M. Ruzek, A. Orlowski, J. Mostowski, “Localization of light in three-dimensional random dielectric media,” Phys. Rev. E 53, 4122–4130 (1996).

[CrossRef]

B. Anderson, A. Brodsky, L. Burgess, “Threshold effects in light scattering from a binary diffraction grating,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 912–923 (1996).

[CrossRef]

P. Shelley, K. Booksh, L. Burgess, B. Kowalski, “Polymer film thickness determination with a high-precision scanning reflectometer,” Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 119–125 (1996).

[CrossRef]

H. Chou, W. V. Sorin, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity optical reflection measurements using white light interferometry,” Hewlett-Packard J.52–59 (February1993).

H. Izumita, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, I. Sankawa, “Fading noise reduction in coherent OTDR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 201–203 (1992).

[CrossRef]

K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, “Characteristics and reduction of coherent fading noise in Rayleigh backscattering measurements for optical fibers and components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 982–989 (1992).

[CrossRef]

F. Freud, M. Rosenbluh, S. Feng, “Memory effects in propagation of optical waves through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2328–2331 (1988);M. Tomita, K. Ikouri, “Influence of finite coherence length of incoming light on enhanced backscattering,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 3716–3719 (1991);A. McGuan, A. Muradudin, “Intensity correlation function for light elastically scattered from a randomly rough metallic grating,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 13160–13169 (1989);W. Sorin, D. Baney, “A simple intensity noise reduction technique for optical low coherence reflectometry,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1404–1406 (1992).

[CrossRef]

S. Feng, C. Kame, R. Lee, A. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. E. Wolf, G. Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in distorted media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985). This is one of the first experiments in which coherent backscattering was observed in a water suspension of polystyrene microspheres.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. Anderson, A. Brodsky, L. Burgess, “Threshold effects in light scattering from a binary diffraction grating,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 912–923 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. N. Barabanenkov, Y. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 29, pp. 67–190.

B. Anderson, A. Brodsky, L. Burgess, “Threshold effects in light scattering from a binary diffraction grating,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 912–923 (1996).

[CrossRef]

B. Anderson, A. Brodsky, L. Burgess, “Threshold effects in light scattering from a binary diffraction grating,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 912–923 (1996).

[CrossRef]

P. Shelley, K. Booksh, L. Burgess, B. Kowalski, “Polymer film thickness determination with a high-precision scanning reflectometer,” Appl. Spectrosc. 50, 119–125 (1996).

[CrossRef]

H. Chou, W. V. Sorin, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity optical reflection measurements using white light interferometry,” Hewlett-Packard J.52–59 (February1993).

F. Freud, M. Rosenbluh, S. Feng, “Memory effects in propagation of optical waves through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2328–2331 (1988);M. Tomita, K. Ikouri, “Influence of finite coherence length of incoming light on enhanced backscattering,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 3716–3719 (1991);A. McGuan, A. Muradudin, “Intensity correlation function for light elastically scattered from a randomly rough metallic grating,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 13160–13169 (1989);W. Sorin, D. Baney, “A simple intensity noise reduction technique for optical low coherence reflectometry,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1404–1406 (1992).

[CrossRef]

S. Feng, C. Kame, R. Lee, A. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

F. Freud, M. Rosenbluh, S. Feng, “Memory effects in propagation of optical waves through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2328–2331 (1988);M. Tomita, K. Ikouri, “Influence of finite coherence length of incoming light on enhanced backscattering,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 3716–3719 (1991);A. McGuan, A. Muradudin, “Intensity correlation function for light elastically scattered from a randomly rough metallic grating,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 13160–13169 (1989);W. Sorin, D. Baney, “A simple intensity noise reduction technique for optical low coherence reflectometry,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1404–1406 (1992).

[CrossRef]

H. Izumita, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, I. Sankawa, “Fading noise reduction in coherent OTDR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 201–203 (1992).

[CrossRef]

It is possible that IDUT(t) in some intervals of t is not a self-averaging quantity and obeys the log-normal or even a log–log-normal distribution law as in the case of electron reflectance in disordered media. See I. Lifshits, S. Gredeskul, L. Pastur, Introduction to the Theory of Disordered Systems (Wiley, New York, 1988), pp. 447–455.

K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, “Characteristics and reduction of coherent fading noise in Rayleigh backscattering measurements for optical fibers and components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 982–989 (1992).

[CrossRef]

H. Izumita, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, I. Sankawa, “Fading noise reduction in coherent OTDR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 201–203 (1992).

[CrossRef]

S. John, “The localization of light,” in Photonic Band Gaps and Localization, C. Soukoulis, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1993), pp. 1–22.

S. Feng, C. Kame, R. Lee, A. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Izumita, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, I. Sankawa, “Fading noise reduction in coherent OTDR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 201–203 (1992).

[CrossRef]

K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, “Characteristics and reduction of coherent fading noise in Rayleigh backscattering measurements for optical fibers and components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 982–989 (1992).

[CrossRef]

Y. N. Barabanenkov, Y. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 29, pp. 67–190.

S. Feng, C. Kame, R. Lee, A. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

It is possible that IDUT(t) in some intervals of t is not a self-averaging quantity and obeys the log-normal or even a log–log-normal distribution law as in the case of electron reflectance in disordered media. See I. Lifshits, S. Gredeskul, L. Pastur, Introduction to the Theory of Disordered Systems (Wiley, New York, 1988), pp. 447–455.

P. E. Wolf, G. Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in distorted media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985). This is one of the first experiments in which coherent backscattering was observed in a water suspension of polystyrene microspheres.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Ruzek, A. Orlowski, J. Mostowski, “Localization of light in three-dimensional random dielectric media,” Phys. Rev. E 53, 4122–4130 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Ruzek, A. Orlowski, J. Mostowski, “Localization of light in three-dimensional random dielectric media,” Phys. Rev. E 53, 4122–4130 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. N. Barabanenkov, Y. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 29, pp. 67–190.

It is possible that IDUT(t) in some intervals of t is not a self-averaging quantity and obeys the log-normal or even a log–log-normal distribution law as in the case of electron reflectance in disordered media. See I. Lifshits, S. Gredeskul, L. Pastur, Introduction to the Theory of Disordered Systems (Wiley, New York, 1988), pp. 447–455.

F. Freud, M. Rosenbluh, S. Feng, “Memory effects in propagation of optical waves through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2328–2331 (1988);M. Tomita, K. Ikouri, “Influence of finite coherence length of incoming light on enhanced backscattering,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 3716–3719 (1991);A. McGuan, A. Muradudin, “Intensity correlation function for light elastically scattered from a randomly rough metallic grating,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 13160–13169 (1989);W. Sorin, D. Baney, “A simple intensity noise reduction technique for optical low coherence reflectometry,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1404–1406 (1992).

[CrossRef]

M. Ruzek, A. Orlowski, J. Mostowski, “Localization of light in three-dimensional random dielectric media,” Phys. Rev. E 53, 4122–4130 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Y. N. Barabanenkov, Y. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 29, pp. 67–190.

H. Izumita, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, I. Sankawa, “Fading noise reduction in coherent OTDR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 201–203 (1992).

[CrossRef]

Ping Sheng, Introduction to Wave Scattering, Localization and Mesoscopic Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1995).

K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, “Characteristics and reduction of coherent fading noise in Rayleigh backscattering measurements for optical fibers and components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 982–989 (1992).

[CrossRef]

There are a number of publications in the astrophysical and geophysical literature concerned with the related problem of the phase effects in imaging after double passage through turbulence (random disorder) when the object studied is coherently illuminated. See a review by C. Solomon, “Double passing imaging through turbulence,” in Wave Propagation in Random Media, V. Tatarsky, A. Ishimaru, V. Zavorotny, eds. (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), pp. 200–215.

H. Chou, W. V. Sorin, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity optical reflection measurements using white light interferometry,” Hewlett-Packard J.52–59 (February1993).

S. Feng, C. Kame, R. Lee, A. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. E. Wolf, G. Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in distorted media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985). This is one of the first experiments in which coherent backscattering was observed in a water suspension of polystyrene microspheres.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

H. Chou, W. V. Sorin, “High-resolution and high-sensitivity optical reflection measurements using white light interferometry,” Hewlett-Packard J.52–59 (February1993).

H. Izumita, S. Furukawa, Y. Koyamada, I. Sankawa, “Fading noise reduction in coherent OTDR,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 201–203 (1992).

[CrossRef]

K. Shimizu, T. Horiguchi, Y. Koyamada, “Characteristics and reduction of coherent fading noise in Rayleigh backscattering measurements for optical fibers and components,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 982–989 (1992).

[CrossRef]

B. Anderson, A. Brodsky, L. Burgess, “Threshold effects in light scattering from a binary diffraction grating,” Phys. Rev. E 54, 912–923 (1996).

[CrossRef]

M. Ruzek, A. Orlowski, J. Mostowski, “Localization of light in three-dimensional random dielectric media,” Phys. Rev. E 53, 4122–4130 (1996).

[CrossRef]

F. Freud, M. Rosenbluh, S. Feng, “Memory effects in propagation of optical waves through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2328–2331 (1988);M. Tomita, K. Ikouri, “Influence of finite coherence length of incoming light on enhanced backscattering,” Phys. Rev. B 43, 3716–3719 (1991);A. McGuan, A. Muradudin, “Intensity correlation function for light elastically scattered from a randomly rough metallic grating,” Phys. Rev. B 39, 13160–13169 (1989);W. Sorin, D. Baney, “A simple intensity noise reduction technique for optical low coherence reflectometry,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 1404–1406 (1992).

[CrossRef]

P. E. Wolf, G. Maret, “Weak localization and coherent backscattering of photons in distorted media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 55, 2696–2699 (1985). This is one of the first experiments in which coherent backscattering was observed in a water suspension of polystyrene microspheres.

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Feng, C. Kame, R. Lee, A. Stone, “Correlations and fluctuations of coherent wave transmission through disordered media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 834–837 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. N. Barabanenkov, Y. A. Kravtsov, V. D. Ozrin, A. I. Saichev, in Progress in Optics, E. Wolf, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1991), Vol. 29, pp. 67–190.

It is possible that IDUT(t) in some intervals of t is not a self-averaging quantity and obeys the log-normal or even a log–log-normal distribution law as in the case of electron reflectance in disordered media. See I. Lifshits, S. Gredeskul, L. Pastur, Introduction to the Theory of Disordered Systems (Wiley, New York, 1988), pp. 447–455.

S. John, “The localization of light,” in Photonic Band Gaps and Localization, C. Soukoulis, ed. (Plenum, New York, 1993), pp. 1–22.

Ping Sheng, Introduction to Wave Scattering, Localization and Mesoscopic Phenomena (Academic, New York, 1995).

There are a number of publications in the astrophysical and geophysical literature concerned with the related problem of the phase effects in imaging after double passage through turbulence (random disorder) when the object studied is coherently illuminated. See a review by C. Solomon, “Double passing imaging through turbulence,” in Wave Propagation in Random Media, V. Tatarsky, A. Ishimaru, V. Zavorotny, eds. (SPIE Press, Bellingham, Wash., 1993), pp. 200–215.