Abstract

Interference lithography holds the promise of fabricating large-area, defect-free photonic structures on the submicrometer scale both rapidly and cheaply. There is a need for a procedure to establish a connection between the structures that are formed and the parameters of the interfering beams. There is also a need to produce self-supporting three-dimensional bicontinuous structures. A generic technique correlating parameters of the interfering beams with the symmetry elements present in the resultant structures by a level-set approach is developed. A particular space group is ensured by equating terms of the intensity equation to a representative level surface of the desired space group. Single- and multiple-exposure techniques are discussed. The beam parameters for certain cubic bicontinuous structures relevant to photonic crystals, viz., the diamond (D), the simple cubic (P), and the chiral gyroid (G) are derived by utilizing either linear or elliptically polarized light.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (3)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (59)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription