Abstract

We present a novel analytical expression relating the output state of polarization (SOP) and the polarization mode dispersion (PMD) vector, including polarization-dependent chromatic dispersion (PCD), in terms of the angle of precession of the output SOP around the PMD vector. We derive a number of new expressions incorporating for the first time this angle of precession. First, a general relation to study the effect of differential group delay, PCD, and chromatic dispersion on pulses of arbitrary shapes is given. From this general relation, we derive expressions for pulse broadening and power penalty for Gaussian pulses. Moreover, a new expression for PMD-induced power fading for single-sideband modulated radio frequency signals is also derived. Measured experimental results are presented to support the derived expressions.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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