Abstract

In the paraxial regime of three-dimensional optics, two evolution Hamiltonians are equivalent when one can be transformed to the other modulo scale by similarity through an optical system. To determine the equivalence sets of paraxial optical Hamiltonians one requires the orbit analysis of the algebra sp(4, ℜ) of 4×4 real Hamiltonian matrices. Our strategy uses instead the isomorphic algebra so(3, 2) of 5×5 matrices with metric (+1, +1, +1, -1, -1) to find four orbit regions (strata), six isolated orbits at their boundaries, and six degenerate orbits at their common point. We thus resolve the degeneracies of the eigenvalue classification.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (55)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription