Abstract

Spectral sensitivity and wavelength discrimination are determined along the nasal horizontal meridian of the human peripheral retina. The target size as a function of eccentricity is varied according to a particular cortical magnification factor. Spectral sensitivity is measured by flicker photometry parameterized for the flicker frequency (10–20 Hz) and is found to be independent of the eccentricity (0–80°) for 20-Hz flicker photometry after correction of the foveal spectral sensitivity for macular pigment absorption. This 20-Hz function is chosen as being representative for the peripheral luminous-efficiency function and is used in the wavelength-discrimination experiments. The peripheral retina can perform wavelength discrimination up to an eccentricity of 80°. If field-size scaling according to the eccentricity-dependent cone density, the cortical magnification factor, or the reciprocal of the interganglion cell distance is applied, then wavelength-discrimination performance from 8° to 80° eccentricity is roughly the same. Foveal wavelength discrimination is considerably better than peripheral wavelength discrimination.

© 1984 Optical Society of America

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