Abstract

The finite-element method is applied to model phase-change recording in a grooved recording stack. A rigorous model for the scattering of a three-dimensional focused spot by a one-dimensional periodic grating is used to determine the absorbed light in a three-dimensional region inside the phase-change layer. The optical model is combined with a three-dimensional thermal model to compute the temperature distribution. Land and groove recording and polarization dependence are studied, and the model is applied to the Blu-ray Disc.

© 2005 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. B. Judkins, R. W. Ziolkowski, “Finite-difference time-domain modeling of nonperfectly conducting metallic thin-film gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 1974–1983 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W.-C. Liu, M. W. Kowarz, “Vector diffraction from subwavelength optical disk structures: two-dimensional modeling of near-field profiles, far-field intensities, and detector signals from a DVD,” Appl. Opt. 38, 3787–3797 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. D. S. Marx, D. Psaltis, “Optical diffraction of focused spots and subwavelength structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1268–1278 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  4. W.-H. Yeh, L. Li, M. Mansuripur, “Vector diffraction and polarization effects in optical disk systems,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6983–6988 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Peng, M. Mansuripur, “Thermal cross-track cross talk in phase-change optical disk data storage,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1214–1220 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Nishi, T. Shimano, H. Kando, M. Terao, T. Maeda, “Simulations of marks formed on phase-change, land/groove disks,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2931–2938 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. M. Brok, H. P. Urbach, “Rigorous model of the scattering of a focused spot by a grating and its application in optical recording,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 256–272 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. SEPRAN is a finite-element package of SEPRA (Ingenieursbureau), Den Haag, The Netherlands ( www.sepra.nl ).
  9. H. P. Urbach, R. T. M. Merkx, “Finite element simulation of electromagnetic plane wave diffraction at gratings for arbitrary angles of incidence,” G. Cohen, L. Halpern, P. Joly, eds., in Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Wave Propagation Phenomena, Proceedings of SIAM First Conference on Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Wave Propagation (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Philadelphia, Pa., 1992), pp. 89–99.
  10. DIFFRACT is a product of MM Research, Inc., Tucson, Ariz. Its theoretical basis has, e.g., been described by M. Mansuripurin, “Certain computational aspects of vector diffraction problems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 786–805 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  11. V. S. Ignatowsky, “Diffraction by an objective lens with arbitrary aperture,” Trans. Opt. Inst. Petrograd 1, 1–36 (1921).
  12. B. Richards, E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems: II. Structure of the image in an aplanatic system,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 253, 358–379 (1959).
    [CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2002 (1)

Y. Nishi, T. Shimano, H. Kando, M. Terao, T. Maeda, “Simulations of marks formed on phase-change, land/groove disks,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2931–2938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

C. Peng, M. Mansuripur, “Thermal cross-track cross talk in phase-change optical disk data storage,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1214–1220 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1995 (1)

1989 (1)

1959 (1)

B. Richards, E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems: II. Structure of the image in an aplanatic system,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 253, 358–379 (1959).
[CrossRef]

1921 (1)

V. S. Ignatowsky, “Diffraction by an objective lens with arbitrary aperture,” Trans. Opt. Inst. Petrograd 1, 1–36 (1921).

Brok, J. M.

Ignatowsky, V. S.

V. S. Ignatowsky, “Diffraction by an objective lens with arbitrary aperture,” Trans. Opt. Inst. Petrograd 1, 1–36 (1921).

Judkins, J. B.

Kando, H.

Y. Nishi, T. Shimano, H. Kando, M. Terao, T. Maeda, “Simulations of marks formed on phase-change, land/groove disks,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2931–2938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kowarz, M. W.

Li, L.

Liu, W.-C.

Maeda, T.

Y. Nishi, T. Shimano, H. Kando, M. Terao, T. Maeda, “Simulations of marks formed on phase-change, land/groove disks,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2931–2938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mansuripur, M.

C. Peng, M. Mansuripur, “Thermal cross-track cross talk in phase-change optical disk data storage,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1214–1220 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W.-H. Yeh, L. Li, M. Mansuripur, “Vector diffraction and polarization effects in optical disk systems,” Appl. Opt. 37, 6983–6988 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mansuripurin, M.

Marx, D. S.

Merkx, R. T. M.

H. P. Urbach, R. T. M. Merkx, “Finite element simulation of electromagnetic plane wave diffraction at gratings for arbitrary angles of incidence,” G. Cohen, L. Halpern, P. Joly, eds., in Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Wave Propagation Phenomena, Proceedings of SIAM First Conference on Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Wave Propagation (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Philadelphia, Pa., 1992), pp. 89–99.

Nishi, Y.

Y. Nishi, T. Shimano, H. Kando, M. Terao, T. Maeda, “Simulations of marks formed on phase-change, land/groove disks,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2931–2938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Peng, C.

C. Peng, M. Mansuripur, “Thermal cross-track cross talk in phase-change optical disk data storage,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1214–1220 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Psaltis, D.

Richards, B.

B. Richards, E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems: II. Structure of the image in an aplanatic system,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 253, 358–379 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Shimano, T.

Y. Nishi, T. Shimano, H. Kando, M. Terao, T. Maeda, “Simulations of marks formed on phase-change, land/groove disks,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2931–2938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Terao, M.

Y. Nishi, T. Shimano, H. Kando, M. Terao, T. Maeda, “Simulations of marks formed on phase-change, land/groove disks,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2931–2938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Urbach, H. P.

J. M. Brok, H. P. Urbach, “Rigorous model of the scattering of a focused spot by a grating and its application in optical recording,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 20, 256–272 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Urbach, R. T. M. Merkx, “Finite element simulation of electromagnetic plane wave diffraction at gratings for arbitrary angles of incidence,” G. Cohen, L. Halpern, P. Joly, eds., in Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Wave Propagation Phenomena, Proceedings of SIAM First Conference on Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Wave Propagation (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Philadelphia, Pa., 1992), pp. 89–99.

Wolf, E.

B. Richards, E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems: II. Structure of the image in an aplanatic system,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 253, 358–379 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, W.-H.

Ziolkowski, R. W.

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

C. Peng, M. Mansuripur, “Thermal cross-track cross talk in phase-change optical disk data storage,” J. Appl. Phys. 88, 1214–1220 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (4)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Nishi, T. Shimano, H. Kando, M. Terao, T. Maeda, “Simulations of marks formed on phase-change, land/groove disks,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 41, 2931–2938 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A (1)

B. Richards, E. Wolf, “Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems: II. Structure of the image in an aplanatic system,” Proc. R. Soc. London Ser. A 253, 358–379 (1959).
[CrossRef]

Trans. Opt. Inst. Petrograd (1)

V. S. Ignatowsky, “Diffraction by an objective lens with arbitrary aperture,” Trans. Opt. Inst. Petrograd 1, 1–36 (1921).

Other (2)

SEPRAN is a finite-element package of SEPRA (Ingenieursbureau), Den Haag, The Netherlands ( www.sepra.nl ).

H. P. Urbach, R. T. M. Merkx, “Finite element simulation of electromagnetic plane wave diffraction at gratings for arbitrary angles of incidence,” G. Cohen, L. Halpern, P. Joly, eds., in Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Wave Propagation Phenomena, Proceedings of SIAM First Conference on Mathematical and Numerical Aspects of Wave Propagation (Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics, Philadelphia, Pa., 1992), pp. 89–99.

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