Abstract

An electromagnetic analysis of diffraction by Fresnel linear zone plates ruled into a homogeneous or a stratified media is developed. It takes advantage of the new possibilities brought by the introduction of the R-matrix propagation algorithm into the theory of lamellar gratings, namely, the large increase of the stability domain of the numerical results. Thus a linear Fresnel zone plate can be delt with as a period of such a grating, and the diffracted field can be computed for both TE and TM polarizations. Numerical examples show the convergence of the method and study the focusing properties of positive and negative zone plates. The influence of different parameters such as incidence or number of lines is pointed out.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

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