Abstract

We propose a write-once recording technique for multilayered optical waveguide-type holographic cards. The card medium has a construction created by adding a recording layer and a holographic grating layer to the multilayered optical waveguide composed of core and cladding layers. Individual data for each medium were recorded as an arrangement of optically transparent holes formed in the recording layer. Holograms common to all media were designed in the holographic grating layer so that diffracted lights from the holograms could pass through the holes and focus on an image sensor. We succeeded in write-once recording with a memory capacity potential of more than 128 bits.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Suhara, H. Nishikawa, and J. Koyama, 'Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,' Opt. Commun. 19, 353-358 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  2. S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, and M. Yamamoto, 'Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,' presented at the Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage '99, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, July 11-15, 1999.
  3. T. Imai, T. Kurihara, S. Yagi, Y. Kurokawa, M. Endo, and T. Tanabe, 'Orthogonal aperture multiplexing for multilayered waveguide holographic read-only memories,' Appl. Opt. 42, 7085-7092 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. A. W. Lohmann and D. P. Paris, 'Binary Fraunhofer holograms, generated by computer,' Appl. Opt. 6, 1739-1748 (1967).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. IDAutomation.com, 'Data Matrix ECC200 Barcode FAQ & Tutorial' (2005), http://www.idautomation.com/datamatrixfaq.html.
  6. J. Tsujiuchi, 'Diffraction,' in Holography (Shokabo, 1997), pp. 10-15.

2003 (1)

1976 (1)

T. Suhara, H. Nishikawa, and J. Koyama, 'Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,' Opt. Commun. 19, 353-358 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

Endo, M.

Hikita, M.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, and M. Yamamoto, 'Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,' presented at the Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage '99, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, July 11-15, 1999.

Imai, T.

T. Imai, T. Kurihara, S. Yagi, Y. Kurokawa, M. Endo, and T. Tanabe, 'Orthogonal aperture multiplexing for multilayered waveguide holographic read-only memories,' Appl. Opt. 42, 7085-7092 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, and M. Yamamoto, 'Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,' presented at the Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage '99, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, July 11-15, 1999.

Imamura, S.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, and M. Yamamoto, 'Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,' presented at the Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage '99, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, July 11-15, 1999.

Koyama, J.

T. Suhara, H. Nishikawa, and J. Koyama, 'Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,' Opt. Commun. 19, 353-358 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Kurihara, T.

Kurokawa, Y.

T. Imai, T. Kurihara, S. Yagi, Y. Kurokawa, M. Endo, and T. Tanabe, 'Orthogonal aperture multiplexing for multilayered waveguide holographic read-only memories,' Appl. Opt. 42, 7085-7092 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, and M. Yamamoto, 'Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,' presented at the Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage '99, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, July 11-15, 1999.

Lohmann, A. W.

Nishikawa, H.

T. Suhara, H. Nishikawa, and J. Koyama, 'Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,' Opt. Commun. 19, 353-358 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Paris, D. P.

Suhara, T.

T. Suhara, H. Nishikawa, and J. Koyama, 'Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,' Opt. Commun. 19, 353-358 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Tamamura, T.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, and M. Yamamoto, 'Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,' presented at the Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage '99, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, July 11-15, 1999.

Tanabe, T.

Tate, A.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, and M. Yamamoto, 'Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,' presented at the Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage '99, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, July 11-15, 1999.

Tomaru, S.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, and M. Yamamoto, 'Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,' presented at the Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage '99, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, July 11-15, 1999.

Tsujiuchi, J.

J. Tsujiuchi, 'Diffraction,' in Holography (Shokabo, 1997), pp. 10-15.

Yagi, S.

T. Imai, T. Kurihara, S. Yagi, Y. Kurokawa, M. Endo, and T. Tanabe, 'Orthogonal aperture multiplexing for multilayered waveguide holographic read-only memories,' Appl. Opt. 42, 7085-7092 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, and M. Yamamoto, 'Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,' presented at the Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage '99, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, July 11-15, 1999.

Yamamoto, M.

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, and M. Yamamoto, 'Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,' presented at the Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage '99, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, July 11-15, 1999.

Appl. Opt. (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Suhara, H. Nishikawa, and J. Koyama, 'Waveguide holograms: a new approach to hologram integration,' Opt. Commun. 19, 353-358 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Other (3)

S. Yagi, T. Imai, A. Tate, M. Hikita, S. Tomaru, S. Imamura, T. Tamamura, Y. Kurokawa, and M. Yamamoto, 'Multilayered waveguide holographic memory card,' presented at the Joint International Symposium on Optical Memory and Optical Data Storage '99, Koloa, Kauai, Hawaii, July 11-15, 1999.

IDAutomation.com, 'Data Matrix ECC200 Barcode FAQ & Tutorial' (2005), http://www.idautomation.com/datamatrixfaq.html.

J. Tsujiuchi, 'Diffraction,' in Holography (Shokabo, 1997), pp. 10-15.

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

MWH card medium and reproduction principle. HG, holographic grating.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Data recording using the LM.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Holes formed using the LM. (a) 200 μ m , (b) 300 μ m , and (c) 400 μ m squares.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Hole roughness.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Holes (a) with and (b) without optical matching oil.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculation model.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Reproduced images on the CCD image sensor. (a) Original image and (b) 200 μ m , (c) 300 μ m , and (d) 400 μ m squares.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Brightness distributions for images on the CCD image sensor. (a) Original image and (b) 200 μ m , (c) 300 μ m , and (d) 400 μ m squares.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Data after decoding.

Metrics