Abstract

A simple and efficient method for computing bandgap structures of two-dimensional photonic crystals is presented. Using the Dirichlet-to-Neumann (DtN) map of the unit cell, the bandgaps are calculated as an eigenvalue problem for each given frequency, where the eigenvalue is related to the Bloch wave vector. A linear matrix eigenvalue problem is obtained even when the medium is dispersive. For photonic crystals composed of a square lattice of parallel cylinders, the DtN map is obtained by a cylindrical wave expansion. This leads to eigenvalue problems for relatively small matrices. Unlike other methods based on cylindrical wave expansions, sophisticated lattice sums techniques are not needed.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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