We first present nonparaxial designs for a microcylindrical axilens with different long focal depths and rigorously analyze electromagnetic field distributions of the axilens using integral equations and the boundary-element method. Numerical results show that the designed axilenses indeed have the special feature of attaining a long focal depth while keeping high transverse resolution for numerical apertures of 2.4, 2.0, and 1.0. The ratio between the extended focal depth of the designed axilens and the focal depth of the conventional focal lens is 1.41, the corresponding maximal extended focal depth of the axilens can reach 28 μm, and the spot size of the focal beam is ∼10 μm over the focal range.
© 2001 Optical Society of America
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