Abstract

By the principal-value decomposition process, we have obtained two linear bases for representing the spectral power distributions of illuminants, applicable for algorithms of color synthesis and analysis in artificial vision: one from experimental measurements of daylight and another combining both natural and artificial illuminants. The first basis adequately represents daylight with dimension 3, in accordance with the previous results of Judd et al. [J. Opt. Soc. Am. 54, 1031 (1964)]; however, it does not adequately represent artificial illuminants, even with a higher dimension. In the case of the second basis, many good results are obtained in the reconstruction of the spectral power distribution both of daylight and of artificial illuminants, including some fluorescent lights, with dimension 7 or even less. In consequence, we show the possibility of obtaining linear bases of a low dimension, even when the set of illuminants that we try to represent presents a certain variability in shape.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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