Most of the Mie-scattering calculations have been done for a particle embedded in a nonabsorbing host medium. Generalization to an absorbing host medium can be achieved (a) by modifying the calculation of the spherical Bessel functions to account for a complex argument and (b) by accounting properly for the net rate of incident, scattered, and absorbed energy. We present an extended formalism of Mie scattering for the case of an absorbing host medium. Numerical calculations show that for a large spherical particle embedded in an absorbing host medium the extinction efficiency approaches 1 compared with 2 for a nonabsorbing host medium. We conjecture that this difference is due to the suppression of diffraction when the radius of the sphere is large.
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