D. Torrungrueng, J. T. Johnson, “The forward–backward method with a novel acceleration algorithm (FB/NSA) for the computation of scattering from two-dimensional large-scale impedance random rough surfaces,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 232–236 (2001).

[Crossref]

H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “Formulation of forward–backward method using novel spectral acceleration for the modeling of scattering from impedance rough surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 605–607 (2000).

[Crossref]

D. Torrungrueng, H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “A novel acceleration algorithm for the computation of scattering from two-dimensional large-scale perfectly conducting random rough surfaces with the forward-backward method,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 1656–1668 (2000).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, R. T. Shin, J. A. Kong, L. Tsang, K. Pak, “A numerical study of ocean polarimetric thermal emission,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 8–20 (1999).

[Crossref]

S. T. McDaniel, “Acoustic and radar scattering from directional seas,” Waves Random Media 9, 537–549 (1999).

[Crossref]

C. Hsieh, A. K. Fung, “Application of an extended IEM to multiple surface scattering and backscatter enhancement,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 13, 121–135 (1999).

[Crossref]

V. Jandhyala, E. Michielssen, S. Balasubramaniam, W. C. Chew, “A combined steepest descent–fast multipole algorithm for the fast analysis of three-dimensional scattering by rough surfaces,” IEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 738–748 (1998).

[Crossref]

H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “A novel acceleration algorithm for the computation of scattering from rough surfaces with the forward–backward method,” Radio Sci. 33, 1277–1287 (1998).

[Crossref]

R. L. Wagner, J. M. Song, W. C. Chew, “Monte Carlo simulation of electromagnetic scattering from two-dimensional random rough surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 235–245 (1997).

[Crossref]

K. Pak, L. Tsang, J. T. Johnson, “Numerical simulations and backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional dielectric random rough surfaces with the sparse-matrix canonical grid method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1515–1529 (1997).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, K. Pak, C. H. Chan, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces: a comparison of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental data,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 748–756 (1996).

[Crossref]

A. Ishimaru, C. Le, Y. Kuga, L. A. Sengers, T. K. Chan, “Polarimetric scattering theory for high slope rough surfaces,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 14, 1–36 (1996).

E. Bahar, M. El-Shenawee, “Enhanced backscatter from one dimensional random rough surfaces—stationary phase approximations to full wave solutions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 151–161 (1995).

[Crossref]

K. Pak, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, J. T. Johnson, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces based on Monte Carlo simulations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2491–2499 (1995).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, “The impedance boundary condition at a two-dimensional rough metal surface,” Opt. Commun. 116, 452–467 (1995).

[Crossref]

P. Phu, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Co-polarized and cross-polarized enhanced backscattering from two-dimensional very rough surfaces at millimeter wave frequencies,” Radio Sci. 29, 1275–1291 (1994).

[Crossref]

P. Tran, V. Celli, A. A. Maradudin, “Electromagnetic scattering from a two-dimensional randomly rough, perfectly conducting surface: iterative methods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1686–1689 (1994).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

A. Ishimaru, “Backscattering enhancement: from radar cross sections to electron and light localizations to rough-surface scattering,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 33, 7–11 (1991).

[Crossref]

T. B. A. Senior, “Impedance boundary conditions for imperfectly conducting surface,” Appl. Sci. Res. Sect. B 8, 418–436 (1960).

[Crossref]

V. Jandhyala, E. Michielssen, S. Balasubramaniam, W. C. Chew, “A combined steepest descent–fast multipole algorithm for the fast analysis of three-dimensional scattering by rough surfaces,” IEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 738–748 (1998).

[Crossref]

P. Beckmann, A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, New York, 1963).

P. Tran, V. Celli, A. A. Maradudin, “Electromagnetic scattering from a two-dimensional randomly rough, perfectly conducting surface: iterative methods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1686–1689 (1994).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

J. T. Johnson, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, K. Pak, C. H. Chan, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces: a comparison of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental data,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 748–756 (1996).

[Crossref]

K. Pak, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, J. T. Johnson, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces based on Monte Carlo simulations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2491–2499 (1995).

[Crossref]

A. Ishimaru, C. Le, Y. Kuga, L. A. Sengers, T. K. Chan, “Polarimetric scattering theory for high slope rough surfaces,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 14, 1–36 (1996).

V. Jandhyala, E. Michielssen, S. Balasubramaniam, W. C. Chew, “A combined steepest descent–fast multipole algorithm for the fast analysis of three-dimensional scattering by rough surfaces,” IEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 738–748 (1998).

[Crossref]

R. L. Wagner, J. M. Song, W. C. Chew, “Monte Carlo simulation of electromagnetic scattering from two-dimensional random rough surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 235–245 (1997).

[Crossref]

H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “Formulation of forward–backward method using novel spectral acceleration for the modeling of scattering from impedance rough surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 605–607 (2000).

[Crossref]

D. Torrungrueng, H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “A novel acceleration algorithm for the computation of scattering from two-dimensional large-scale perfectly conducting random rough surfaces with the forward-backward method,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 1656–1668 (2000).

[Crossref]

H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “A novel acceleration algorithm for the computation of scattering from rough surfaces with the forward–backward method,” Radio Sci. 33, 1277–1287 (1998).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

C. Hsieh, A. K. Fung, “Application of an extended IEM to multiple surface scattering and backscatter enhancement,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 13, 121–135 (1999).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

R. F. Harrington, Field Computation by Moment Methods (Krieger, Malarbar, Fla., 1982).

C. Hsieh, A. K. Fung, “Application of an extended IEM to multiple surface scattering and backscatter enhancement,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 13, 121–135 (1999).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, K. Pak, C. H. Chan, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces: a comparison of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental data,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 748–756 (1996).

[Crossref]

A. Ishimaru, C. Le, Y. Kuga, L. A. Sengers, T. K. Chan, “Polarimetric scattering theory for high slope rough surfaces,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 14, 1–36 (1996).

P. Phu, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Co-polarized and cross-polarized enhanced backscattering from two-dimensional very rough surfaces at millimeter wave frequencies,” Radio Sci. 29, 1275–1291 (1994).

[Crossref]

A. Ishimaru, “Backscattering enhancement: from radar cross sections to electron and light localizations to rough-surface scattering,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 33, 7–11 (1991).

[Crossref]

A. Ishimaru, “Experimental and theoretical studies on enhanced backscattering from scatterers and rough surfaces,” in Scattering in Volumes and Surfaces, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1990), pp. 1–15.

V. Jandhyala, E. Michielssen, S. Balasubramaniam, W. C. Chew, “A combined steepest descent–fast multipole algorithm for the fast analysis of three-dimensional scattering by rough surfaces,” IEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 738–748 (1998).

[Crossref]

D. Torrungrueng, J. T. Johnson, “The forward–backward method with a novel acceleration algorithm (FB/NSA) for the computation of scattering from two-dimensional large-scale impedance random rough surfaces,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 232–236 (2001).

[Crossref]

D. Torrungrueng, H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “A novel acceleration algorithm for the computation of scattering from two-dimensional large-scale perfectly conducting random rough surfaces with the forward-backward method,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 1656–1668 (2000).

[Crossref]

H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “Formulation of forward–backward method using novel spectral acceleration for the modeling of scattering from impedance rough surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 605–607 (2000).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, R. T. Shin, J. A. Kong, L. Tsang, K. Pak, “A numerical study of ocean polarimetric thermal emission,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 8–20 (1999).

[Crossref]

H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “A novel acceleration algorithm for the computation of scattering from rough surfaces with the forward–backward method,” Radio Sci. 33, 1277–1287 (1998).

[Crossref]

K. Pak, L. Tsang, J. T. Johnson, “Numerical simulations and backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional dielectric random rough surfaces with the sparse-matrix canonical grid method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1515–1529 (1997).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, K. Pak, C. H. Chan, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces: a comparison of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental data,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 748–756 (1996).

[Crossref]

K. Pak, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, J. T. Johnson, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces based on Monte Carlo simulations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2491–2499 (1995).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, R. T. Shin, J. A. Kong, L. Tsang, K. Pak, “A numerical study of ocean polarimetric thermal emission,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 8–20 (1999).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, K. Pak, C. H. Chan, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces: a comparison of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental data,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 748–756 (1996).

[Crossref]

A. Ishimaru, C. Le, Y. Kuga, L. A. Sengers, T. K. Chan, “Polarimetric scattering theory for high slope rough surfaces,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 14, 1–36 (1996).

P. Phu, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Co-polarized and cross-polarized enhanced backscattering from two-dimensional very rough surfaces at millimeter wave frequencies,” Radio Sci. 29, 1275–1291 (1994).

[Crossref]

A. Ishimaru, C. Le, Y. Kuga, L. A. Sengers, T. K. Chan, “Polarimetric scattering theory for high slope rough surfaces,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 14, 1–36 (1996).

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

A. A. Maradudin, “The impedance boundary condition at a two-dimensional rough metal surface,” Opt. Commun. 116, 452–467 (1995).

[Crossref]

P. Tran, V. Celli, A. A. Maradudin, “Electromagnetic scattering from a two-dimensional randomly rough, perfectly conducting surface: iterative methods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1686–1689 (1994).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

S. T. McDaniel, “Acoustic and radar scattering from directional seas,” Waves Random Media 9, 537–549 (1999).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

K. A. O’Donnell, E. R. Mendez, “Experimental study of scattering from random rough surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1194–1205 (1987).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

V. Jandhyala, E. Michielssen, S. Balasubramaniam, W. C. Chew, “A combined steepest descent–fast multipole algorithm for the fast analysis of three-dimensional scattering by rough surfaces,” IEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 738–748 (1998).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

J. T. Johnson, R. T. Shin, J. A. Kong, L. Tsang, K. Pak, “A numerical study of ocean polarimetric thermal emission,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 8–20 (1999).

[Crossref]

K. Pak, L. Tsang, J. T. Johnson, “Numerical simulations and backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional dielectric random rough surfaces with the sparse-matrix canonical grid method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1515–1529 (1997).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, K. Pak, C. H. Chan, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces: a comparison of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental data,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 748–756 (1996).

[Crossref]

K. Pak, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, J. T. Johnson, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces based on Monte Carlo simulations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2491–2499 (1995).

[Crossref]

P. Phu, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Co-polarized and cross-polarized enhanced backscattering from two-dimensional very rough surfaces at millimeter wave frequencies,” Radio Sci. 29, 1275–1291 (1994).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

A. Ishimaru, C. Le, Y. Kuga, L. A. Sengers, T. K. Chan, “Polarimetric scattering theory for high slope rough surfaces,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 14, 1–36 (1996).

T. B. A. Senior, “Impedance boundary conditions for imperfectly conducting surface,” Appl. Sci. Res. Sect. B 8, 418–436 (1960).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, R. T. Shin, J. A. Kong, L. Tsang, K. Pak, “A numerical study of ocean polarimetric thermal emission,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 8–20 (1999).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, K. Pak, C. H. Chan, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces: a comparison of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental data,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 748–756 (1996).

[Crossref]

R. L. Wagner, J. M. Song, W. C. Chew, “Monte Carlo simulation of electromagnetic scattering from two-dimensional random rough surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 235–245 (1997).

[Crossref]

P. Beckmann, A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, New York, 1963).

D. Torrungrueng, J. T. Johnson, “The forward–backward method with a novel acceleration algorithm (FB/NSA) for the computation of scattering from two-dimensional large-scale impedance random rough surfaces,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 232–236 (2001).

[Crossref]

D. Torrungrueng, H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “A novel acceleration algorithm for the computation of scattering from two-dimensional large-scale perfectly conducting random rough surfaces with the forward-backward method,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 1656–1668 (2000).

[Crossref]

D. Torrungrueng, “Applications of the novel spectral acceleration (NSA) algorithm for the computation of scattering from rough surfaces,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, 2000).

P. Tran, V. Celli, A. A. Maradudin, “Electromagnetic scattering from a two-dimensional randomly rough, perfectly conducting surface: iterative methods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1686–1689 (1994).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

J. T. Johnson, R. T. Shin, J. A. Kong, L. Tsang, K. Pak, “A numerical study of ocean polarimetric thermal emission,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 8–20 (1999).

[Crossref]

K. Pak, L. Tsang, J. T. Johnson, “Numerical simulations and backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional dielectric random rough surfaces with the sparse-matrix canonical grid method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1515–1529 (1997).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, K. Pak, C. H. Chan, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces: a comparison of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental data,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 748–756 (1996).

[Crossref]

K. Pak, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, J. T. Johnson, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces based on Monte Carlo simulations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2491–2499 (1995).

[Crossref]

A. G. Voronovich, Wave Scattering from Rough Surfaces (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994).

R. L. Wagner, J. M. Song, W. C. Chew, “Monte Carlo simulation of electromagnetic scattering from two-dimensional random rough surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 235–245 (1997).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

T. B. A. Senior, “Impedance boundary conditions for imperfectly conducting surface,” Appl. Sci. Res. Sect. B 8, 418–436 (1960).

[Crossref]

V. Jandhyala, E. Michielssen, S. Balasubramaniam, W. C. Chew, “A combined steepest descent–fast multipole algorithm for the fast analysis of three-dimensional scattering by rough surfaces,” IEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 36, 738–748 (1998).

[Crossref]

A. Ishimaru, “Backscattering enhancement: from radar cross sections to electron and light localizations to rough-surface scattering,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag. 33, 7–11 (1991).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, L. Tsang, R. T. Shin, K. Pak, C. H. Chan, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces: a comparison of Monte Carlo simulations with experimental data,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 748–756 (1996).

[Crossref]

R. L. Wagner, J. M. Song, W. C. Chew, “Monte Carlo simulation of electromagnetic scattering from two-dimensional random rough surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 235–245 (1997).

[Crossref]

H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “Formulation of forward–backward method using novel spectral acceleration for the modeling of scattering from impedance rough surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 605–607 (2000).

[Crossref]

D. Torrungrueng, H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “A novel acceleration algorithm for the computation of scattering from two-dimensional large-scale perfectly conducting random rough surfaces with the forward-backward method,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 38, 1656–1668 (2000).

[Crossref]

J. T. Johnson, R. T. Shin, J. A. Kong, L. Tsang, K. Pak, “A numerical study of ocean polarimetric thermal emission,” IEEE Trans. Geosci. Remote Sens. 37, 8–20 (1999).

[Crossref]

C. Hsieh, A. K. Fung, “Application of an extended IEM to multiple surface scattering and backscatter enhancement,” J. Electromagn. Waves Appl. 13, 121–135 (1999).

[Crossref]

E. Bahar, M. El-Shenawee, “Enhanced backscatter from one dimensional random rough surfaces—stationary phase approximations to full wave solutions,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 151–161 (1995).

[Crossref]

P. Tran, V. Celli, A. A. Maradudin, “Electromagnetic scattering from a two-dimensional randomly rough, perfectly conducting surface: iterative methods,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 1686–1689 (1994).

[Crossref]

K. A. O’Donnell, E. R. Mendez, “Experimental study of scattering from random rough surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1194–1205 (1987).

[Crossref]

M. J. Kim, J. Dainty, A. Friberg, A. Sant, “Experimental study of enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random rough surfaces,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 569–577 (1990).

[Crossref]

K. Pak, L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, J. T. Johnson, “Backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional perfectly conducting random rough surfaces based on Monte Carlo simulations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 12, 2491–2499 (1995).

[Crossref]

K. Pak, L. Tsang, J. T. Johnson, “Numerical simulations and backscattering enhancement of electromagnetic waves from two-dimensional dielectric random rough surfaces with the sparse-matrix canonical grid method,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14, 1515–1529 (1997).

[Crossref]

D. Torrungrueng, J. T. Johnson, “The forward–backward method with a novel acceleration algorithm (FB/NSA) for the computation of scattering from two-dimensional large-scale impedance random rough surfaces,” Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 29, 232–236 (2001).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, “The impedance boundary condition at a two-dimensional rough metal surface,” Opt. Commun. 116, 452–467 (1995).

[Crossref]

A. Ishimaru, C. Le, Y. Kuga, L. A. Sengers, T. K. Chan, “Polarimetric scattering theory for high slope rough surfaces,” Prog. Electromagn. Res. 14, 1–36 (1996).

P. Phu, A. Ishimaru, Y. Kuga, “Co-polarized and cross-polarized enhanced backscattering from two-dimensional very rough surfaces at millimeter wave frequencies,” Radio Sci. 29, 1275–1291 (1994).

[Crossref]

H.-T. Chou, J. T. Johnson, “A novel acceleration algorithm for the computation of scattering from rough surfaces with the forward–backward method,” Radio Sci. 33, 1277–1287 (1998).

[Crossref]

A. A. Maradudin, J. Q. Lu, P. Tran, R. F. Wallis, V. Celli, Z. H. Gu, A. R. McGurn, E. R. Mendez, T. Michel, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, A. J. Sant, “Enhanced backscattering from one- and two-dimensional random surfaces,” Rev. Mex. Fis. 38, 343–397 (1992).

S. T. McDaniel, “Acoustic and radar scattering from directional seas,” Waves Random Media 9, 537–549 (1999).

[Crossref]

D. Torrungrueng, “Applications of the novel spectral acceleration (NSA) algorithm for the computation of scattering from rough surfaces,” Ph.D. dissertation (Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio, 2000).

P. Beckmann, A. Spizzichino, The Scattering of Electromagnetic Waves from Rough Surfaces (Pergamon, New York, 1963).

A. G. Voronovich, Wave Scattering from Rough Surfaces (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1994).

A. Ishimaru, “Experimental and theoretical studies on enhanced backscattering from scatterers and rough surfaces,” in Scattering in Volumes and Surfaces, M. Nieto-Vesperinas, J. C. Dainty, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1990), pp. 1–15.

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