Abstract

A numerically stable method is presented for the analysis of diffraction gratings of arbitrary profile, depth, and in conical mountings. It is based on the classical modal method and uses a stack of lamellar gratpermittivity to approximate an arbitrary profile. A numerical procedure known as the R-matrix propagation aling layers gorithm is used to propagate the modal fields through the layers. This procedure renders the implementation of this new method completely immune to the numerical instability that is associated with the conventional algorithm. Numerical examples including diffraction efficiencies of both dielectric and metallic propagation gratings of depths that range from subwavelength to hundreds of wavelengths are presented. Information about the convergence and the computation time of the method is also included.

© 1993 Optical Society of America

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