Abstract

The scalar three-dimensional optical transfer function is derived without using the paraxial approximation. The weak-object transfer function for a partially coherent system with equal condenser and objective apertures and the coherent transfer function for a confocal transmission system are of identical form. The coherent transfer function of a confocal reflection system is also derived. Both uniform angular illumination and systems obeying the sine condition are considered. In all cases the transfer functions can be expressed analytically.

© 1994 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
OSA Recommended Articles
Three-dimensional transfer functions in 4Pi confocal microscopes

Min Gu and C. J. R. Sheppard
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11(5) 1619-1627 (1994)

Three-dimensional coherent transfer function for a confocal microscope with two D-shaped pupils

Ke Si, Wei Gong, and Colin J. R. Sheppard
Appl. Opt. 48(5) 810-817 (2009)

Calculation of vectorial three-dimensional transfer functions in large-angle focusing systems

Andreas Schönle and Stefan W. Hell
J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19(10) 2121-2126 (2002)

References

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Citation lists with outbound citation links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Cited By

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Cited by links are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Figures (8)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Figure files are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Equations (31)

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Equations are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription

Metrics

You do not have subscription access to this journal. Article level metrics are available to subscribers only. You may subscribe either as an OSA member, or as an authorized user of your institution.

Contact your librarian or system administrator
or
Login to access OSA Member Subscription