Abstract

The use of laser speckle for displacement and deformation measurement has found wide applications in mechanics and metrology. Traditionally, a deterministic approach has been adopted to analyze the process. In this paper a statistical approach is utilized, resulting in a better understanding of the limitations and potentials of one-beam subjective laser-speckle interferometry (or speckle photography). We find that the amplitude modulation of the information-carrying cosine fringes is controlled by three factors: a decorrelation factor γ, a displacement factor Ω, and a displacement-gradient factor ψ. We introduce the concept of an ambiguity factor that sets a critical value for the product γΩψ. We then propose a criterion for fringe discernibility from which the upper limit of measurement is established.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (9)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (77)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription