Abstract

The modified Mueller matrix elements for electromagnetic scattering from penetrable objects buried under two-dimensional random rough surfaces are investigated. This matrix relates the incident to the scattered waves, and it contains different combinations of the fully polarimetric scattering matrix elements. The statistical average of each Mueller matrix element is computed on the basis of the Monte Carlo simulations by exploiting the speed of the three-dimensional steepest-descent fast multipole method. The numerical results clearly show that relying only on the co-polarized or the cross-polarized intensities or both (i.e., vv, hh, vh, and hv) is not sufficient for sensing the buried objects. However, examining all 16 Mueller matrix elements significantly increases the possibility of detecting these objects. This technique can be used in remote sensing of scatterers buried beneath the rough ground.

© 2003 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
Related Articles
Index mismatch for diffuse photon density waves at both flat and rough diffuse–diffuse interfaces

J. Ripoll and M. Nieto-Vesperinas
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 16(8) 1947-1957 (1999)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (9)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (18)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription