Abstract

The problem of the relation between the phase function and the thin microrelief profile of diffractive optical elements is considered in detail through the nonparaxial scalar diffraction theory for the case of a curved substrate surface and an astigmatic incident beam. Local-plane-wave expansions are used to calculate a coefficient of proportionality between microrelief height and phase jump as a function of microrelief orientation and of local slope angles of the incident and the output beams. Nonuniform transition heights between 2π-phase zones of the microrelief are calculated. Analytical and numerical data are presented for examples of high-numerical-aperture diffractive lenses on plane, spherical, or aspherical substrate surfaces.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (10)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (42)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription