J. T. Johnson, “A numerical study of low grazing angle backscatter from ocean-like impedance surfaces with the canonical grid method,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 114–120 (1998).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Awadallah, G. S. Brown, “Parabolic equation formulation via a singular perturbation technique and its application to scattering from irregular surfaces,” Waves Random Media 8, 315–328 (1998).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Donohue, H.-C. Ku, D. Thompson, “Application of iterative moment-method solutions to ocean surface radar scattering,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 121–132 (1998).

[CrossRef]

J. V. Toporkov, R. T. Marchand, G. S. Brown, “On the discretization of the integral equation describing scattering by rough conducting surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 150–161 (1998).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Kapp, G. S. Brown, “A new numerical method for rough surface scattering calculations,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 711–721 (1996).

[CrossRef]

L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, K. Pak, H. Sangani, “Monte-Carlo simulations of large-scale problems of random rough surface scattering and applications to grazing incidence with the BMIA/canonical grid method,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 851–859 (1995).

[CrossRef]

H. D. Ngo, C. L. Rino, “Application of beam simulation to scattering at low grazing angles. 1. Methodology and validation,” Radio Sci. 29, 1365–1379 (1994).

[CrossRef]

E. Thorsos, “Acoustic scattering from ‘Pierson–Moskowitz’ sea surface,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 88, 335–349 (1990).

[CrossRef]

E. Thorsos, “The validity of the Kirchhoff approximation for rough surface scattering using a Gaussian roughness spectrum,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 83, 78–92 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. J. Adams, B. A. Davis, G. S. Brown, “Scattering from a closed body above the rough surface using the method of ordered multiple interactions,” presented at the IEEE-APS International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Atlanta, Ga., June 21–26, 1998.

R. S. Awadallah, G. S. Brown, “Parabolic equation formulation via a singular perturbation technique and its application to scattering from irregular surfaces,” Waves Random Media 8, 315–328 (1998).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Awadallah, G. S. Brown, “Electromagnetic wave scattering from a rough surface in a surface-based duct created by a linear-square refractive index profile,” in Proceedings of the 1997 Battlespace Atmospherics Conference (Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego, Calif., 1998), pp. 519–528.

J. V. Toporkov, R. T. Marchand, G. S. Brown, “On the discretization of the integral equation describing scattering by rough conducting surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 150–161 (1998).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Awadallah, G. S. Brown, “Parabolic equation formulation via a singular perturbation technique and its application to scattering from irregular surfaces,” Waves Random Media 8, 315–328 (1998).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Kapp, G. S. Brown, “A new numerical method for rough surface scattering calculations,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 711–721 (1996).

[CrossRef]

R. T. Marchand, G. S. Brown, “On the use of finite surfaces in the numerical prediction of rough surface scattering,” submitted to IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.

R. S. Awadallah, G. S. Brown, “Electromagnetic wave scattering from a rough surface in a surface-based duct created by a linear-square refractive index profile,” in Proceedings of the 1997 Battlespace Atmospherics Conference (Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego, Calif., 1998), pp. 519–528.

R. J. Adams, B. A. Davis, G. S. Brown, “Scattering from a closed body above the rough surface using the method of ordered multiple interactions,” presented at the IEEE-APS International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Atlanta, Ga., June 21–26, 1998.

L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, K. Pak, H. Sangani, “Monte-Carlo simulations of large-scale problems of random rough surface scattering and applications to grazing incidence with the BMIA/canonical grid method,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 851–859 (1995).

[CrossRef]

R. J. Adams, B. A. Davis, G. S. Brown, “Scattering from a closed body above the rough surface using the method of ordered multiple interactions,” presented at the IEEE-APS International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Atlanta, Ga., June 21–26, 1998.

D. J. Donohue, H.-C. Ku, D. Thompson, “Application of iterative moment-method solutions to ocean surface radar scattering,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 121–132 (1998).

[CrossRef]

F. T. Ulaby, R. K. Moore, A. K. Fung, Microwave Remote Sensing: Active and Passive (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1986), Vol. 2, pp. 816–817.

I. S. Gradshteyn, I. M. Ryzhik, Tables of Integrals, Series, and Products (Academic, New York, 1994), pp. 354–355.

A. Ishimaru, Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Radiation and Scattering (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.1991), pp. 354–356.

J. T. Johnson, “A numerical study of low grazing angle backscatter from ocean-like impedance surfaces with the canonical grid method,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 114–120 (1998).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Kapp, G. S. Brown, “A new numerical method for rough surface scattering calculations,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 711–721 (1996).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Kapp, “A new method to calculate wave scattering from rough surfaces at low grazing angles,” Ph.D. dissertation (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va., 1995).

D. J. Donohue, H.-C. Ku, D. Thompson, “Application of iterative moment-method solutions to ocean surface radar scattering,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 121–132 (1998).

[CrossRef]

J. V. Toporkov, R. T. Marchand, G. S. Brown, “On the discretization of the integral equation describing scattering by rough conducting surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 150–161 (1998).

[CrossRef]

R. T. Marchand, “Numerical study on the validity of the quasi-specular and two-scale models for rough surface parameter estimation: one dimensional surfaces,” Ph.D. dissertation (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va., 1996), pp. 87–89.

R. T. Marchand, G. S. Brown, “On the use of finite surfaces in the numerical prediction of rough surface scattering,” submitted to IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.

F. T. Ulaby, R. K. Moore, A. K. Fung, Microwave Remote Sensing: Active and Passive (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1986), Vol. 2, pp. 816–817.

H. D. Ngo, C. L. Rino, “Application of beam simulation to scattering at low grazing angles. 1. Methodology and validation,” Radio Sci. 29, 1365–1379 (1994).

[CrossRef]

L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, K. Pak, H. Sangani, “Monte-Carlo simulations of large-scale problems of random rough surface scattering and applications to grazing incidence with the BMIA/canonical grid method,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 851–859 (1995).

[CrossRef]

H. D. Ngo, C. L. Rino, “Application of beam simulation to scattering at low grazing angles. 1. Methodology and validation,” Radio Sci. 29, 1365–1379 (1994).

[CrossRef]

I. S. Gradshteyn, I. M. Ryzhik, Tables of Integrals, Series, and Products (Academic, New York, 1994), pp. 354–355.

L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, K. Pak, H. Sangani, “Monte-Carlo simulations of large-scale problems of random rough surface scattering and applications to grazing incidence with the BMIA/canonical grid method,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 851–859 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Donohue, H.-C. Ku, D. Thompson, “Application of iterative moment-method solutions to ocean surface radar scattering,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 121–132 (1998).

[CrossRef]

E. Thorsos, “Acoustic scattering from ‘Pierson–Moskowitz’ sea surface,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 88, 335–349 (1990).

[CrossRef]

E. Thorsos, “The validity of the Kirchhoff approximation for rough surface scattering using a Gaussian roughness spectrum,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 83, 78–92 (1988).

[CrossRef]

J. V. Toporkov, R. T. Marchand, G. S. Brown, “On the discretization of the integral equation describing scattering by rough conducting surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 150–161 (1998).

[CrossRef]

J. V. Toporkov, “Study of electromagnetic scattering from randomly rough ocean-like surfaces using integral-equation-based numerical technique,” Ph.D. dissertation (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va., 1998), pp. 123–178.

L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, K. Pak, H. Sangani, “Monte-Carlo simulations of large-scale problems of random rough surface scattering and applications to grazing incidence with the BMIA/canonical grid method,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 851–859 (1995).

[CrossRef]

F. T. Ulaby, R. K. Moore, A. K. Fung, Microwave Remote Sensing: Active and Passive (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1986), Vol. 2, pp. 816–817.

D. A. Kapp, G. S. Brown, “A new numerical method for rough surface scattering calculations,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 44, 711–721 (1996).

[CrossRef]

L. Tsang, C. H. Chan, K. Pak, H. Sangani, “Monte-Carlo simulations of large-scale problems of random rough surface scattering and applications to grazing incidence with the BMIA/canonical grid method,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 43, 851–859 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. T. Johnson, “A numerical study of low grazing angle backscatter from ocean-like impedance surfaces with the canonical grid method,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 114–120 (1998).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Donohue, H.-C. Ku, D. Thompson, “Application of iterative moment-method solutions to ocean surface radar scattering,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 121–132 (1998).

[CrossRef]

J. V. Toporkov, R. T. Marchand, G. S. Brown, “On the discretization of the integral equation describing scattering by rough conducting surfaces,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 46, 150–161 (1998).

[CrossRef]

E. Thorsos, “Acoustic scattering from ‘Pierson–Moskowitz’ sea surface,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 88, 335–349 (1990).

[CrossRef]

E. Thorsos, “The validity of the Kirchhoff approximation for rough surface scattering using a Gaussian roughness spectrum,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 83, 78–92 (1988).

[CrossRef]

H. D. Ngo, C. L. Rino, “Application of beam simulation to scattering at low grazing angles. 1. Methodology and validation,” Radio Sci. 29, 1365–1379 (1994).

[CrossRef]

R. S. Awadallah, G. S. Brown, “Parabolic equation formulation via a singular perturbation technique and its application to scattering from irregular surfaces,” Waves Random Media 8, 315–328 (1998).

[CrossRef]

R. T. Marchand, G. S. Brown, “On the use of finite surfaces in the numerical prediction of rough surface scattering,” submitted to IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag.

R. S. Awadallah, G. S. Brown, “Electromagnetic wave scattering from a rough surface in a surface-based duct created by a linear-square refractive index profile,” in Proceedings of the 1997 Battlespace Atmospherics Conference (Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center, San Diego, Calif., 1998), pp. 519–528.

D. A. Kapp, “A new method to calculate wave scattering from rough surfaces at low grazing angles,” Ph.D. dissertation (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va., 1995).

R. T. Marchand, “Numerical study on the validity of the quasi-specular and two-scale models for rough surface parameter estimation: one dimensional surfaces,” Ph.D. dissertation (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va., 1996), pp. 87–89.

A. Ishimaru, Electromagnetic Wave Propagation, Radiation and Scattering (Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J.1991), pp. 354–356.

F. T. Ulaby, R. K. Moore, A. K. Fung, Microwave Remote Sensing: Active and Passive (Artech House, Norwood, Mass., 1986), Vol. 2, pp. 816–817.

I. S. Gradshteyn, I. M. Ryzhik, Tables of Integrals, Series, and Products (Academic, New York, 1994), pp. 354–355.

J. V. Toporkov, “Study of electromagnetic scattering from randomly rough ocean-like surfaces using integral-equation-based numerical technique,” Ph.D. dissertation (Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Va., 1998), pp. 123–178.

R. J. Adams, B. A. Davis, G. S. Brown, “Scattering from a closed body above the rough surface using the method of ordered multiple interactions,” presented at the IEEE-APS International Symposium and USNC/URSI National Radio Science Meeting, Atlanta, Ga., June 21–26, 1998.