Abstract

The capacity of the isolated chromatic system to perceive global motion was tested in a 40-deg visual field by use of random-dot kinematograms. The method of equivalent cone contrasts was used to directly compare the chromatic and the achromatic systems. The minimum number of dots necessary to correctly identify the motion direction was on the order of 20% for the isochromatic conditions, whereas thresholds were rarely obtained in the chromatic conditions. For both the isochromatic and the chromatic conditions, the central visual field was the most sensitive area, whereas the periphery was slightly less sensitive. This study suggests that the chromatic system does not efficiently integrate local motion cues to generate a global motion percept.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Cavanagh, S. M. Anstis, “The contribution of color to motion in normals and color-deficient observers,” Vision Res. 31, 2109–2148 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Cavanagh, J. Boeglin, O. E. Favreau, “Perception of motion in equiluminous kinematograms,” Perception 14, 151–162 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. P. Cavanagh, O. E. Favreau, “Color and luminance share a common motion pathway,” Vision Res. 25, 1595–1601 (1985).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. S. J. Cropper, A. M. Derrington, “Rapid colour-specific detection of motion in human vision,” Nature (London) 379, 72–74 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. Gorea, T. V. Papathomas, “Motion processing by chromatic and achromatic visual pathways,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 590–602 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. V. Papathomas, A. Gorea, B. Julesz, “Two carriers for motion perception: color and luminance,” Vision Res. 31, 1883–1891 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. Bilodeau, J. Faubert, “Isoluminance and chromatic motion perception throughout the visual field,” Vision Res. 37, 2073–2081 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. Cavanagh, C. W. Tyler, O. E. Favreau, “Perceived velocity of moving chromatic gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 893–899 (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. M. A. Webster, J. D. Mollon, “Motion minima for different directions in color space,” Vision Res. 37, 1479–1498 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. T. Mullen, J. C. Boulton, “Absence of smooth motion perception in color vision,” Vision Res. 32, 483–488 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Krauskopf, B. Farell, “Influence of colour on the perception of coherent motion,” Nature (London) 348, 328–331 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. J. Cropper, K. T. Mullen, D. R. Badcock, “Motion coherence across different chromatic axes,” Vision Res. 36, 2475–2488 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. S. N. J. Watamaniuk, R. Sekuler, D. W. Williams, “Direction perception in complex dynamic displays: the integration of direction information,” Vision Res. 29, 47–59 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. M. Edwards, D. R. Badcock, “Global motion perception: interactions of chromatic and luminance signals,” Vision Res. 36, 2423–2431 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. Faubert, “Colour induced stereopsis in images with achromatic information and only one other colour,” Vision Res. 35, 3161–3167 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. J. Faubert, “Seeing depth in colour: more than just what meets the eyes,” Vision Res. 34, 1165–1186 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. V. C. Smith, J. Pokorny, “Spectral sensitivity of the foveal cone photopigments between 400 and 500 nm,” Vision Res. 15, 161–171 (1975).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. F. H. Previc, “Functional specialization in the lower and upper visual fields in humans: its ecological origins and neurophysiological implications,” Behav. Brain Res. 13, 519–565 (1990).
  20. M. Edwards, D. R. Badcock, “Asymmetries in the sensitivity to motion in depth: a centripetal bias,” Perception 22, 1013–1023 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

L. Bilodeau, J. Faubert, “Isoluminance and chromatic motion perception throughout the visual field,” Vision Res. 37, 2073–2081 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Webster, J. D. Mollon, “Motion minima for different directions in color space,” Vision Res. 37, 1479–1498 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (3)

S. J. Cropper, A. M. Derrington, “Rapid colour-specific detection of motion in human vision,” Nature (London) 379, 72–74 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Cropper, K. T. Mullen, D. R. Badcock, “Motion coherence across different chromatic axes,” Vision Res. 36, 2475–2488 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Edwards, D. R. Badcock, “Global motion perception: interactions of chromatic and luminance signals,” Vision Res. 36, 2423–2431 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

J. Faubert, “Colour induced stereopsis in images with achromatic information and only one other colour,” Vision Res. 35, 3161–3167 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (2)

1993 (1)

M. Edwards, D. R. Badcock, “Asymmetries in the sensitivity to motion in depth: a centripetal bias,” Perception 22, 1013–1023 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (1)

K. T. Mullen, J. C. Boulton, “Absence of smooth motion perception in color vision,” Vision Res. 32, 483–488 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (2)

P. Cavanagh, S. M. Anstis, “The contribution of color to motion in normals and color-deficient observers,” Vision Res. 31, 2109–2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

T. V. Papathomas, A. Gorea, B. Julesz, “Two carriers for motion perception: color and luminance,” Vision Res. 31, 1883–1891 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (2)

F. H. Previc, “Functional specialization in the lower and upper visual fields in humans: its ecological origins and neurophysiological implications,” Behav. Brain Res. 13, 519–565 (1990).

J. Krauskopf, B. Farell, “Influence of colour on the perception of coherent motion,” Nature (London) 348, 328–331 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

S. N. J. Watamaniuk, R. Sekuler, D. W. Williams, “Direction perception in complex dynamic displays: the integration of direction information,” Vision Res. 29, 47–59 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gorea, T. V. Papathomas, “Motion processing by chromatic and achromatic visual pathways,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 590–602 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (2)

P. Cavanagh, J. Boeglin, O. E. Favreau, “Perception of motion in equiluminous kinematograms,” Perception 14, 151–162 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Cavanagh, O. E. Favreau, “Color and luminance share a common motion pathway,” Vision Res. 25, 1595–1601 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

1975 (1)

V. C. Smith, J. Pokorny, “Spectral sensitivity of the foveal cone photopigments between 400 and 500 nm,” Vision Res. 15, 161–171 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anstis, S. M.

P. Cavanagh, S. M. Anstis, “The contribution of color to motion in normals and color-deficient observers,” Vision Res. 31, 2109–2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Badcock, D.

Badcock, D. R.

S. J. Cropper, K. T. Mullen, D. R. Badcock, “Motion coherence across different chromatic axes,” Vision Res. 36, 2475–2488 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Edwards, D. R. Badcock, “Global motion perception: interactions of chromatic and luminance signals,” Vision Res. 36, 2423–2431 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Edwards, D. R. Badcock, “Asymmetries in the sensitivity to motion in depth: a centripetal bias,” Perception 22, 1013–1023 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bilodeau, L.

L. Bilodeau, J. Faubert, “Isoluminance and chromatic motion perception throughout the visual field,” Vision Res. 37, 2073–2081 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boeglin, J.

P. Cavanagh, J. Boeglin, O. E. Favreau, “Perception of motion in equiluminous kinematograms,” Perception 14, 151–162 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boulton, J. C.

K. T. Mullen, J. C. Boulton, “Absence of smooth motion perception in color vision,” Vision Res. 32, 483–488 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cavanagh, P.

P. Cavanagh, S. M. Anstis, “The contribution of color to motion in normals and color-deficient observers,” Vision Res. 31, 2109–2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

P. Cavanagh, O. E. Favreau, “Color and luminance share a common motion pathway,” Vision Res. 25, 1595–1601 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Cavanagh, J. Boeglin, O. E. Favreau, “Perception of motion in equiluminous kinematograms,” Perception 14, 151–162 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Cavanagh, C. W. Tyler, O. E. Favreau, “Perceived velocity of moving chromatic gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 893–899 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cropper, S. J.

S. J. Cropper, K. T. Mullen, D. R. Badcock, “Motion coherence across different chromatic axes,” Vision Res. 36, 2475–2488 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Cropper, A. M. Derrington, “Rapid colour-specific detection of motion in human vision,” Nature (London) 379, 72–74 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Cropper, D. Badcock, “Discriminating smooth from sampled motion: chromatic and luminance stimuli,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11, 515–530 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Derrington, A. M.

S. J. Cropper, A. M. Derrington, “Rapid colour-specific detection of motion in human vision,” Nature (London) 379, 72–74 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, M.

M. Edwards, D. R. Badcock, “Global motion perception: interactions of chromatic and luminance signals,” Vision Res. 36, 2423–2431 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Edwards, D. R. Badcock, “Asymmetries in the sensitivity to motion in depth: a centripetal bias,” Perception 22, 1013–1023 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Farell, B.

J. Krauskopf, B. Farell, “Influence of colour on the perception of coherent motion,” Nature (London) 348, 328–331 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Faubert, J.

L. Bilodeau, J. Faubert, “Isoluminance and chromatic motion perception throughout the visual field,” Vision Res. 37, 2073–2081 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faubert, “Colour induced stereopsis in images with achromatic information and only one other colour,” Vision Res. 35, 3161–3167 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faubert, “Seeing depth in colour: more than just what meets the eyes,” Vision Res. 34, 1165–1186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Favreau, O. E.

P. Cavanagh, O. E. Favreau, “Color and luminance share a common motion pathway,” Vision Res. 25, 1595–1601 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Cavanagh, J. Boeglin, O. E. Favreau, “Perception of motion in equiluminous kinematograms,” Perception 14, 151–162 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Cavanagh, C. W. Tyler, O. E. Favreau, “Perceived velocity of moving chromatic gratings,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 893–899 (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gorea, A.

T. V. Papathomas, A. Gorea, B. Julesz, “Two carriers for motion perception: color and luminance,” Vision Res. 31, 1883–1891 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gorea, T. V. Papathomas, “Motion processing by chromatic and achromatic visual pathways,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 590–602 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Julesz, B.

T. V. Papathomas, A. Gorea, B. Julesz, “Two carriers for motion perception: color and luminance,” Vision Res. 31, 1883–1891 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krauskopf, J.

J. Krauskopf, B. Farell, “Influence of colour on the perception of coherent motion,” Nature (London) 348, 328–331 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Mollon, J. D.

M. A. Webster, J. D. Mollon, “Motion minima for different directions in color space,” Vision Res. 37, 1479–1498 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mullen, K. T.

S. J. Cropper, K. T. Mullen, D. R. Badcock, “Motion coherence across different chromatic axes,” Vision Res. 36, 2475–2488 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. T. Mullen, J. C. Boulton, “Absence of smooth motion perception in color vision,” Vision Res. 32, 483–488 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Papathomas, T. V.

T. V. Papathomas, A. Gorea, B. Julesz, “Two carriers for motion perception: color and luminance,” Vision Res. 31, 1883–1891 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Gorea, T. V. Papathomas, “Motion processing by chromatic and achromatic visual pathways,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 590–602 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pokorny, J.

V. C. Smith, J. Pokorny, “Spectral sensitivity of the foveal cone photopigments between 400 and 500 nm,” Vision Res. 15, 161–171 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Previc, F. H.

F. H. Previc, “Functional specialization in the lower and upper visual fields in humans: its ecological origins and neurophysiological implications,” Behav. Brain Res. 13, 519–565 (1990).

Sekuler, R.

S. N. J. Watamaniuk, R. Sekuler, D. W. Williams, “Direction perception in complex dynamic displays: the integration of direction information,” Vision Res. 29, 47–59 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, V. C.

V. C. Smith, J. Pokorny, “Spectral sensitivity of the foveal cone photopigments between 400 and 500 nm,” Vision Res. 15, 161–171 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tyler, C. W.

Watamaniuk, S. N. J.

S. N. J. Watamaniuk, R. Sekuler, D. W. Williams, “Direction perception in complex dynamic displays: the integration of direction information,” Vision Res. 29, 47–59 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Webster, M. A.

M. A. Webster, J. D. Mollon, “Motion minima for different directions in color space,” Vision Res. 37, 1479–1498 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Williams, D. W.

S. N. J. Watamaniuk, R. Sekuler, D. W. Williams, “Direction perception in complex dynamic displays: the integration of direction information,” Vision Res. 29, 47–59 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Behav. Brain Res. (1)

F. H. Previc, “Functional specialization in the lower and upper visual fields in humans: its ecological origins and neurophysiological implications,” Behav. Brain Res. 13, 519–565 (1990).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (3)

Nature (London) (2)

J. Krauskopf, B. Farell, “Influence of colour on the perception of coherent motion,” Nature (London) 348, 328–331 (1990).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Cropper, A. M. Derrington, “Rapid colour-specific detection of motion in human vision,” Nature (London) 379, 72–74 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Perception (2)

P. Cavanagh, J. Boeglin, O. E. Favreau, “Perception of motion in equiluminous kinematograms,” Perception 14, 151–162 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Edwards, D. R. Badcock, “Asymmetries in the sensitivity to motion in depth: a centripetal bias,” Perception 22, 1013–1023 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vision Res. (12)

P. Cavanagh, O. E. Favreau, “Color and luminance share a common motion pathway,” Vision Res. 25, 1595–1601 (1985).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Cavanagh, S. M. Anstis, “The contribution of color to motion in normals and color-deficient observers,” Vision Res. 31, 2109–2148 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Webster, J. D. Mollon, “Motion minima for different directions in color space,” Vision Res. 37, 1479–1498 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. T. Mullen, J. C. Boulton, “Absence of smooth motion perception in color vision,” Vision Res. 32, 483–488 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. V. Papathomas, A. Gorea, B. Julesz, “Two carriers for motion perception: color and luminance,” Vision Res. 31, 1883–1891 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. Bilodeau, J. Faubert, “Isoluminance and chromatic motion perception throughout the visual field,” Vision Res. 37, 2073–2081 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Cropper, K. T. Mullen, D. R. Badcock, “Motion coherence across different chromatic axes,” Vision Res. 36, 2475–2488 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. N. J. Watamaniuk, R. Sekuler, D. W. Williams, “Direction perception in complex dynamic displays: the integration of direction information,” Vision Res. 29, 47–59 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Edwards, D. R. Badcock, “Global motion perception: interactions of chromatic and luminance signals,” Vision Res. 36, 2423–2431 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faubert, “Colour induced stereopsis in images with achromatic information and only one other colour,” Vision Res. 35, 3161–3167 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Faubert, “Seeing depth in colour: more than just what meets the eyes,” Vision Res. 34, 1165–1186 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. C. Smith, J. Pokorny, “Spectral sensitivity of the foveal cone photopigments between 400 and 500 nm,” Vision Res. 15, 161–171 (1975).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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