Abstract

We use the rigorous vector theory of weak photon localization for a semi-infinite medium composed of nonabsorbing Rayleigh scatterers to compute the full angular profile of the polarization opposition effect. The effect is caused by coherent backscattering of unpolarized incident light and accompanies the well-known backscattering intensity peak.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering in optics,” in Progress in Optics XXIX, E. Wolf., ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1991), pp. 65–197.
  2. A. Lagendijk, B. A. van Tiggelen, “Resonant multiple scattering of light,” Phys. Rep. 270, 143–215 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. E. Amic, J. M. Luck, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Anisotropic multiple scattering in diffusive media,” J. Phys. A. Math. Gen. 29, 4915–4955 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. C. W. van Rossum, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple scattering of classical waves: microscopy, mesoscopy, and diffusion,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 313–371 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. M. I. Mishchenko, “Enhanced backscattering of polarized light from discrete random media: calculations in exactly the backscattering direction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 978–982 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. I. Mishchenko, “On the nature of the polarization opposition effect exhibited by Saturn’s rings,” Astrophys. J. 411, 351–361 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. P. van Albada, M. B. van der Mark, A. Lagendijk, “Polarization effects in weak localization of light,” J. Phys. D 21, S28–S31 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. V. D. Ozrin, “Exact solution for coherent backscattering of polarized light from a random medium of Rayleigh scatterers,” Waves Random Media 2, 141–164 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Amic, J. M. Luck, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple Rayleigh scattering of electromagnetic waves,” J. Phys. I 7, 445–483 (1997).
  10. M. I. Mishchenko, “Diffuse and coherent backscattering by discrete random media. 1. Radar reflectivity, polarization ratios, and enhancement factors for a half-space of polydisperse, nonabsorbing and absorbing spherical particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 56, 673–702 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. W. Hovenier, C. V. M. van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983).
  12. B. Lyot, “Research on the polarization of light from planets and from some terrestial substances,” (NASA, Washington, D.C., 1964).
  13. J. E. Geake, M. Geake, “A remote-sensing method for sub-wavelength grains on planetary surfaces by optical polarimetry,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 245, 46–55 (1990).
  14. V. K. Rosenbush, V. V. Avramchuk, A. E. Rosenbush, M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarization properties of the Galilean satellites of Jupiter: observations and preliminary analysis,” Astrophys. J. 487, 402–414 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. Dollfus, M. Wolff, J. E. Geake, D. F. Lupishko, L. M. Dougherty, “Photopolarimetry of asteroids,” in Asteroids II, R. P. Binzel, T. Gehrels, M. S. Matthews, eds. (U. of Arizona Press, Tucson, Ariz., 1989), pp. 594–616.
  16. P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Yu. G. Shkuratov, “Interference model of the negative polarization of light scattered by the solid surfaces of celestial bodies,” Astron. Vestnik 25, 152–161 (1991).

1999 (1)

M. C. W. van Rossum, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple scattering of classical waves: microscopy, mesoscopy, and diffusion,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 313–371 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

V. K. Rosenbush, V. V. Avramchuk, A. E. Rosenbush, M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarization properties of the Galilean satellites of Jupiter: observations and preliminary analysis,” Astrophys. J. 487, 402–414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

E. Amic, J. M. Luck, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple Rayleigh scattering of electromagnetic waves,” J. Phys. I 7, 445–483 (1997).

1996 (3)

M. I. Mishchenko, “Diffuse and coherent backscattering by discrete random media. 1. Radar reflectivity, polarization ratios, and enhancement factors for a half-space of polydisperse, nonabsorbing and absorbing spherical particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 56, 673–702 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Lagendijk, B. A. van Tiggelen, “Resonant multiple scattering of light,” Phys. Rep. 270, 143–215 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Amic, J. M. Luck, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Anisotropic multiple scattering in diffusive media,” J. Phys. A. Math. Gen. 29, 4915–4955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. I. Mishchenko, “On the nature of the polarization opposition effect exhibited by Saturn’s rings,” Astrophys. J. 411, 351–361 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

M. I. Mishchenko, “Enhanced backscattering of polarized light from discrete random media: calculations in exactly the backscattering direction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 978–982 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. D. Ozrin, “Exact solution for coherent backscattering of polarized light from a random medium of Rayleigh scatterers,” Waves Random Media 2, 141–164 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Yu. G. Shkuratov, “Interference model of the negative polarization of light scattered by the solid surfaces of celestial bodies,” Astron. Vestnik 25, 152–161 (1991).

1990 (1)

J. E. Geake, M. Geake, “A remote-sensing method for sub-wavelength grains on planetary surfaces by optical polarimetry,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 245, 46–55 (1990).

1988 (1)

M. P. van Albada, M. B. van der Mark, A. Lagendijk, “Polarization effects in weak localization of light,” J. Phys. D 21, S28–S31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

J. W. Hovenier, C. V. M. van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983).

Amic, E.

E. Amic, J. M. Luck, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple Rayleigh scattering of electromagnetic waves,” J. Phys. I 7, 445–483 (1997).

E. Amic, J. M. Luck, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Anisotropic multiple scattering in diffusive media,” J. Phys. A. Math. Gen. 29, 4915–4955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Avramchuk, V. V.

V. K. Rosenbush, V. V. Avramchuk, A. E. Rosenbush, M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarization properties of the Galilean satellites of Jupiter: observations and preliminary analysis,” Astrophys. J. 487, 402–414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barabanenkov, Yu. N.

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering in optics,” in Progress in Optics XXIX, E. Wolf., ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1991), pp. 65–197.

Bell, M.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Belton, M. J. S.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Clark, B. E.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Colvin, T.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Currier, N.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Davies, M.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Denk, T.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dollfus, A.

A. Dollfus, M. Wolff, J. E. Geake, D. F. Lupishko, L. M. Dougherty, “Photopolarimetry of asteroids,” in Asteroids II, R. P. Binzel, T. Gehrels, M. S. Matthews, eds. (U. of Arizona Press, Tucson, Ariz., 1989), pp. 594–616.

Dougherty, L. M.

A. Dollfus, M. Wolff, J. E. Geake, D. F. Lupishko, L. M. Dougherty, “Photopolarimetry of asteroids,” in Asteroids II, R. P. Binzel, T. Gehrels, M. S. Matthews, eds. (U. of Arizona Press, Tucson, Ariz., 1989), pp. 594–616.

Geake, J. E.

J. E. Geake, M. Geake, “A remote-sensing method for sub-wavelength grains on planetary surfaces by optical polarimetry,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 245, 46–55 (1990).

A. Dollfus, M. Wolff, J. E. Geake, D. F. Lupishko, L. M. Dougherty, “Photopolarimetry of asteroids,” in Asteroids II, R. P. Binzel, T. Gehrels, M. S. Matthews, eds. (U. of Arizona Press, Tucson, Ariz., 1989), pp. 594–616.

Geake, M.

J. E. Geake, M. Geake, “A remote-sensing method for sub-wavelength grains on planetary surfaces by optical polarimetry,” Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc. 245, 46–55 (1990).

Geissler, P.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Greeley, R.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Greenberg, R.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Head, J. W.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Helfenstein, P.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hovenier, J. W.

J. W. Hovenier, C. V. M. van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983).

Jones, T.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Klaasen, K.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Klemaszewski, J.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kravtsov, Yu. A.

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering in optics,” in Progress in Optics XXIX, E. Wolf., ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1991), pp. 65–197.

Lagendijk, A.

A. Lagendijk, B. A. van Tiggelen, “Resonant multiple scattering of light,” Phys. Rep. 270, 143–215 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Albada, M. B. van der Mark, A. Lagendijk, “Polarization effects in weak localization of light,” J. Phys. D 21, S28–S31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Luck, J. M.

E. Amic, J. M. Luck, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple Rayleigh scattering of electromagnetic waves,” J. Phys. I 7, 445–483 (1997).

E. Amic, J. M. Luck, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Anisotropic multiple scattering in diffusive media,” J. Phys. A. Math. Gen. 29, 4915–4955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lupishko, D. F.

A. Dollfus, M. Wolff, J. E. Geake, D. F. Lupishko, L. M. Dougherty, “Photopolarimetry of asteroids,” in Asteroids II, R. P. Binzel, T. Gehrels, M. S. Matthews, eds. (U. of Arizona Press, Tucson, Ariz., 1989), pp. 594–616.

Lyot, B.

B. Lyot, “Research on the polarization of light from planets and from some terrestial substances,” (NASA, Washington, D.C., 1964).

Magee, K.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

McEwen, A.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mishchenko, M. I.

V. K. Rosenbush, V. V. Avramchuk, A. E. Rosenbush, M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarization properties of the Galilean satellites of Jupiter: observations and preliminary analysis,” Astrophys. J. 487, 402–414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Diffuse and coherent backscattering by discrete random media. 1. Radar reflectivity, polarization ratios, and enhancement factors for a half-space of polydisperse, nonabsorbing and absorbing spherical particles,” J. Quant. Spectrosc. Radiat. Transf. 56, 673–702 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “On the nature of the polarization opposition effect exhibited by Saturn’s rings,” Astrophys. J. 411, 351–361 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Mishchenko, “Enhanced backscattering of polarized light from discrete random media: calculations in exactly the backscattering direction,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 978–982 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Neukum, G.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nieuwenhuizen, Th. M.

M. C. W. van Rossum, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple scattering of classical waves: microscopy, mesoscopy, and diffusion,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 313–371 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Amic, J. M. Luck, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple Rayleigh scattering of electromagnetic waves,” J. Phys. I 7, 445–483 (1997).

E. Amic, J. M. Luck, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Anisotropic multiple scattering in diffusive media,” J. Phys. A. Math. Gen. 29, 4915–4955 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ozrin, V. D.

V. D. Ozrin, “Exact solution for coherent backscattering of polarized light from a random medium of Rayleigh scatterers,” Waves Random Media 2, 141–164 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering in optics,” in Progress in Optics XXIX, E. Wolf., ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1991), pp. 65–197.

Phillips, C.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rappalardo, R. T.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rosenbush, A. E.

V. K. Rosenbush, V. V. Avramchuk, A. E. Rosenbush, M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarization properties of the Galilean satellites of Jupiter: observations and preliminary analysis,” Astrophys. J. 487, 402–414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rosenbush, V. K.

V. K. Rosenbush, V. V. Avramchuk, A. E. Rosenbush, M. I. Mishchenko, “Polarization properties of the Galilean satellites of Jupiter: observations and preliminary analysis,” Astrophys. J. 487, 402–414 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Saichev, A. I.

Yu. N. Barabanenkov, Yu. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, “Enhanced backscattering in optics,” in Progress in Optics XXIX, E. Wolf., ed. (Elsevier, Amsterdam, 1991), pp. 65–197.

Shkuratov, Yu. G.

Yu. G. Shkuratov, “Interference model of the negative polarization of light scattered by the solid surfaces of celestial bodies,” Astron. Vestnik 25, 152–161 (1991).

Sullivan, R.

P. Helfenstein, N. Currier, B. E. Clark, J. Veverka, M. Bell, R. Sullivan, J. Klemaszewski, R. Greeley, R. T. Rappalardo, J. W. Head, T. Jones, K. Klaasen, K. Magee, P. Geissler, R. Greenberg, A. McEwen, C. Phillips, T. Colvin, M. Davies, T. Denk, G. Neukum, M. J. S. Belton, “Galileo observations of Europa’s opposition effect,” Icarus 135, 41–63 (1998).
[CrossRef]

van Albada, M. P.

M. P. van Albada, M. B. van der Mark, A. Lagendijk, “Polarization effects in weak localization of light,” J. Phys. D 21, S28–S31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

van der Mark, M. B.

M. P. van Albada, M. B. van der Mark, A. Lagendijk, “Polarization effects in weak localization of light,” J. Phys. D 21, S28–S31 (1988).
[CrossRef]

van der Mee, C. V. M.

J. W. Hovenier, C. V. M. van der Mee, “Fundamental relationships relevant to the transfer of polarized light in a scattering atmosphere,” Astron. Astrophys. 128, 1–16 (1983).

van Rossum, M. C. W.

M. C. W. van Rossum, Th. M. Nieuwenhuizen, “Multiple scattering of classical waves: microscopy, mesoscopy, and diffusion,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 71, 313–371 (1999).
[CrossRef]

van Tiggelen, B. A.

A. Lagendijk, B. A. van Tiggelen, “Resonant multiple scattering of light,” Phys. Rep. 270, 143–215 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Veverka, J.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Theoretical angular profiles of the intensity enhancement factor and the degree of linear polarization of the reflected light for a half-space of nonabsorbing Rayleigh particles illuminated by an unpolarized beam of light incident normally to the boundary of the scattering medium.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Polarization measurements for a particulate surface composed of microscopic magnesia particles (squares) and best-fit theoretical computations (solid curve).

Equations (13)

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IQUV=1πS11(α)S12(α)00S12(α)S22(α)0000S33(α)0000S44(α) I0Q0U0V0,
S(α)=S1(α)+SL(α)+SC(α),
S1(α)S1(0)=3161000010000-10000-1,
SL(α)SL(0)=14γ11(0)+γ12(0)0000γ11(0)-γ12(0)0000γ12(0)-γ11(0)0000γ44(0)-S1(0),
SC(α)SC(q)=S11C(q)S12C(q)00S12C(q)S22C(q)0000S33C(q)0000S44C(q)-S1(0),
S11C(q)=18[γ11(q)+γ22(q)-γ33(q)+γ44(q)],
S22C(q)=18[γ11(q)+γ22(q)+γ33(q)-γ44(q)],
S33C(q)=18[γ33(q)+γ44(q)]-14γ12(q),
S44C(q)=18[γ33(q)+γ44(q)]+14γ12(q),
S12C(q)=18[γ11(q)-γ22(q)].
ζ(α)=S111(0)+S11L(0)+S11C(q)S111(0)+S11L(0).
P(α)=-Q(α)I(α)=-S12C(q)S111(0)+S11L(0)+S11C(q).
αζ0.597kl.

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