Blazed-binary optical elements with only binary ridges or pillars are diffractive components that mimic standard blazed-échelette diffractive elements. We report on the behavior of one-dimensional blazed-binary optical elements with local periods much larger than the wavelength. For this purpose, an approximate model based on both scalar and electromagnetic theory is proposed. The model is tested against electromagnetic-theory computational results obtained for one-dimensional blazed-binary gratings with large periods. An excellent agreement is obtained, showing that the model is able to predict quantitatively the wavelength and the incidence-angle dependences of the diffraction efficiency of blazed-binary structures.
© 2000 Optical Society of AmericaFull Article | PDF Article