Abstract

Image quality can be objectively defined according to how well an observer can perform a task of practical interest given the image. We review a practical model observer for the signal-detection task. The ideal observer for this task is a function of the image probability distributions, which are multidimensional and complicated. This observer is often too difficult to derive or estimate. An alternative to the ideal observer is the ideal linear observer, which can still be unmanageable. Our alternative is the ideal linear observer constrained to a small set of channels: the channelized-Hotelling observer.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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