R. W. Ziolkowski, “The incorporation of microscopic material models into the FDTD approach for ultrafast optical pulse simulations,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 45, 375–391 (1997).

[CrossRef]

K. S. Yee, “Numerical solution of initial boundary value problems involving Maxwell’s equations in isotropic media,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. AP-14, 302–307 (1966).

J.-C. Diels, W. Rudolph, Ultrashort Laser Pulse Phenomena (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1996).

B. E. A. Saleh, M. C. Teich, Fundamental of Photonics (Wiley, New York, 1991), p. 787.

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1996), pp. 36–38.

Well known and organized examples are the following: R. Petit, ed., Electromagnetic Theory of Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1980); T. K. Gaylord, M. G. Moharam, “Analysis and applications of optical diffraction by gratings,” Proc. IEEE 73, 894–937 (1985); J. Turunen, F. Wyrowski, “Diffractive optics: from promise to fruition,” in Trends in Optics, A. Consortini, ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1996), Chap. 6, pp. 111–123.

[CrossRef]

Although semiconductor-based pulse lasers have much higher pulse frequencies, e.g., some reach several tens of GHz, their pulse durations are longer than 1 ps. See, for example, Abstracts of Fifth International Workshop on Femtosecond Technology (The Femtosecond Technology Research Association, Tsukuba, Japan, 1998).

J. Turunen, “Diffraction theory of microrelief gratings,” in Micro-Otics, H. P. Herzig, ed. (Taylor & Francis, London, 1997), Chap. 2, pp. 31–52.