Abstract

Figures of merit for image quality are derived on the basis of the performance of mathematical observers on specific detection and estimation tasks. The tasks include detection of a known signal superimposed on a known background, detection of a known signal on a random background, estimation of Fourier coefficients of the object, and estimation of the integral of the object over a specified region of interest. The chosen observer for the detection tasks is the ideal linear discriminant, which we call the Hotelling observer. The figures of merit are based on the Fisher information matrix relevant to estimation of the Fourier coefficients and the closely related Fourier crosstalk matrix introduced earlier by Barrett and Gifford [ Phys. Med. Biol. 39, 451 ( 1994)]. A finite submatrix of the infinite Fisher information matrix is used to set Cramer–Rao lower bounds on the variances of the estimates of the first N Fourier coefficients. The figures of merit for detection tasks are shown to be closely related to the concepts of noise-equivalent quanta (NEQ) and generalized NEQ, originally derived for linear, shift-invariant imaging systems and stationary noise. Application of these results to the design of imaging systems is discussed.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (113)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription