Abstract

Sensitivities of color-normal observers to temporal variations in stimulus luminance and chromaticity were measured for sine-wave stimuli between 1.5 and 20 Hz. Clear differences were found in observers’ sensitivities to isochromatic luminance variations and to isoluminous chromaticity variations for wavelength pairs selected to test temporal discriminability along the red–green and yellow–blue dimensions, respectively. Despite interobserver differences in individual red–green functions, a given observer’s sensitivity could be described by a single curve shape specific to that observer. Overall sensitivity for yellow–blue was less than that for red–green for all observers. Differences in curve shape between red–green and yellow–blue functions are found for individual observers, but group averages reveal that the differences are not systematic. Red–green temporal sensitivity is largely unaffected by adapting backgrounds in red–green equilibrium but is attenuated at low frequencies by nonequilibrium backgrounds of the same luminance. Isochromatic luminance sensitivity is largely independent of our adapting backgrounds, but heterochromatic luminance modulation functions undergo expected changes in form.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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