S. M. Flatté, G. Y. Wang, J. Martin, “Irradiance variance of optical waves through atmospheric turbulence by numerical simulation and comparison with experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2363–2370 (1993).

[CrossRef]

R. Dashen, G. Wang, S. M. Flatté, C. Bracher, “Moments of intensity and log intensity: new asymptotic results for waves in power-law media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1233–1242 (1993).

[CrossRef]

A. Consortini, F. Cochetti, J. H. Churnside, R. J. Hill, “Inner-scale effect on intensity variance measured for weak to strong atmospheric scintillation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2354–2362 (1993).

[CrossRef]

R. J. Hill, “Review of optical scintillation methods of measuring the refractive-index spectrum, inner scale and surface fluxes,” Waves Random Media 2, 179–201 (1992).

[CrossRef]

E. Rockower, “Quantum derivation of K-distributed noise for finite 〈N〉,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 730–734 (1988).

[CrossRef]

A. Giovannini, L. V. Hove, “Negative binomial properties and clan structure in multiplicity distributions,” Acta Phys. Pol. B 19, 495–510 (1988).

N. Ben-Yosef, E. Goldner, “Splitting-source model for the statistics of irradiance scintillations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 126–131 (1988).

[CrossRef]

J. Martin, S. Flatté, “Intensity images and statistics from numerical simulation of wave propagation in 3-D random media,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2111–2126 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Churnside, R. Hill, “Probability density of irradiance scintillations for strong path-integrated refractive turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 727–733 (1987).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Frehlich, “Intensity covariance of a point source in a random medium with a Kolmogorov spectrum and an inner scale of turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 360–366 (1987).

[CrossRef]

E. Jakeman, R. Tough, “Generalized K distribution: a statistical model for weak scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1764–1772 (1987).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Churnside, S. F. Clifford, “Log-normal Rician probability-density function of optical scintillations in the turbulent atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1923–1930 (1987).

[CrossRef]

R. Barakat, “Weak-scatter generalization of the K-density function with application to laser scattering in atmospheric turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 401–409 (1986).

[CrossRef]

L. Andrews, R. Phillips, “Mathematical genesis of the I–K distribution for random optical fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1912–1919 (1986).

[CrossRef]

T. E. Ewart, D. Percival, “Forward scattered waves in random media—the probability distribution of intensity,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 80, 1745–1753 (1986).

[CrossRef]

C. Macaskill, T. Ewart, “The probability distribution of intensity for acoustic propagation in a randomly varying ocean,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 76, 1466–1473 (1984).

[CrossRef]

E. Jakeman, “On the statistics of K-distributed noise,” J. Phys. A 13, 31–48 (1980).

[CrossRef]

S. Ong, P. Lee, “The non-central negative binomial distribution,” Biomed. J. 21, 611–627 (1979).

E. Jakeman, P. Pusey, “Significance of K distributions in scattering experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

[CrossRef]

A. Gurvich, M. Kallistratova, F. Martvel, “An investigation of strong fluctuations of light intensity in a turbulent medium at a small wave parameter,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 20, 705–714 (1977).

[CrossRef]

K. Furutsu, “Theory of irradiance distribution function in turbulent media—cluster approximation,” J. Math. Phys. 17, 1252–1263 (1976).

[CrossRef]

N. Yasuda, “The random-walk model of human migration,” Theor. Popul. Biol. 7, 156–167 (1975).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Gracheva, A. Gurvich, S. Lomadze, V. Pokasov, A. Khrupin, “Probability distribution of strong fluctuation of light intensity in the atmosphere,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 17, 83–87 (1974).

[CrossRef]

K. Goshelashvily, V. Shishov, “Saturated fluctuations in the laser radiation intensity in a turbulent medium,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 605–609 (1974).

V. Tatarskii, “Depolarization of light by turbulent atmospheric inhomogeneities,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 10, 987–988 (1967).

[CrossRef]

R. Dashen, G. Wang, S. M. Flatté, C. Bracher, “Moments of intensity and log intensity: new asymptotic results for waves in power-law media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1233–1242 (1993).

[CrossRef]

S. Flatté, C. Bracher, “Simulation of wave propagation in three-dimensional random media,” In Atmospheric, Volume and Surface Scattering and Propagation, A. Consortini, ed. (University of Florence, Florence, Italy, 1991), pp. 27–29.

A. Consortini, F. Cochetti, J. H. Churnside, R. J. Hill, “Inner-scale effect on intensity variance measured for weak to strong atmospheric scintillation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2354–2362 (1993).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Churnside, S. F. Clifford, “Log-normal Rician probability-density function of optical scintillations in the turbulent atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1923–1930 (1987).

[CrossRef]

T. Ewart, “A model of the intensity probability distribution for wave propagation in random media,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86, 1490–1498 (1989).

[CrossRef]

C. Macaskill, T. Ewart, “The probability distribution of intensity for acoustic propagation in a randomly varying ocean,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 76, 1466–1473 (1984).

[CrossRef]

T. E. Ewart, D. Percival, “Forward scattered waves in random media—the probability distribution of intensity,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 80, 1745–1753 (1986).

[CrossRef]

J. Martin, S. Flatté, “Simulation of point-source scintillation through three-dimensional random media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 838–847 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. Martin, S. Flatté, “Intensity images and statistics from numerical simulation of wave propagation in 3-D random media,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2111–2126 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Flatté, C. Bracher, “Simulation of wave propagation in three-dimensional random media,” In Atmospheric, Volume and Surface Scattering and Propagation, A. Consortini, ed. (University of Florence, Florence, Italy, 1991), pp. 27–29.

R. Dashen, G. Wang, S. M. Flatté, C. Bracher, “Moments of intensity and log intensity: new asymptotic results for waves in power-law media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1233–1242 (1993).

[CrossRef]

S. M. Flatté, G. Y. Wang, J. Martin, “Irradiance variance of optical waves through atmospheric turbulence by numerical simulation and comparison with experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2363–2370 (1993).

[CrossRef]

K. Furutsu, “Theory of irradiance distribution function in turbulent media—cluster approximation,” J. Math. Phys. 17, 1252–1263 (1976).

[CrossRef]

A. Giovannini, L. V. Hove, “Negative binomial properties and clan structure in multiplicity distributions,” Acta Phys. Pol. B 19, 495–510 (1988).

K. Goshelashvily, V. Shishov, “Saturated fluctuations in the laser radiation intensity in a turbulent medium,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 605–609 (1974).

M. Gracheva, A. Gurvich, S. Lomadze, V. Pokasov, A. Khrupin, “Probability distribution of strong fluctuation of light intensity in the atmosphere,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 17, 83–87 (1974).

[CrossRef]

A. Gurvich, M. Kallistratova, F. Martvel, “An investigation of strong fluctuations of light intensity in a turbulent medium at a small wave parameter,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 20, 705–714 (1977).

[CrossRef]

M. Gracheva, A. Gurvich, S. Lomadze, V. Pokasov, A. Khrupin, “Probability distribution of strong fluctuation of light intensity in the atmosphere,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 17, 83–87 (1974).

[CrossRef]

A. Consortini, F. Cochetti, J. H. Churnside, R. J. Hill, “Inner-scale effect on intensity variance measured for weak to strong atmospheric scintillation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2354–2362 (1993).

[CrossRef]

R. J. Hill, “Review of optical scintillation methods of measuring the refractive-index spectrum, inner scale and surface fluxes,” Waves Random Media 2, 179–201 (1992).

[CrossRef]

A. Giovannini, L. V. Hove, “Negative binomial properties and clan structure in multiplicity distributions,” Acta Phys. Pol. B 19, 495–510 (1988).

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Academic, New York, 1978).

E. Jakeman, R. Tough, “Generalized K distribution: a statistical model for weak scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1764–1772 (1987).

[CrossRef]

E. Jakeman, “Fresnel scattering by a corrugated random surface with fractal slope,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 72, 1034–1041 (1982).

[CrossRef]

E. Jakeman, “On the statistics of K-distributed noise,” J. Phys. A 13, 31–48 (1980).

[CrossRef]

E. Jakeman, P. Pusey, “Significance of K distributions in scattering experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

[CrossRef]

A. Gurvich, M. Kallistratova, F. Martvel, “An investigation of strong fluctuations of light intensity in a turbulent medium at a small wave parameter,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 20, 705–714 (1977).

[CrossRef]

M. Gracheva, A. Gurvich, S. Lomadze, V. Pokasov, A. Khrupin, “Probability distribution of strong fluctuation of light intensity in the atmosphere,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 17, 83–87 (1974).

[CrossRef]

S. Ong, P. Lee, “The non-central negative binomial distribution,” Biomed. J. 21, 611–627 (1979).

M. Gracheva, A. Gurvich, S. Lomadze, V. Pokasov, A. Khrupin, “Probability distribution of strong fluctuation of light intensity in the atmosphere,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 17, 83–87 (1974).

[CrossRef]

C. Macaskill, T. Ewart, “The probability distribution of intensity for acoustic propagation in a randomly varying ocean,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 76, 1466–1473 (1984).

[CrossRef]

S. M. Flatté, G. Y. Wang, J. Martin, “Irradiance variance of optical waves through atmospheric turbulence by numerical simulation and comparison with experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2363–2370 (1993).

[CrossRef]

J. Martin, S. Flatté, “Simulation of point-source scintillation through three-dimensional random media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 838–847 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. Martin, S. Flatté, “Intensity images and statistics from numerical simulation of wave propagation in 3-D random media,” Appl. Opt. 27, 2111–2126 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Gurvich, M. Kallistratova, F. Martvel, “An investigation of strong fluctuations of light intensity in a turbulent medium at a small wave parameter,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 20, 705–714 (1977).

[CrossRef]

S. Ong, P. Lee, “The non-central negative binomial distribution,” Biomed. J. 21, 611–627 (1979).

T. E. Ewart, D. Percival, “Forward scattered waves in random media—the probability distribution of intensity,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 80, 1745–1753 (1986).

[CrossRef]

M. Gracheva, A. Gurvich, S. Lomadze, V. Pokasov, A. Khrupin, “Probability distribution of strong fluctuation of light intensity in the atmosphere,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 17, 83–87 (1974).

[CrossRef]

E. Jakeman, P. Pusey, “Significance of K distributions in scattering experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

[CrossRef]

K. Goshelashvily, V. Shishov, “Saturated fluctuations in the laser radiation intensity in a turbulent medium,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 605–609 (1974).

V. Tatarskii, “Depolarization of light by turbulent atmospheric inhomogeneities,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 10, 987–988 (1967).

[CrossRef]

V. Tatarskii, The Effects of the Turbulent Atmosphere on Wave Propagation (National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1971).

N. Yasuda, “The random-walk model of human migration,” Theor. Popul. Biol. 7, 156–167 (1975).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Giovannini, L. V. Hove, “Negative binomial properties and clan structure in multiplicity distributions,” Acta Phys. Pol. B 19, 495–510 (1988).

S. Ong, P. Lee, “The non-central negative binomial distribution,” Biomed. J. 21, 611–627 (1979).

T. Ewart, “A model of the intensity probability distribution for wave propagation in random media,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 86, 1490–1498 (1989).

[CrossRef]

C. Macaskill, T. Ewart, “The probability distribution of intensity for acoustic propagation in a randomly varying ocean,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 76, 1466–1473 (1984).

[CrossRef]

T. E. Ewart, D. Percival, “Forward scattered waves in random media—the probability distribution of intensity,” J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 80, 1745–1753 (1986).

[CrossRef]

K. Furutsu, “Theory of irradiance distribution function in turbulent media—cluster approximation,” J. Math. Phys. 17, 1252–1263 (1976).

[CrossRef]

J. Martin, S. Flatté, “Simulation of point-source scintillation through three-dimensional random media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 7, 838–847 (1990).

[CrossRef]

S. M. Flatté, G. Y. Wang, J. Martin, “Irradiance variance of optical waves through atmospheric turbulence by numerical simulation and comparison with experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2363–2370 (1993).

[CrossRef]

R. Dashen, G. Wang, S. M. Flatté, C. Bracher, “Moments of intensity and log intensity: new asymptotic results for waves in power-law media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 1233–1242 (1993).

[CrossRef]

E. Jakeman, R. Tough, “Generalized K distribution: a statistical model for weak scattering,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1764–1772 (1987).

[CrossRef]

M. Teich, P. Diament, “Multiply stochastic representations for K distributions and their Poisson transforms,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 6, 80–91 (1989).

[CrossRef]

E. Rockower, “Quantum derivation of K-distributed noise for finite 〈N〉,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 730–734 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. Barakat, “Weak-scatter generalization of the K-density function with application to laser scattering in atmospheric turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 401–409 (1986).

[CrossRef]

J. H. Churnside, S. F. Clifford, “Log-normal Rician probability-density function of optical scintillations in the turbulent atmosphere,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 1923–1930 (1987).

[CrossRef]

N. Ben-Yosef, E. Goldner, “Splitting-source model for the statistics of irradiance scintillations,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 5, 126–131 (1988).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Frehlich, “Intensity covariance of a point source in a random medium with a Kolmogorov spectrum and an inner scale of turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 360–366 (1987).

[CrossRef]

L. Andrews, R. Phillips, “I–K distribution as a universal propagation model of laser beams in atmospheric turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 2, 160–163 (1985).

[CrossRef]

L. Andrews, R. Phillips, “Mathematical genesis of the I–K distribution for random optical fields,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 1912–1919 (1986).

[CrossRef]

J. Churnside, R. Hill, “Probability density of irradiance scintillations for strong path-integrated refractive turbulence,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4, 727–733 (1987).

[CrossRef]

A. Consortini, F. Cochetti, J. H. Churnside, R. J. Hill, “Inner-scale effect on intensity variance measured for weak to strong atmospheric scintillation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10, 2354–2362 (1993).

[CrossRef]

E. Jakeman, “On the statistics of K-distributed noise,” J. Phys. A 13, 31–48 (1980).

[CrossRef]

E. Jakeman, P. Pusey, “Significance of K distributions in scattering experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 40, 546–550 (1978).

[CrossRef]

V. Tatarskii, “Depolarization of light by turbulent atmospheric inhomogeneities,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 10, 987–988 (1967).

[CrossRef]

A. Gurvich, M. Kallistratova, F. Martvel, “An investigation of strong fluctuations of light intensity in a turbulent medium at a small wave parameter,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 20, 705–714 (1977).

[CrossRef]

M. Gracheva, A. Gurvich, S. Lomadze, V. Pokasov, A. Khrupin, “Probability distribution of strong fluctuation of light intensity in the atmosphere,” Radiophys. Quantum Electron. 17, 83–87 (1974).

[CrossRef]

K. Goshelashvily, V. Shishov, “Saturated fluctuations in the laser radiation intensity in a turbulent medium,” Sov. Phys. JETP 39, 605–609 (1974).

N. Yasuda, “The random-walk model of human migration,” Theor. Popul. Biol. 7, 156–167 (1975).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. J. Hill, “Review of optical scintillation methods of measuring the refractive-index spectrum, inner scale and surface fluxes,” Waves Random Media 2, 179–201 (1992).

[CrossRef]

S. Flatté, C. Bracher, “Simulation of wave propagation in three-dimensional random media,” In Atmospheric, Volume and Surface Scattering and Propagation, A. Consortini, ed. (University of Florence, Florence, Italy, 1991), pp. 27–29.

V. Tatarskii, The Effects of the Turbulent Atmosphere on Wave Propagation (National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Va., 1971).

A. Ishimaru, Wave Propagation and Scattering in Random Media (Academic, New York, 1978).