Abstract

We show both theoretically and numerically that if an optical vortex beam has a symmetric or almost symmetric angular harmonics spectrum [orbital angular momentum (OAM) spectrum], then the order of the central harmonic in the OAM spectrum equals the normalized-to-power OAM of the beam. This means that an optical vortex beam with a symmetric OAM spectrum has the same topological charge and the normalized-to-power OAM has an optical vortex with only one central angular harmonic. For light fields with a symmetric OAM spectrum, we give a general expression in the form of a series. We also study two examples of form-invariant (structurally stable) vortex beams with their topological charges being infinite, while the normalized-to-power OAM is approximately equal to the topological charge of the central angular harmonic, contributing the most to the OAM of the entire beam.

© 2021 Optical Society of America

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