Abstract

We describe the transmission characteristics of periodic magneto-optical and dielectric multilayer films under a variable magnetic field. The transmission characteristics of the films vary, depending on the magnetically induced permittivity in the magneto-optical layer. The films transmit or reflect light according to whether the magnetic field is on or off, which means that they work as an optical switch driven by the magnetic field. The transmittance and the Faraday rotation of the films depend on the magnetization, which indicates that the films operate as magnetic-field sensors.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. M. Inoue, T. Fujii, “A theoretical analysis of the magneto-optical Faraday effect of YIG films with random multilayer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5659–5661 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Inoue, T. Fujii, “Huge enhancement of the magneto-optical Faraday effect of films with disordered multilayer structures supporting the localization of light,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 21, 187–192 (1997) (in Japanese).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Information is available from S. Sakaguchi and N. Sugimoto at the address on the title page.
  4. M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1970).
  5. P. Hansen, J.-P. Krumme, “Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of garnet films,” Thin Solid Films 114, 69–107 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. F. Dillon, S. D. Albiston, V. J. Fratello, “Magneto-optical rotation of PrIG and NdIG,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 11, Suppl S1, 241–244 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. T. Kohli, “The Faraday effect in glasses containing rare earths,” Key Eng. Mater. 94–95, 125–140 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985).
  9. T. Hattori, N. Tsurumachi, H. Nakatsuka, “Analysis of optical nonlinearity by defect states in one-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 348–355 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. S. Nagaoka, “Fabrication of micro-pipes and their applications to single-mode fiber switching and splicing,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E80-C, 280–284 (1997).
  11. M. N. Deeter, S. Milian Bon, G. W. Day, G. Diercks, S. Samuelson, “Novel bulk iron garanets for magneto-optic magnetic field sensing,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 30, 4465–4466 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. O. Kamada, H. Minemoto, N. Itoh, “Magneto-optical properties of (BiGdY)3Fe5O12 for optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 6801–6803 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. Itoh, H. Minemoto, D. Ishio, S. Ishizuka, “Improvement of the linearity of optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 19, 209–212 (1995); (in Japanese).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Bosselmann, “Electric and magnetic field sensing for high voltage applications,” in Micro-optical Technologies for Measurement, Sensors, and Microsystems and Optical Fiber Sensor Technologies and Applications, M. Breidne, B. Culshaw, E. Kley, O. M. Parriaux, eds., Proc. SPIE3099, 305–316 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

1997 (4)

M. Inoue, T. Fujii, “A theoretical analysis of the magneto-optical Faraday effect of YIG films with random multilayer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5659–5661 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Inoue, T. Fujii, “Huge enhancement of the magneto-optical Faraday effect of films with disordered multilayer structures supporting the localization of light,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 21, 187–192 (1997) (in Japanese).
[CrossRef]

T. Hattori, N. Tsurumachi, H. Nakatsuka, “Analysis of optical nonlinearity by defect states in one-dimensional photonic crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 348–355 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Nagaoka, “Fabrication of micro-pipes and their applications to single-mode fiber switching and splicing,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E80-C, 280–284 (1997).

1995 (1)

N. Itoh, H. Minemoto, D. Ishio, S. Ishizuka, “Improvement of the linearity of optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 19, 209–212 (1995); (in Japanese).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

M. N. Deeter, S. Milian Bon, G. W. Day, G. Diercks, S. Samuelson, “Novel bulk iron garanets for magneto-optic magnetic field sensing,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 30, 4465–4466 (1994).
[CrossRef]

O. Kamada, H. Minemoto, N. Itoh, “Magneto-optical properties of (BiGdY)3Fe5O12 for optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 6801–6803 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. T. Kohli, “The Faraday effect in glasses containing rare earths,” Key Eng. Mater. 94–95, 125–140 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

J. F. Dillon, S. D. Albiston, V. J. Fratello, “Magneto-optical rotation of PrIG and NdIG,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 11, Suppl S1, 241–244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

P. Hansen, J.-P. Krumme, “Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of garnet films,” Thin Solid Films 114, 69–107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Albiston, S. D.

J. F. Dillon, S. D. Albiston, V. J. Fratello, “Magneto-optical rotation of PrIG and NdIG,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 11, Suppl S1, 241–244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Born, M.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1970).

Bosselmann, T.

T. Bosselmann, “Electric and magnetic field sensing for high voltage applications,” in Micro-optical Technologies for Measurement, Sensors, and Microsystems and Optical Fiber Sensor Technologies and Applications, M. Breidne, B. Culshaw, E. Kley, O. M. Parriaux, eds., Proc. SPIE3099, 305–316 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Day, G. W.

M. N. Deeter, S. Milian Bon, G. W. Day, G. Diercks, S. Samuelson, “Novel bulk iron garanets for magneto-optic magnetic field sensing,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 30, 4465–4466 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Deeter, M. N.

M. N. Deeter, S. Milian Bon, G. W. Day, G. Diercks, S. Samuelson, “Novel bulk iron garanets for magneto-optic magnetic field sensing,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 30, 4465–4466 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Diercks, G.

M. N. Deeter, S. Milian Bon, G. W. Day, G. Diercks, S. Samuelson, “Novel bulk iron garanets for magneto-optic magnetic field sensing,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 30, 4465–4466 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Dillon, J. F.

J. F. Dillon, S. D. Albiston, V. J. Fratello, “Magneto-optical rotation of PrIG and NdIG,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 11, Suppl S1, 241–244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fratello, V. J.

J. F. Dillon, S. D. Albiston, V. J. Fratello, “Magneto-optical rotation of PrIG and NdIG,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 11, Suppl S1, 241–244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, T.

M. Inoue, T. Fujii, “A theoretical analysis of the magneto-optical Faraday effect of YIG films with random multilayer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5659–5661 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Inoue, T. Fujii, “Huge enhancement of the magneto-optical Faraday effect of films with disordered multilayer structures supporting the localization of light,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 21, 187–192 (1997) (in Japanese).
[CrossRef]

Hansen, P.

P. Hansen, J.-P. Krumme, “Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of garnet films,” Thin Solid Films 114, 69–107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, T.

Inoue, M.

M. Inoue, T. Fujii, “A theoretical analysis of the magneto-optical Faraday effect of YIG films with random multilayer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5659–5661 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Inoue, T. Fujii, “Huge enhancement of the magneto-optical Faraday effect of films with disordered multilayer structures supporting the localization of light,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 21, 187–192 (1997) (in Japanese).
[CrossRef]

Ishio, D.

N. Itoh, H. Minemoto, D. Ishio, S. Ishizuka, “Improvement of the linearity of optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 19, 209–212 (1995); (in Japanese).
[CrossRef]

Ishizuka, S.

N. Itoh, H. Minemoto, D. Ishio, S. Ishizuka, “Improvement of the linearity of optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 19, 209–212 (1995); (in Japanese).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, N.

N. Itoh, H. Minemoto, D. Ishio, S. Ishizuka, “Improvement of the linearity of optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 19, 209–212 (1995); (in Japanese).
[CrossRef]

O. Kamada, H. Minemoto, N. Itoh, “Magneto-optical properties of (BiGdY)3Fe5O12 for optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 6801–6803 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kamada, O.

O. Kamada, H. Minemoto, N. Itoh, “Magneto-optical properties of (BiGdY)3Fe5O12 for optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 6801–6803 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kohli, J. T.

J. T. Kohli, “The Faraday effect in glasses containing rare earths,” Key Eng. Mater. 94–95, 125–140 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Krumme, J.-P.

P. Hansen, J.-P. Krumme, “Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of garnet films,” Thin Solid Films 114, 69–107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Milian Bon, S.

M. N. Deeter, S. Milian Bon, G. W. Day, G. Diercks, S. Samuelson, “Novel bulk iron garanets for magneto-optic magnetic field sensing,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 30, 4465–4466 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Minemoto, H.

N. Itoh, H. Minemoto, D. Ishio, S. Ishizuka, “Improvement of the linearity of optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 19, 209–212 (1995); (in Japanese).
[CrossRef]

O. Kamada, H. Minemoto, N. Itoh, “Magneto-optical properties of (BiGdY)3Fe5O12 for optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 6801–6803 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Nagaoka, S.

S. Nagaoka, “Fabrication of micro-pipes and their applications to single-mode fiber switching and splicing,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E80-C, 280–284 (1997).

Nakatsuka, H.

Samuelson, S.

M. N. Deeter, S. Milian Bon, G. W. Day, G. Diercks, S. Samuelson, “Novel bulk iron garanets for magneto-optic magnetic field sensing,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 30, 4465–4466 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tsurumachi, N.

Wolf, E.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1970).

IEEE Trans. Magn. (1)

M. N. Deeter, S. Milian Bon, G. W. Day, G. Diercks, S. Samuelson, “Novel bulk iron garanets for magneto-optic magnetic field sensing,” IEEE Trans. Magn. 30, 4465–4466 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEICE Trans. Electron. (1)

S. Nagaoka, “Fabrication of micro-pipes and their applications to single-mode fiber switching and splicing,” IEICE Trans. Electron. E80-C, 280–284 (1997).

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

O. Kamada, H. Minemoto, N. Itoh, “Magneto-optical properties of (BiGdY)3Fe5O12 for optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Appl. Phys. 75, 6801–6803 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Inoue, T. Fujii, “A theoretical analysis of the magneto-optical Faraday effect of YIG films with random multilayer structures,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 5659–5661 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. (3)

M. Inoue, T. Fujii, “Huge enhancement of the magneto-optical Faraday effect of films with disordered multilayer structures supporting the localization of light,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 21, 187–192 (1997) (in Japanese).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Dillon, S. D. Albiston, V. J. Fratello, “Magneto-optical rotation of PrIG and NdIG,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 11, Suppl S1, 241–244 (1987).
[CrossRef]

N. Itoh, H. Minemoto, D. Ishio, S. Ishizuka, “Improvement of the linearity of optical magnetic field sensors,” J. Magn. Soc. Jpn. 19, 209–212 (1995); (in Japanese).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Key Eng. Mater. (1)

J. T. Kohli, “The Faraday effect in glasses containing rare earths,” Key Eng. Mater. 94–95, 125–140 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films (1)

P. Hansen, J.-P. Krumme, “Magnetic and magneto-optical properties of garnet films,” Thin Solid Films 114, 69–107 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

E. D. Palik, ed., Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1985).

Information is available from S. Sakaguchi and N. Sugimoto at the address on the title page.

M. Born, E. Wolf, Principles of Optics (Pergamon, New York, 1970).

T. Bosselmann, “Electric and magnetic field sensing for high voltage applications,” in Micro-optical Technologies for Measurement, Sensors, and Microsystems and Optical Fiber Sensor Technologies and Applications, M. Breidne, B. Culshaw, E. Kley, O. M. Parriaux, eds., Proc. SPIE3099, 305–316 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Example of a multilayer film composed of alternating layers of magneto-optical and dielectric materials showing (top) the coordinate system for analysis and (bottom) a cross section of the film.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Plots of transmittance and Faraday rotation versus repetition number for multilayer films composed of Bi-YIG and SiO2 for the on and off magnetic field at a wavelength of 1.55 μm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Plots of transmittance and Faraday rotation versus repetition number for multilayer films composed of FR-5 and BK-7 for a magnetic field of 5 kG at a wavelength of 0.633 μm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Plots of transmittance and Faraday rotation versus relative magnetization for a multilayer film composed of Bi-YIG and SiO2 with a repetition number of 8.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Plots of transmittance and Faraday rotation versus magnetic-field intensity for a multilayer film composed of FR-5 and BK-7 with a repetition number of 48.

Equations (11)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Φ=[ΦMΦG]m[ΦMΦM][ΦGΦM]m,
exeyhxhyz=1111-i-iiiip-ip-inipp-pn-n×A1 exp(ikpz)A2 exp(-ikpz)A3 exp(iknz)A4 exp(-iknz),
ΦM=12 ap+aniap-ianbpp-bnni bpp+i bnn-iap+ianap+an-i bpp-i bnnbpp-bnn-pbp+nbn-ipbp-inbnap+aniap-ianipbp+inbn-pbp+nbn-iap+ianap+an,
ΦG=ag00ibg/g0ag-ibg/g00-igbgag0igbg00ag,
C300000C4000-C40C3000 exp[ik(z-z0-D)]exp[-ik(z-z0-D)]exp[ik(z-z0-D)]exp[-ik(z-z0-D)]z0+D
=Φ1C100000C2000C21-C100 exp[ik(z-z0)]exp[-ik(z-z0)]exp[ik(z-z0)]exp[-ik(z-z0)]z0,
Rx=|C1|2,Ry=|C2|2,
Tx=|C3|2,Ty=|C4|2,
θ=12 tan-12 Re(χ)1-|χ|2,
2=λ1π θFC,
2=λ1180 VH,

Metrics