritons to radiation modes by means of a dielectric grating deposited on top of a metal slab is numerically analyzed, and some novel properties of this configuration are discussed. The dielectric grating is not only responsible for coupling of incident light to surface plasmon polaritons but also for outcoupling of the surface plasmon polaritons to radiation modes. A key advantage of the configuration presented is that it is not based on conventional attenuated total reflection using a prism with high refractive index.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, 'Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,' Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, and R. A. Linke, 'Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,' Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,' Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, 'Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Y. Xie, A. R. Zakharian, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, 'Transmission of light through slit apertures in metallic films,' Opt. Express 12, 6106-6121 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Y. Xie, A. R. Zakharian, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, 'Transmission of light through a periodic array of slits in a thick metallic film,' Opt. Express 13, 4485-4491 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D. Crouse and P. Keshavareddy, 'Role of optical and surface plasmon modes in enhanced transmission and applications,' Opt. Express 13, 7760-7771 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, J. L. Perchec, and T. López-Ríos, 'Efficient excitation of cavity resonances of subwavelength metallic gratings,' J. Appl. Phys. 97, 053507 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. H. Ye and J. Y. Zhang, 'Enhanced light transmission through cascaded metal films perforated with periodic hole arrays,' Opt. Lett. 13, 1521-1523 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Benabbas, V. Halte, and J. Y. Bigot, 'Analytical modal of the optical response of periodically structured metallic film,' Opt. Express 13, 8730-8745 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. K. Y. Choi, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, C. H. Oh, and P. S. Kim, 'Surface plasmon coupling in subwavelength periodic structures,' in Holography, Diffractive Optics, and Applications II, Y.Sheng, D.Hsu, C.Yu, and B.Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE 5636, 22-26 (2005).
  12. S. S. Akarca-Biyikli, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, 'Resonant excitation of surface plasmons in one-dimensional metallic grating structures at microwave frequencies,' J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S159-S164 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Surface plasmon polaritons and their roles in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. K. G. Lee and Q. H. Park, 'Coupling of surface plasmon polaritons and light in metallic nanoslits,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 103902 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. I. Avrutsky, Y. Zhao, and V. Kochergin, 'Surface assisted resonant tunneling of light through a periodically corrugated thin metal film,' Opt. Lett. 25, 595-597 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  16. N. Bonod, S. Enoch, L. Li, E. Popov, and M. Nevière, 'Resonant optical transmission through thin metallic films with and without holes,' Opt. Express 11, 482-490 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. B. Bai, L. Li, and L. Zeng, 'Experimental verification of enhanced transmission through two-dimensionally corrugated metallic films without holes,' Opt. Lett. 30, 2360-2362 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Park, G. Lee, S. H. Song, G. H. Oh, and P. S. Kim, 'Resonant coupling of surface plasmons to radiation modes by use of dielectric gratings,' Opt. Lett. 28, 1870-1873 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Y. Hung, I. I. Somlyyaminov, Q. Balzano, and C. C. Davis, 'Strong optical coupling effects through metal film with a surface dielectric grating,' in Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties 111, MarkI.Stockman, ed., Proc. SPIE 5927, 59271Y1-9 (2005).
  20. M. G. Moharam and T. K. Gaylord, 'Diffraction analysis of dielectric surface-relief gratings,' J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 1385-1392 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  21. T. Clausnitzer, T. Kampfe, E. B. Kley, and A. Tunnermann, 'An intelligible explanation of highly efficient diffraction in deep dielectric rectangular transmission gratings,' Opt. Express 13, 10448-10456 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, 'Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,' Sens. Actuators B 107, 154-161 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (10)

P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, J. L. Perchec, and T. López-Ríos, 'Efficient excitation of cavity resonances of subwavelength metallic gratings,' J. Appl. Phys. 97, 053507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Ye and J. Y. Zhang, 'Enhanced light transmission through cascaded metal films perforated with periodic hole arrays,' Opt. Lett. 13, 1521-1523 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Akarca-Biyikli, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, 'Resonant excitation of surface plasmons in one-dimensional metallic grating structures at microwave frequencies,' J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S159-S164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Lee and Q. H. Park, 'Coupling of surface plasmon polaritons and light in metallic nanoslits,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 103902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, 'Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,' Sens. Actuators B 107, 154-161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xie, A. R. Zakharian, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, 'Transmission of light through a periodic array of slits in a thick metallic film,' Opt. Express 13, 4485-4491 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Bai, L. Li, and L. Zeng, 'Experimental verification of enhanced transmission through two-dimensionally corrugated metallic films without holes,' Opt. Lett. 30, 2360-2362 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Crouse and P. Keshavareddy, 'Role of optical and surface plasmon modes in enhanced transmission and applications,' Opt. Express 13, 7760-7771 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Benabbas, V. Halte, and J. Y. Bigot, 'Analytical modal of the optical response of periodically structured metallic film,' Opt. Express 13, 8730-8745 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Clausnitzer, T. Kampfe, E. B. Kley, and A. Tunnermann, 'An intelligible explanation of highly efficient diffraction in deep dielectric rectangular transmission gratings,' Opt. Express 13, 10448-10456 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (3)

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, 'Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Surface plasmon polaritons and their roles in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Xie, A. R. Zakharian, J. V. Moloney, and M. Mansuripur, 'Transmission of light through slit apertures in metallic films,' Opt. Express 12, 6106-6121 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

2002 (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,' Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001 (1)

2000 (1)

1998 (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, 'Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,' Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

Akarca-Biyikli, S. S.

S. S. Akarca-Biyikli, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, 'Resonant excitation of surface plasmons in one-dimensional metallic grating structures at microwave frequencies,' J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S159-S164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Avrutsky, I.

Bai, B.

Balzano, Q.

Y. Hung, I. I. Somlyyaminov, Q. Balzano, and C. C. Davis, 'Strong optical coupling effects through metal film with a surface dielectric grating,' in Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties 111, MarkI.Stockman, ed., Proc. SPIE 5927, 59271Y1-9 (2005).

Barbara, A.

P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, J. L. Perchec, and T. López-Ríos, 'Efficient excitation of cavity resonances of subwavelength metallic gratings,' J. Appl. Phys. 97, 053507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Surface plasmon polaritons and their roles in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Benabbas, A.

Bigot, J. Y.

Bonod, N.

Brolo, A. G.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, 'Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bulu, I.

S. S. Akarca-Biyikli, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, 'Resonant excitation of surface plasmons in one-dimensional metallic grating structures at microwave frequencies,' J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S159-S164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, K. Y.

K. Y. Choi, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, C. H. Oh, and P. S. Kim, 'Surface plasmon coupling in subwavelength periodic structures,' in Holography, Diffractive Optics, and Applications II, Y.Sheng, D.Hsu, C.Yu, and B.Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE 5636, 22-26 (2005).

Clausnitzer, T.

Crouse, D.

Davis, C. C.

Y. Hung, I. I. Somlyyaminov, Q. Balzano, and C. C. Davis, 'Strong optical coupling effects through metal film with a surface dielectric grating,' in Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties 111, MarkI.Stockman, ed., Proc. SPIE 5927, 59271Y1-9 (2005).

Degiron, A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,' Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Devaux, E.

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Surface plasmon polaritons and their roles in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,' Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dintinger, J.

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Surface plasmon polaritons and their roles in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dostalek, J.

J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, 'Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,' Sens. Actuators B 107, 154-161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Surface plasmon polaritons and their roles in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,' Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, 'Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,' Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Enoch, S.

Garcia-Vidal, F. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,' Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gaylord, T. K.

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, 'Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,' Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, 'Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Halte, V.

Homola, J.

J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, 'Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,' Sens. Actuators B 107, 154-161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hung, Y.

Y. Hung, I. I. Somlyyaminov, Q. Balzano, and C. C. Davis, 'Strong optical coupling effects through metal film with a surface dielectric grating,' in Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties 111, MarkI.Stockman, ed., Proc. SPIE 5927, 59271Y1-9 (2005).

Kampfe, T.

Kavanagh, K. L.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, 'Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keshavareddy, P.

Kim, P. S.

S. Park, G. Lee, S. H. Song, G. H. Oh, and P. S. Kim, 'Resonant coupling of surface plasmons to radiation modes by use of dielectric gratings,' Opt. Lett. 28, 1870-1873 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Choi, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, C. H. Oh, and P. S. Kim, 'Surface plasmon coupling in subwavelength periodic structures,' in Holography, Diffractive Optics, and Applications II, Y.Sheng, D.Hsu, C.Yu, and B.Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE 5636, 22-26 (2005).

Kley, E. B.

Kochergin, V.

Leathem, B.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, 'Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, G.

Lee, K. G.

K. G. Lee and Q. H. Park, 'Coupling of surface plasmon polaritons and light in metallic nanoslits,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 103902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lezec, H. J.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,' Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, 'Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,' Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

Linke, R. A.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,' Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, and R. A. Linke, 'Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,' Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

López-Ríos, T.

P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, J. L. Perchec, and T. López-Ríos, 'Efficient excitation of cavity resonances of subwavelength metallic gratings,' J. Appl. Phys. 97, 053507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mansuripur, M.

Martin-Moreno, L.

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,' Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKinnon, A.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, 'Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miler, M.

J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, 'Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,' Sens. Actuators B 107, 154-161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moharam, M. G.

Moloney, J. V.

Murray, W. A.

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Surface plasmon polaritons and their roles in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nevière, M.

Oh, C. H.

K. Y. Choi, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, C. H. Oh, and P. S. Kim, 'Surface plasmon coupling in subwavelength periodic structures,' in Holography, Diffractive Optics, and Applications II, Y.Sheng, D.Hsu, C.Yu, and B.Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE 5636, 22-26 (2005).

Oh, G. H.

Ozbay, E.

S. S. Akarca-Biyikli, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, 'Resonant excitation of surface plasmons in one-dimensional metallic grating structures at microwave frequencies,' J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S159-S164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Park, Q. H.

K. G. Lee and Q. H. Park, 'Coupling of surface plasmon polaritons and light in metallic nanoslits,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 103902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, S.

Pellerin, K. M.

Perchec, J. L.

P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, J. L. Perchec, and T. López-Ríos, 'Efficient excitation of cavity resonances of subwavelength metallic gratings,' J. Appl. Phys. 97, 053507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Popov, E.

Quémerais, P.

P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, J. L. Perchec, and T. López-Ríos, 'Efficient excitation of cavity resonances of subwavelength metallic gratings,' J. Appl. Phys. 97, 053507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rajora, A.

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, 'Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Somlyyaminov, I. I.

Y. Hung, I. I. Somlyyaminov, Q. Balzano, and C. C. Davis, 'Strong optical coupling effects through metal film with a surface dielectric grating,' in Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties 111, MarkI.Stockman, ed., Proc. SPIE 5927, 59271Y1-9 (2005).

Song, S. H.

S. Park, G. Lee, S. H. Song, G. H. Oh, and P. S. Kim, 'Resonant coupling of surface plasmons to radiation modes by use of dielectric gratings,' Opt. Lett. 28, 1870-1873 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Y. Choi, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, C. H. Oh, and P. S. Kim, 'Surface plasmon coupling in subwavelength periodic structures,' in Holography, Diffractive Optics, and Applications II, Y.Sheng, D.Hsu, C.Yu, and B.Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE 5636, 22-26 (2005).

Thio, T.

T. Thio, K. M. Pellerin, and R. A. Linke, 'Enhanced light transmission through a single subwavelength aperture,' Opt. Lett. 26, 1972-1974 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, 'Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,' Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tunnermann, A.

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, 'Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,' Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Xie, Y.

Ye, Y. H.

Y. H. Ye and J. Y. Zhang, 'Enhanced light transmission through cascaded metal films perforated with periodic hole arrays,' Opt. Lett. 13, 1521-1523 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoon, J.

K. Y. Choi, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, C. H. Oh, and P. S. Kim, 'Surface plasmon coupling in subwavelength periodic structures,' in Holography, Diffractive Optics, and Applications II, Y.Sheng, D.Hsu, C.Yu, and B.Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE 5636, 22-26 (2005).

Zakharian, A. R.

Zeng, L.

Zhang, J. Y.

Y. H. Ye and J. Y. Zhang, 'Enhanced light transmission through cascaded metal films perforated with periodic hole arrays,' Opt. Lett. 13, 1521-1523 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, Y.

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

P. Quémerais, A. Barbara, J. L. Perchec, and T. López-Ríos, 'Efficient excitation of cavity resonances of subwavelength metallic gratings,' J. Appl. Phys. 97, 053507 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

S. S. Akarca-Biyikli, I. Bulu, and E. Ozbay, 'Resonant excitation of surface plasmons in one-dimensional metallic grating structures at microwave frequencies,' J. Opt. A, Pure Appl. Opt. 7, S159-S164 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

Nature (1)

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, 'Extraordinary optical transmission through subwavelength hole arrays,' Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (6)

Opt. Lett. (5)

Phys. Rev. Lett. (3)

R. Gordon, A. G. Brolo, A. McKinnon, A. Rajora, B. Leathem, and K. L. Kavanagh, 'Strong polarization in the optical transmission through elliptical nanohole arrays,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 037401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. L. Barnes, W. A. Murray, J. Dintinger, E. Devaux, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Surface plasmon polaritons and their roles in the enhanced transmission of light through periodic arrays of subwavelength holes in a metal film,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 92, 107401 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. G. Lee and Q. H. Park, 'Coupling of surface plasmon polaritons and light in metallic nanoslits,' Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 103902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

H. J. Lezec, A. Degiron, E. Devaux, R. A. Linke, L. Martin-Moreno, F. J. Garcia-Vidal, and T. W. Ebbesen, 'Beaming light from a subwavelength aperture,' Science 297, 820-822 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sens. Actuators B (1)

J. Dostalek, J. Homola, and M. Miler, 'Rich information format surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on array of diffraction gratings,' Sens. Actuators B 107, 154-161 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

K. Y. Choi, J. Yoon, S. H. Song, C. H. Oh, and P. S. Kim, 'Surface plasmon coupling in subwavelength periodic structures,' in Holography, Diffractive Optics, and Applications II, Y.Sheng, D.Hsu, C.Yu, and B.Lee, eds., Proc. SPIE 5636, 22-26 (2005).

Y. Hung, I. I. Somlyyaminov, Q. Balzano, and C. C. Davis, 'Strong optical coupling effects through metal film with a surface dielectric grating,' in Plasmonics: Metallic Nanostructures and Their Optical Properties 111, MarkI.Stockman, ed., Proc. SPIE 5927, 59271Y1-9 (2005).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the proposed coupling structure discussed in the paper. A thin metal sheet is evaporated on a dielectric substrate, and a dielectric grating is placed on top of the metal sheet. TM-polarized light, I TM is incident through the superstrate.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Diffraction efficiencies for the positive or negative first transmission orders ( ± 1 T ) plotted as a function of grating height ( d g ) and filling factor ( f ) . The diffraction efficiencies are calculated by using RCWA for a wavelength of incident light of 633 nm and a fixed grating period of 600 nm . (a) + 1 T transmission order, (b) 1 T transmission order.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Influence of the grating height ( d g ) on (a) the diffraction efficiency and (b) the resonant incident angle at fixed filling factor ( f = 0.5 ) . Remaining simulation parameters are the same as those used for Fig. 2.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

The + 1 T transmission efficiency as a function of refraction index of the incident medium (superstrate) and the corresponding incident resonant angle. Inset shows the angle-dependent transmission efficiency when the refraction index of incident medium is 1.0, 1.08, 1.1, 1.12, 1.18, 1.20. Remaining parameters are the same as those used in Figs. 2, 3.

Equations (2)

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k sin θ d = k sp + m K , m = 0 , ± 1 , ,
S b = δ θ in δ n i = 1 cos ( θ in ) ( ε m ε m + ε b ) 3 2 .

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