Abstract

Formulas are derived for the diffraction of a three-dimensional electromagnetic Gaussian beam by a perfectly conducting half-plane. The beam can be incident from any direction, and the main component of the electric field can point in any direction on the plane of the beam waist. The center of the beam waist is on the edge of the half-plane. The incident beam is constructed as a superposition of plane waves, and the total diffracted field is obtained from a superposition of the diffracted fields that are due to each plane wave. Physical constraints that limit the size and direction of the beam relative to the half-plane are described and incorporated into the theory. The scattered field in the far zone is obtained by asymptotic evaluation of the general formulas. Graphical results for the near-field as well as far-field patterns are presented and discussed.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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