Abstract

We introduce a model of multimodal waveguides with a finite number of sensor points. This is a finite oscillator whose eigenstates are Kravchuk functions, which are orthonormal on a finite set of points and satisfy a physically important difference equation. The fractional finite Fourier–Kravchuk transform is defined to self-reproduce these functions. The analysis of finite signal processing uses the representations of the ordinary rotation group SO(3). This leads naturally to a phase space for finite optics such that the continuum limit (N) reproduces Fourier paraxial optics.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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