Abstract

Many imaging applications deal with the detection of small targets or spots embedded within an inhomogeneous background. We present a method that accomplishes a multiresolution detection on the wavelet-transformed image. The targets are separated from the background by the exploitation of Renyi’s information, which is evaluated at the different decomposition levels of the wavelet transform. The scale-dependent candidate detections are successively combined by means of majority voting for final detection. Connections with results provided in different fields such as multifractal analysis, generalized information measures in scale-space, and cross-entropy analysis in fine-to-coarse transformations are discussed. Detection performance is investigated through an example from medical image analysis.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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