Abstract

We extend the rigorous eigenmode theory of binary surface-relief gratings to accommodate three-dimensional-modulation profiles, to formulate a synthesis problem for doubly periodic resonance-domain diffractive elements, and to demonstrate some of the problem’s symmetry properties. Several solutions for multiple beam splitters with ~90% transmission-mode diffraction efficiency are obtained by nonlinear parametric optimization. The polarization sensitivity and the required fabrication accuracy are analyzed for some solutions.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

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