Abstract

Microstructured optical fibers (MOFs) with small hole-to-hole spacing and large airholes are designed to compensate the anomalous dispersion and the dispersion slope of single-mode fibers. The geometrical parameters that characterize triangular MOFs are chosen to optimize the fiber length and the compensation over a wide wavelength range. A proper design of the photonic crystal fiber geometry allows us to achieve dispersion values of approximately -1700 ps nm-1 km-1 at 1550 nm and to compensate the dispersion of standard fibers within ±0.5 ps nm-1 km-1 over a 100-nm range. The MOF dispersion properties have been studied by means of a numerical simulator for modal analysis based on the finite-element method.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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  13. S. Selleri, J. Petracek, “Modal analysis of rib waveguide through finite element and mode matching methods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 373–386 (2001).
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    [CrossRef]
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2003 (1)

2002 (5)

2001 (5)

2000 (3)

1999 (2)

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Bennett, T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, “Toward practical holey fiber technology: fabrication, splicing, modeling, and characterization,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1203–1205 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, New York, 1995).

Andrés, M. V.

Andrés, P.

Arriaga, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Barkou, S. E.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, K. Dridi, S. E. Barkou, “Dispersion Properties of Photonic crystal fibres,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 1998 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), pp. 135–136.

BarkouLibori, S.

K. G. Hougaard, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, S. BarkouLibori, J. Riishede, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. Broeng, “Coupling to photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThGG11.

Bennett, P. J.

Birks, T. A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

A. Bjarklev, K. P. Hansen, T. P. Hansen, K. Hougaard, S. E. B. Libori, J. Lægsgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Riishede, T. T. Larsen, “Photonic crystal fibres—the state-of-the-art,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2002 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2002), paper S1.1.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, K. Dridi, S. E. Barkou, “Dispersion Properties of Photonic crystal fibres,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 1998 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), pp. 135–136.

K. G. Hougaard, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, S. BarkouLibori, J. Riishede, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. Broeng, “Coupling to photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThGG11.

Botten, L. C.

Broderick, N. G. R.

Broeng, J.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, K. Dridi, S. E. Barkou, “Dispersion Properties of Photonic crystal fibres,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 1998 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), pp. 135–136.

K. G. Hougaard, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, S. BarkouLibori, J. Riishede, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. Broeng, “Coupling to photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThGG11.

Cucinotta, A.

D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, “Leakage properties of photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 1314–1319 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Holey fiber analysis through the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1530–1532 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Perturbation analysis of dispersion properties in photonic crystal fibers through the finite element method,” Lightwave Technol. 20, 1433–1442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, S. Selleri, “Leakage losses in photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper 515.

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Photonic crystal fibers: perturbation analysis of polarization and dispersion properties,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThS2.

de Sterke, C. M.

Dridi, K.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, K. Dridi, S. E. Barkou, “Dispersion Properties of Photonic crystal fibres,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 1998 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), pp. 135–136.

Ferrando, A.

Ferrarini, D.

D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, “Leakage properties of photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 1314–1319 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, S. Selleri, “Leakage losses in photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper 515.

Hansen, K. P.

A. Bjarklev, K. P. Hansen, T. P. Hansen, K. Hougaard, S. E. B. Libori, J. Lægsgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Riishede, T. T. Larsen, “Photonic crystal fibres—the state-of-the-art,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2002 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2002), paper S1.1.

Hansen, T. P.

A. Bjarklev, K. P. Hansen, T. P. Hansen, K. Hougaard, S. E. B. Libori, J. Lægsgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Riishede, T. T. Larsen, “Photonic crystal fibres—the state-of-the-art,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2002 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2002), paper S1.1.

Hougaard, K.

A. Bjarklev, K. P. Hansen, T. P. Hansen, K. Hougaard, S. E. B. Libori, J. Lægsgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Riishede, T. T. Larsen, “Photonic crystal fibres—the state-of-the-art,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2002 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2002), paper S1.1.

Hougaard, K. G.

K. G. Hougaard, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, S. BarkouLibori, J. Riishede, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. Broeng, “Coupling to photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThGG11.

Knight, J. C.

W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, “Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 609–613 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Knudsen, E.

K. G. Hougaard, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, S. BarkouLibori, J. Riishede, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. Broeng, “Coupling to photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThGG11.

Koshiba, M.

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Lægsgaard, J.

A. Bjarklev, K. P. Hansen, T. P. Hansen, K. Hougaard, S. E. B. Libori, J. Lægsgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Riishede, T. T. Larsen, “Photonic crystal fibres—the state-of-the-art,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2002 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2002), paper S1.1.

Larsen, T. T.

A. Bjarklev, K. P. Hansen, T. P. Hansen, K. Hougaard, S. E. B. Libori, J. Lægsgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Riishede, T. T. Larsen, “Photonic crystal fibres—the state-of-the-art,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2002 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2002), paper S1.1.

Libori, S. E. B.

A. Bjarklev, K. P. Hansen, T. P. Hansen, K. Hougaard, S. E. B. Libori, J. Lægsgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Riishede, T. T. Larsen, “Photonic crystal fibres—the state-of-the-art,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2002 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2002), paper S1.1.

Lizier, J. T.

G. E. Town, J. T. Lizier, “Tapered holey fibers for spot-size and numerical-aperture conversion,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1042–1044 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Lizier, G. E. Town, “Splice losses in holey fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 794–796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maystre, D.

McPhedran, R. C.

Miret, J. J.

Mogilevtsev, D.

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T. M.

Nielsen, M. D.

A. Bjarklev, K. P. Hansen, T. P. Hansen, K. Hougaard, S. E. B. Libori, J. Lægsgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Riishede, T. T. Larsen, “Photonic crystal fibres—the state-of-the-art,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2002 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2002), paper S1.1.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Petracek, J.

S. Selleri, J. Petracek, “Modal analysis of rib waveguide through finite element and mode matching methods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 373–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poli, F.

D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, S. Selleri, “Leakage losses in photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper 515.

Reeves, W. H.

Refi, J. J.

J. J. Refi, “Mixing TrueWave RS fiber with other single-mode fibers in a network,” (Lucent Technologies, Holmdel, N.J., 2001).

Renversez, G.

Richardson, D. J.

Riishede, J.

A. Bjarklev, K. P. Hansen, T. P. Hansen, K. Hougaard, S. E. B. Libori, J. Lægsgaard, M. D. Nielsen, J. Riishede, T. T. Larsen, “Photonic crystal fibres—the state-of-the-art,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 2002 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 2002), paper S1.1.

K. G. Hougaard, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, S. BarkouLibori, J. Riishede, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. Broeng, “Coupling to photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThGG11.

Roberts, P. J.

Robinson, P. A.

Russell, P. St. J.

W. H. Reeves, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, P. J. Roberts, “Demonstration of ultra-flattened dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 609–613 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, K.

Selleri, S.

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Perturbation analysis of dispersion properties in photonic crystal fibers through the finite element method,” Lightwave Technol. 20, 1433–1442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Holey fiber analysis through the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1530–1532 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, “Leakage properties of photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 1314–1319 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Selleri, J. Petracek, “Modal analysis of rib waveguide through finite element and mode matching methods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 373–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Selleri, M. Zoboli, “Performance comparison of finite-element approaches for electromagnetic waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1460–1466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, S. Selleri, “Leakage losses in photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper 515.

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Photonic crystal fibers: perturbation analysis of polarization and dispersion properties,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThS2.

Silvestre, E.

Skovgaard, P. M. W.

K. G. Hougaard, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, S. BarkouLibori, J. Riishede, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. Broeng, “Coupling to photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThGG11.

Steel, M. J.

Town, G. E.

J. T. Lizier, G. E. Town, “Splice losses in holey fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 794–796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

G. E. Town, J. T. Lizier, “Tapered holey fibers for spot-size and numerical-aperture conversion,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1042–1044 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Vincetti, L.

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Holey fiber analysis through the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1530–1532 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Perturbation analysis of dispersion properties in photonic crystal fibers through the finite element method,” Lightwave Technol. 20, 1433–1442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, “Leakage properties of photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 1314–1319 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Photonic crystal fibers: perturbation analysis of polarization and dispersion properties,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThS2.

D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, S. Selleri, “Leakage losses in photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper 515.

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

White, T. P.

Zoboli, M.

D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, “Leakage properties of photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Express 10, 1314–1319 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Perturbation analysis of dispersion properties in photonic crystal fibers through the finite element method,” Lightwave Technol. 20, 1433–1442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Holey fiber analysis through the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1530–1532 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Selleri, M. Zoboli, “Performance comparison of finite-element approaches for electromagnetic waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1460–1466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Ferrarini, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, A. Cucinotta, F. Poli, S. Selleri, “Leakage losses in photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2003 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2003), paper 515.

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Photonic crystal fibers: perturbation analysis of polarization and dispersion properties,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThS2.

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (3)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Holey fiber analysis through the finite-element method,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1530–1532 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Lizier, G. E. Town, “Splice losses in holey fibers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 794–796 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

T. A. Birks, D. Mogilevtsev, J. C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, “Dispersion compensation using single-material fibers,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 11, 674–676 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Lightwave Technol. (1)

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Perturbation analysis of dispersion properties in photonic crystal fibers through the finite element method,” Lightwave Technol. 20, 1433–1442 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Selleri, J. Petracek, “Modal analysis of rib waveguide through finite element and mode matching methods,” Opt. Quantum Electron. 33, 373–386 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other (10)

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, M. Zoboli, “Photonic crystal fibers: perturbation analysis of polarization and dispersion properties,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThS2.

K. G. Hougaard, A. Bjarklev, E. Knudsen, S. BarkouLibori, J. Riishede, P. M. W. Skovgaard, J. Broeng, “Coupling to photonic crystal fibers,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper ThGG11.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, K. Dridi, S. E. Barkou, “Dispersion Properties of Photonic crystal fibres,” in Proceedings of the European Conference on Optical Communication 1998 (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, New York, 1998), pp. 135–136.

T. M. Monro, “Tutorial—Holey fibers: fundamentals and applications,” in Digest of Optical Fiber Communication Conference 2002 (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2002), paper TuD.

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Cross section of a triangular MOF with airhole diameter d and pitch Λ.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Mesh of the MOF with d/Λ=0.9 and Λ=0.8 µm (top). Hx at 1550 nm of the MOF with d/Λ=0.9 and Λ=0.8 µm (bottom).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

D(λ) for MOFs with d/Λ=0.9.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

D(λ) for MOFs with Λ=0.8 µm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

CR(λ) for MOFs with d/Λ=0.9 compensating SMF-28.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

CR(λ) for MOFs with Λ=0.8 µm compensating SMF-28.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

CR(λ) for MOFs with d/Λ=0.9 compensating Ritekom G-655 fiber.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

CR(λ) for MOFs with Λ=0.8 µm compensating Ritekom G-655 fiber.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Important Parameters for Different DCFs

Equations (5)

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D(λ)=-λcd2neffdλ2
DSMFLSMF+DDCFLDCF=0,
CR(λ)=DSMF(λ)LSMFDDCF(λ)LDCF.
CR(λ)=DSMF(λ)DSMFDDCFDDCF(λ).
D(λ)S04λ-λ04λ3,

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