Abstract

Holography of small particles is a newly revived topic because of its importance in holographic particle image velocimetry (HPIV). However, the property of particle images formed through holography remains largely unexplored. This fact undermines the measurement reliability of HPIV techniques and has become one of the obstacles in the full deployment of HPIV. We study the intrinsic aberrations in the holographic particle image introduced by particle light scattering and investigate how accurately holography can deliver information about the particles that are being imaged. Consistent with our experimental observations, simulations based on Mie scattering theory show that even with a perfect hologram the reconstructed particle images demonstrate complex three-dimensional morphologies and bodily shifts. These characteristics, manifested as image aberrations, result from uneven scattering amplitude and phase distributions across the finite aperture of the hologram. Such aberrations degrade the signal-to-noise ratio in the reconstructed image as well as introducing systematic errors in detected particle image positions. We examine the effect of these aberrations on HPIV measurements.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

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