Abstract

We introduce a model for the power spectrum of stratospheric turbulence that is based on data from in situ measurements and on results of the theory of saturated internal gravity waves. We then study the effect of that stratospheric turbulence on the scintillation and the coherence of starlight and on the degradation of star image. It is shown that, because the stratospheric phase structure function is approximately quadratic over a distance comparable with the aperture of a large telescope, stratospheric turbulence does not significantly degrade short-exposure images of star but does degrade long-exposure ones. The influence of stratosphere on star image degradation is more important in the IR than in the visible range because of the specific dependence of the stratospheric coherence radius on the light wavelength. Star image motion and blurring are determined by different characteristics of the atmosphere and cannot be explained solely on the basis of the Kolmogorov model. The modified astronomical imaging theory predicts greater improvement in resolution as the result of tilt removal than does a conventional theory.

© 1995 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (2)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Tables (1)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article tables are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (18)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription