Abstract

We demonstrate a close relationship between classical models from statistical physics and Markov random-field models for image labeling purposes. A picture is taken of a real image or map, defined by a measure of intensity over a set of pixels. Possible class (or gray-level) values are assigned to spin values in Potts theory. We present a continuous analysis of image relaxation by mean-field theory and apply it by using standard and extended Potts models. Accurate relaxation results were obtained with a specific deterministic method called mean-field fast annealing.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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