A detailed study of ultrashort pulsed Bessel beams in linear dispersive media is performed. The spatial and temporal parts of pulsed beams are separable in dispersive media, provided that the parameter α is independent of frequency ω. The spatial part keeps the shape unchanged during propagation. The temporal evolution behavior of pulsed beams depends on the material’s dispersion and diffraction. The pulses can be broadening and become negatively chirped while propagating in anomalous dispersive media. In normal dispersive media, the pulses can be broadening and positively or negatively chirped; even dispersion-free propagation can be achieved if the beam and material parameters are suitably chosen. The condition under which higher-order dispersive effects can be neglected is also discussed.
© 2003 Optical Society of America
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