Abstract

Human cortical responses corresponding to the subjective preference for a flickering light under varying temporal frequency and mean luminance were investigated. Paired-comparison tests were performed to examine the subjective preference for a flickering light, and electroencephalograms (EEGs) were recorded from six electrodes (10-20 International Electrode Placement System) during presentations of the most-preferred and least-preferred flickering lights. The results showed a positive correlation between subjective preference and the effective duration of the autocorrelation function of the alpha waves measured at the visual cortex (O1 and O2 electrodes).

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. B. Lindsley, “Psychological phenomena and the electroencephalogram,” Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 4, 443–456 (1952).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. H. Hinrichs, W. Machleidt, “Basic emotions reflected in EEG-coherences,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 13, 225–232 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Y. Ando, C. Chen, “On the analysis of autocorrelation function of α-waves on the left and right cerebral hemispheres and in relation to the delay time of single sound reflection,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 489, 67–73 (1996).
  4. C. Chen, Y. Ando, “On the relationship between the autocorrelation function of α-waves on the left and right cerebral hemispheres and subjective preference for the reverberation time of music sound field,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 488, 73–80 (1996).
  5. C. Chen, H. Ryugo, Y. Ando, “Relationship between subjective preference and the autocorrelation function of left and right cortical α-waves responding to the noise-burst tempo,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 497, 67–74 (1997).
  6. H. Petsche, “Approaches to verbal, visual and musical creativity by EEG coherence analysis,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 24, 145–159 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. L. Thurstone, “A law of comparative judgment,” Psychol. Rev. 34, 273–289 (1927).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Gullikson, “A least square solution for paired comparisons with incomplete data,” Psychometrika 21, 125–134 (1956).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Mosteller, “Remarks on the method of paired comparisons III,” Psychometrika 16, 207–218 (1951).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Ando, “Calculation of subjective preference at each seat in a concert hall,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 74, 873–887 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Y. Ando, Concert Hall Acoustics (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1985).
  12. Y. Ando, Architectural Acoustics, Blending Sound Sources, Sound Fields, and Listeners (AIP Press, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998).
  13. P. Fraisse, “Perception and estimation of time,” Annu. Rev. Psychol. 35, 1–36 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H. de Lange, “Research into the dynamic nature of the human fovea→cortex systems with intermittent and modulated light. I. Attenuation characteristics with white and colored light,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 48, 777–784 (1958).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. H. Kelly, “Visual responses to time-dependent stimuli: I. Amplitude sensitivity measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 51, 422–429 (1961).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. Y. Soeta, K. Ohtori, Y. Ando, “Subjective preference for movements of a visual circular stimulus: a case of sinusoidal movement in vertical and horizontal directions,” manuscript available from authors.
  17. A. E. Davis, J. A. Wada, “Hemispheric asymmetry: Frequency analysis of visual and auditory evoked responses to non-verbal stimuli,” Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 37, 1–9 (1974).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. D. Galin, R. R. Ellis, “Asymmetry in evoked responses as an index of lateralized cognitive processes: Relation to EEG alpha asymmetry,” Neuropsychologia 13, 45–50 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, “A study on the differential effects of sound stimuli on performing left- and right-hemispheric task,” Acustica 64, 110–116 (1987).
  20. Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, H. Nagamatsu, “On the auditory-evoked potentials in relation to the IACC of sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 183–190 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, K. Morita, “On the relationship between auditory-evoked potentials and subjective preference for sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 197–204 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  22. Y. Ando, “Evoked potentials relating to the subjective preference of sound fields,” Acustica 76, 292–296 (1992).
  23. P. Rappelsberger, H. Petsche, “Probability mapping: Power and coherence analysis of cognitive processes,” Brain. Topogr. 1, 46–54 (1988).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997

C. Chen, H. Ryugo, Y. Ando, “Relationship between subjective preference and the autocorrelation function of left and right cortical α-waves responding to the noise-burst tempo,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 497, 67–74 (1997).

1996

H. Petsche, “Approaches to verbal, visual and musical creativity by EEG coherence analysis,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 24, 145–159 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ando, C. Chen, “On the analysis of autocorrelation function of α-waves on the left and right cerebral hemispheres and in relation to the delay time of single sound reflection,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 489, 67–73 (1996).

C. Chen, Y. Ando, “On the relationship between the autocorrelation function of α-waves on the left and right cerebral hemispheres and subjective preference for the reverberation time of music sound field,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 488, 73–80 (1996).

1992

H. Hinrichs, W. Machleidt, “Basic emotions reflected in EEG-coherences,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 13, 225–232 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ando, “Evoked potentials relating to the subjective preference of sound fields,” Acustica 76, 292–296 (1992).

1988

P. Rappelsberger, H. Petsche, “Probability mapping: Power and coherence analysis of cognitive processes,” Brain. Topogr. 1, 46–54 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, “A study on the differential effects of sound stimuli on performing left- and right-hemispheric task,” Acustica 64, 110–116 (1987).

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, H. Nagamatsu, “On the auditory-evoked potentials in relation to the IACC of sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 183–190 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, K. Morita, “On the relationship between auditory-evoked potentials and subjective preference for sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 197–204 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984

P. Fraisse, “Perception and estimation of time,” Annu. Rev. Psychol. 35, 1–36 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983

Y. Ando, “Calculation of subjective preference at each seat in a concert hall,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 74, 873–887 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1975

D. Galin, R. R. Ellis, “Asymmetry in evoked responses as an index of lateralized cognitive processes: Relation to EEG alpha asymmetry,” Neuropsychologia 13, 45–50 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1974

A. E. Davis, J. A. Wada, “Hemispheric asymmetry: Frequency analysis of visual and auditory evoked responses to non-verbal stimuli,” Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 37, 1–9 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1961

1958

1956

H. Gullikson, “A least square solution for paired comparisons with incomplete data,” Psychometrika 21, 125–134 (1956).
[CrossRef]

1952

D. B. Lindsley, “Psychological phenomena and the electroencephalogram,” Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 4, 443–456 (1952).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1951

F. Mosteller, “Remarks on the method of paired comparisons III,” Psychometrika 16, 207–218 (1951).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1927

L. L. Thurstone, “A law of comparative judgment,” Psychol. Rev. 34, 273–289 (1927).
[CrossRef]

Ando, Y.

C. Chen, H. Ryugo, Y. Ando, “Relationship between subjective preference and the autocorrelation function of left and right cortical α-waves responding to the noise-burst tempo,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 497, 67–74 (1997).

Y. Ando, C. Chen, “On the analysis of autocorrelation function of α-waves on the left and right cerebral hemispheres and in relation to the delay time of single sound reflection,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 489, 67–73 (1996).

C. Chen, Y. Ando, “On the relationship between the autocorrelation function of α-waves on the left and right cerebral hemispheres and subjective preference for the reverberation time of music sound field,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 488, 73–80 (1996).

Y. Ando, “Evoked potentials relating to the subjective preference of sound fields,” Acustica 76, 292–296 (1992).

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, H. Nagamatsu, “On the auditory-evoked potentials in relation to the IACC of sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 183–190 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, “A study on the differential effects of sound stimuli on performing left- and right-hemispheric task,” Acustica 64, 110–116 (1987).

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, K. Morita, “On the relationship between auditory-evoked potentials and subjective preference for sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 197–204 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ando, “Calculation of subjective preference at each seat in a concert hall,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 74, 873–887 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ando, Architectural Acoustics, Blending Sound Sources, Sound Fields, and Listeners (AIP Press, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998).

Y. Soeta, K. Ohtori, Y. Ando, “Subjective preference for movements of a visual circular stimulus: a case of sinusoidal movement in vertical and horizontal directions,” manuscript available from authors.

Y. Ando, Concert Hall Acoustics (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1985).

Chen, C.

C. Chen, H. Ryugo, Y. Ando, “Relationship between subjective preference and the autocorrelation function of left and right cortical α-waves responding to the noise-burst tempo,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 497, 67–74 (1997).

Y. Ando, C. Chen, “On the analysis of autocorrelation function of α-waves on the left and right cerebral hemispheres and in relation to the delay time of single sound reflection,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 489, 67–73 (1996).

C. Chen, Y. Ando, “On the relationship between the autocorrelation function of α-waves on the left and right cerebral hemispheres and subjective preference for the reverberation time of music sound field,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 488, 73–80 (1996).

Davis, A. E.

A. E. Davis, J. A. Wada, “Hemispheric asymmetry: Frequency analysis of visual and auditory evoked responses to non-verbal stimuli,” Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 37, 1–9 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Lange, H.

Ellis, R. R.

D. Galin, R. R. Ellis, “Asymmetry in evoked responses as an index of lateralized cognitive processes: Relation to EEG alpha asymmetry,” Neuropsychologia 13, 45–50 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fraisse, P.

P. Fraisse, “Perception and estimation of time,” Annu. Rev. Psychol. 35, 1–36 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Galin, D.

D. Galin, R. R. Ellis, “Asymmetry in evoked responses as an index of lateralized cognitive processes: Relation to EEG alpha asymmetry,” Neuropsychologia 13, 45–50 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gullikson, H.

H. Gullikson, “A least square solution for paired comparisons with incomplete data,” Psychometrika 21, 125–134 (1956).
[CrossRef]

Hinrichs, H.

H. Hinrichs, W. Machleidt, “Basic emotions reflected in EEG-coherences,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 13, 225–232 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kang, S. H.

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, K. Morita, “On the relationship between auditory-evoked potentials and subjective preference for sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 197–204 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, “A study on the differential effects of sound stimuli on performing left- and right-hemispheric task,” Acustica 64, 110–116 (1987).

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, H. Nagamatsu, “On the auditory-evoked potentials in relation to the IACC of sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 183–190 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, D. H.

Lindsley, D. B.

D. B. Lindsley, “Psychological phenomena and the electroencephalogram,” Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 4, 443–456 (1952).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Machleidt, W.

H. Hinrichs, W. Machleidt, “Basic emotions reflected in EEG-coherences,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 13, 225–232 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morita, K.

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, K. Morita, “On the relationship between auditory-evoked potentials and subjective preference for sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 197–204 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Mosteller, F.

F. Mosteller, “Remarks on the method of paired comparisons III,” Psychometrika 16, 207–218 (1951).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagamatsu, H.

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, H. Nagamatsu, “On the auditory-evoked potentials in relation to the IACC of sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 183–190 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Ohtori, K.

Y. Soeta, K. Ohtori, Y. Ando, “Subjective preference for movements of a visual circular stimulus: a case of sinusoidal movement in vertical and horizontal directions,” manuscript available from authors.

Petsche, H.

H. Petsche, “Approaches to verbal, visual and musical creativity by EEG coherence analysis,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 24, 145–159 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Rappelsberger, H. Petsche, “Probability mapping: Power and coherence analysis of cognitive processes,” Brain. Topogr. 1, 46–54 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rappelsberger, P.

P. Rappelsberger, H. Petsche, “Probability mapping: Power and coherence analysis of cognitive processes,” Brain. Topogr. 1, 46–54 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ryugo, H.

C. Chen, H. Ryugo, Y. Ando, “Relationship between subjective preference and the autocorrelation function of left and right cortical α-waves responding to the noise-burst tempo,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 497, 67–74 (1997).

Soeta, Y.

Y. Soeta, K. Ohtori, Y. Ando, “Subjective preference for movements of a visual circular stimulus: a case of sinusoidal movement in vertical and horizontal directions,” manuscript available from authors.

Thurstone, L. L.

L. L. Thurstone, “A law of comparative judgment,” Psychol. Rev. 34, 273–289 (1927).
[CrossRef]

Wada, J. A.

A. E. Davis, J. A. Wada, “Hemispheric asymmetry: Frequency analysis of visual and auditory evoked responses to non-verbal stimuli,” Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 37, 1–9 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Acustica

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, “A study on the differential effects of sound stimuli on performing left- and right-hemispheric task,” Acustica 64, 110–116 (1987).

Y. Ando, “Evoked potentials relating to the subjective preference of sound fields,” Acustica 76, 292–296 (1992).

Annu. Rev. Psychol.

P. Fraisse, “Perception and estimation of time,” Annu. Rev. Psychol. 35, 1–36 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brain. Topogr.

P. Rappelsberger, H. Petsche, “Probability mapping: Power and coherence analysis of cognitive processes,” Brain. Topogr. 1, 46–54 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol.

A. E. Davis, J. A. Wada, “Hemispheric asymmetry: Frequency analysis of visual and auditory evoked responses to non-verbal stimuli,” Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 37, 1–9 (1974).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. B. Lindsley, “Psychological phenomena and the electroencephalogram,” Electroencephalogr. Clin. Neurophysiol. 4, 443–456 (1952).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Int. J. Psychophysiol.

H. Hinrichs, W. Machleidt, “Basic emotions reflected in EEG-coherences,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 13, 225–232 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Petsche, “Approaches to verbal, visual and musical creativity by EEG coherence analysis,” Int. J. Psychophysiol. 24, 145–159 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Acoust. Soc. Am.

Y. Ando, “Calculation of subjective preference at each seat in a concert hall,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 74, 873–887 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E)

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, H. Nagamatsu, “On the auditory-evoked potentials in relation to the IACC of sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 183–190 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ando, S. H. Kang, K. Morita, “On the relationship between auditory-evoked potentials and subjective preference for sound field,” J. Acoust. Soc. Jpn. (E) 8, 197–204 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ

Y. Ando, C. Chen, “On the analysis of autocorrelation function of α-waves on the left and right cerebral hemispheres and in relation to the delay time of single sound reflection,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 489, 67–73 (1996).

C. Chen, Y. Ando, “On the relationship between the autocorrelation function of α-waves on the left and right cerebral hemispheres and subjective preference for the reverberation time of music sound field,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 488, 73–80 (1996).

C. Chen, H. Ryugo, Y. Ando, “Relationship between subjective preference and the autocorrelation function of left and right cortical α-waves responding to the noise-burst tempo,” J. Archi. Plan. Environ. Eng. AIJ 497, 67–74 (1997).

J. Opt. Soc. Am.

Neuropsychologia

D. Galin, R. R. Ellis, “Asymmetry in evoked responses as an index of lateralized cognitive processes: Relation to EEG alpha asymmetry,” Neuropsychologia 13, 45–50 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Psychol. Rev.

L. L. Thurstone, “A law of comparative judgment,” Psychol. Rev. 34, 273–289 (1927).
[CrossRef]

Psychometrika

H. Gullikson, “A least square solution for paired comparisons with incomplete data,” Psychometrika 21, 125–134 (1956).
[CrossRef]

F. Mosteller, “Remarks on the method of paired comparisons III,” Psychometrika 16, 207–218 (1951).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other

Y. Ando, Concert Hall Acoustics (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1985).

Y. Ando, Architectural Acoustics, Blending Sound Sources, Sound Fields, and Listeners (AIP Press, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1998).

Y. Soeta, K. Ohtori, Y. Ando, “Subjective preference for movements of a visual circular stimulus: a case of sinusoidal movement in vertical and horizontal directions,” manuscript available from authors.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Average scale values of subjective preferences as a function of temporal frequency. Different symbols indicate different mean luminance. Solid squares, 7.5 cd/m2; open circles, 30 cd/m2; open triangles, 120 cd/m2. The solid curve is expressed by approximation (3), where x=f. Vertical error bars represent standard error of scale values. Horizontal error bars represent the standard deviation of preferred temporal frequencies at each luminance level.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Symbols same as Fig. 1. Most preferred temporal frequencies [f]p as a function of mean luminance (ten subjects).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Symbols same as Fig. 1. Scale values of preference as a function of temporal frequency. The abscissa is normalized by the most-preferred temporal frequency [f]p.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Top view of subject’s head and electrode positions of recorded brain waves. (10-20 International Electrode Placement System).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Example of normalized ACF of EEG alpha waves and the definitions of ϕ1 and τ1. (b) Example of determining the effective duration of ACF (τe).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated τe under changing temporal frequency. Error bars represent 95% confidence. Open circles, higher preference; solid circles, lower preference.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Calculated Φ(0) under changing temporal frequency. Otherwise, same as Fig. 6.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Calculated ϕ1 under changing temporal frequency. Otherwise, same as Fig. 6.  

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Results of One-Way ANOVA at Each Electrode Position under Three Conditionsa

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

L(t)=L0[1+m cos(2πft)],
Si=1Nj=1NZiji,j=1,2 ,, N,
S-α|x|β,
ϕ(τ)=Φ(τ)Φ(0),
Φ(τ)=12T-T+Tα(t)α(t+τ)dt,

Metrics