Abstract

Optimal modal Fourier-transform wavefront control combines the speed of Fourier-transform reconstruction (FTR) with real-time optimization of modal gains to form a fast, adaptive wavefront control scheme. Our modal basis is the real Fourier basis, which allows direct control of specific regions of the point-spread function. We formulate FTR as modal control and show how to measure custom filters. Because the Fourier basis is a tight frame, we can use it on a circular aperture for modal control even though it is not an orthonormal basis. The modal coefficients are available during reconstruction, greatly reducing computational overhead for gain optimization. Simulation results show significant improvements in performance in low-signal-to-noise-ratio situations compared with nonadaptive control. This scheme is computationally efficient enough to be implemented with off-the-shelf technology for a 2.5kHz, 64×64 adaptive optics system.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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