Abstract

Through the Rayleigh quotient (the ratio of intensity responses of a filter to different objects) we may generalize a great number of metrics used in optical pattern recognition. The Rayleigh quotient has been optimized in linear digital systems under the constraint of unit-energy filters. In optical pattern recognition at least two considerations violate the conditions under which the quotient has been digitally optimized: the noise background of the measurement invokes nonlinearity, and filters are constrained other than to unit energy. I show a solution that optimizes the ratio of biased measurements, subject to constraining filter values to arbitrary subsets of the complex plane. Previous solutions are discussed as special cases. A metric’s numerator and denominator may now both include the objects’ phase.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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Figures (6)

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Equations (40)

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Metrics

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