Abstract

The superposition of a long-period grating and a fiber Bragg grating, which we call an optical superlattice, causes high-efficiency narrow-band reflections to be induced on either side of the Bragg wavelength. This effect was recently observed experimentally in a fiber-based acousto-optic superlattice modulator. We develop in detail the theory of optical superlattices in fiber Bragg gratings, treating both the acousto-optic and the fixed-grating cases. Applications include reconfigurable wavelength division multiplexers, fiber lasers and sensors, tunable filters, modulators, and frequency shifters.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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