Abstract

The visual performance of a reference group (RG) using diffuser filters was compared to a cataract-diagnosed group (CatG). Measurements of straylight (SL) parameter, photopic contrast sensitivity (CS), and visual acuity (VA) were carried out in both groups. Before the analysis, the performance of the instruments used for this purpose was tested. The RG was comprised of three healthy, young eyes (25–30 years old) while 59 subjects (aged 50–80 years old) with lens opacities were recruited for the CatG. Six diffuser conditions were tested in the RG. To discriminate between light scattering levels, SL measurements proved to be most sensitive, VA did not discriminate at all, while CS showed intermediate sensitivity. VA was not correlated with SL, while the correlation between CS and SL was significant (p<0.05) in both groups. Since the correlation in the RG was particularly strong, parameters of a linear regression model are presented. The behavior of CS as a function of SL was comparable to some extent between RG and CatG.

© 2018 Optical Society of America

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References

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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]

2017 (1)

T. J. van den Berg, “The (lack of) relation between straylight and visual acuity. Two domains of the point-spread-function,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 37, 333–341 (2017).
[Crossref]

2015 (2)

E. J. Patterson, G. Bargary, and J. L. Barbur, “Understanding disability glare: light scatter and retinal illuminance as predictors of sensitivity to contrast,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 576–585 (2015).
[Crossref]

M. J. García-Martín, R. Giménez-Gómez, R. García-Catalán, M. A. Herrador, and J. M. Gallardo, “Variabilidad clínica en la cirugía de la catarata,” Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol. 90, 220–232 (2015).
[Crossref]

2013 (1)

J. Richman, G. L. Spaeth, and B. Wirostko, “Contrast sensitivity basics and a critique of currently available tests,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 39, 1100–1106 (2013).
[Crossref]

2012 (2)

A. Jinabhai, C. O’Donnell, H. Radhakrishnan, and V. Nourrit, “Forward light scatter and contrast sensitivity in keratoconic patients,” Contact Lens Anterior Eye 35, 22–27 (2012).
[Crossref]

I. J. E. van der Meulen, J. Gjertsen, B. Kruijt, J. P. Witmer, A. Rulo, R. O. Schlingemann, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Straylight measurements as an indication for cataract surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38, 840–848 (2012).
[Crossref]

2011 (2)

J. H. Shandiz, A. Derakhshan, A. Daneshyar, A. Azimi, H. O. Moghaddam, A. A. Yekta, S. H. H. Yazdi, and H. Esmaily, “Effect of cataract type and severity on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity,” J. Ophthalmic Vis. Res. 6, 26–31 (2011).

C. Owsley, “Aging and vision,” Vis. Res. 51, 1610–1622 (2011).
[Crossref]

2010 (3)

J. M. Quintana, I. Arostegui, T. Alberdi, A. Escobar, E. Perea, G. Navarro, B. Elizalde, E. Andradas, and I.-C. Group, “Decision trees for indication of cataract surgery based on changes in visual acuity,” Ophthalmology 117, 1471–1478 (2010).
[Crossref]

D. P. Piñero, D. Ortiz, and J. L. Alio, “Ocular scattering,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 87, E682–E696 (2010).
[Crossref]

P. Barrionuevo, E. Colombo, D. Corregidor, M. Jaen, and L. Issolio, “Evaluation of the intraocular scattering through brightness reduction by glare using external diffusers to simulate cataracts,” Opt. Appl. 40, 63–75 (2010).

2009 (2)

E. Colombo, L. Issolio, J. S. J. Santillan, and R. Aguirre, “What characteristics a clinical CSF system has to have?” Opt. Appl. 39, 415–428 (2009).

D. Gatinel, “Documenting the need for cataract surgery in eyes with good visual acuity,” Cataract Refract. Surg. Today Eur. 4(5), 68–71 (2009).

2007 (1)

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

2006 (3)

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32, 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref]

F. Díaz-Doutón, A. Benito, J. Pujol, M. Arjona, J. L. Güell, and P. Artal, “Comparison of the retinal image quality with a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor and a double-pass instrument,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 1710–1716 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Compensation comparison method for assessment of retinal straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 768–776 (2006).
[Crossref]

2005 (1)

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

A. P. Ginsburg, “Contrast sensitivity and functional vision,” Int. Ophthalmol. Clin. 43, 5–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. Owsley, “Contrast sensitivity,” Ophthalmol. Clin. North Am. 16, 171–177 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

P. Artal, E. Berrio, A. Guirao, and P. Piers, “Contribution of the cornea and internal surfaces to the change of ocular aberrations with age,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 19, 137–143 (2002).
[Crossref]

T. Kuroda, T. Fujikado, N. Maeda, T. Oshika, Y. Hirohara, and T. Mihashi, “Wavefront analysis in eyes with nuclear or cortical cataract,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 134, 1–9 (2002).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Optical aberrations of the human cornea as a function of age,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 17, 1697–1702 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (1)

A. Glasser and M. C. Campbell, “Biometric, optical and physical changes in the isolated human crystalline lens with age in relation to presbyopia,” Vis. Res. 39, 1991–2015 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

D. B. Elliott and P. Situ, “Visual acuity versus letter contrast sensitivity in early cataract,” Vis. Res. 38, 2047–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

C. L. Goldzweig, B. S. Mittman, G. M. Carter, T. Donyo, R. H. Brook, P. Lee, and C. M. Mangione, “Variations in cataract extraction rates in Medicare prepaid and fee-for-service settings,” J. Am. Med. Assoc. 277, 1765–1768 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (4)

J. K. Tobacman, P. Lee, B. Zimmerman, H. Kolder, L. Hilborne, and R. Brook, “Assessment of appropriateness of cataract surgery at ten academic medical centers in 1990,” Ophthalmology 103, 207–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

T. J. van den Berg, “Depth-dependent forward light scattering by donor lenses,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 37, 1157–1166 (1996).

K. R. Alexander, G. A. Fishman, and D. J. Derlacki, “Intraocular light scatter in patients with retinitis pigmentosa,” Vis. Res. 36, 3703–3709 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. B. Elliott, M. A. Bullimore, A. E. Patla, and D. Whitaker, “Effect of a cataract simulation on clinical and real world vision,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 80, 799–804 (1996).
[Crossref]

1994 (1)

G. Maraini, F. Rosmini, P. Graziosi, M. C. Tomba, M. Bonacini, R. Cotichini, P. Pasquini, and R. D. Sperduto, “Influence of type and severity of pure forms of age-related cataract on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Italian American Cataract Study Group,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 35, 262–267 (1994).

1993 (3)

L. T. Chylack, J. K. Wolfe, D. M. Singer, M. C. Leske, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, J. Friend, D. McCarthy, and S. Y. Wu, “The lens opacities classification system III. The longitudinal study of cataract study group,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 111, 831–836 (1993).
[Crossref]

D. B. Elliott and M. A. Bullimore, “Assessing the reliability, discriminative ability, and validity of disability glare tests,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 34, 108–119 (1993).

P. D. Spear, “Neural bases of visual deficits during aging,” Vis. Res. 33, 2589–2609 (1993).
[Crossref]

1992 (1)

P. W. De Waard, J. K. IJspeert, T. J. Van Den Berg, and P. T. De Jong, “Intraocular light scattering in age-related cataracts,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 33, 618–625 (1992).

1988 (1)

G. S. Rubin, “Reliability and sensitivity of clinical contrast sensitivity tests,” Clin Vis. Sci. 2, 169–177 (1988).

1987 (1)

J. Marshall, “The ageing retina: physiology or pathology,” Eye 1, 282–295 (1987).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

T. J. T. P. Van Den Berg, “Importance of pathological intraocular light scatter for visual disability,” Doc. Ophthalmol. 61, 327–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

1983 (1)

A. B. Watson and D. G. Pelli, “Quest: a Bayesian adaptive psychometric method,” Percept. Psychophys. 33, 113–120 (1983).
[Crossref]

1978 (1)

R. Hess and G. Woo, “Vision through cataracts,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 17, 428–435 (1978).

1973 (1)

J. L. Zuckerman, D. Miller, W. Dyes, and M. Keller, “Degradation of vision through a simulated cataract,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 12, 213–224 (1973).

1967 (1)

1927 (1)

Aguirre, R.

E. Colombo, L. Issolio, J. S. J. Santillan, and R. Aguirre, “What characteristics a clinical CSF system has to have?” Opt. Appl. 39, 415–428 (2009).

Alberdi, T.

J. M. Quintana, I. Arostegui, T. Alberdi, A. Escobar, E. Perea, G. Navarro, B. Elizalde, E. Andradas, and I.-C. Group, “Decision trees for indication of cataract surgery based on changes in visual acuity,” Ophthalmology 117, 1471–1478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Alexander, K. R.

K. R. Alexander, G. A. Fishman, and D. J. Derlacki, “Intraocular light scatter in patients with retinitis pigmentosa,” Vis. Res. 36, 3703–3709 (1996).
[Crossref]

Alio, J. L.

D. P. Piñero, D. Ortiz, and J. L. Alio, “Ocular scattering,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 87, E682–E696 (2010).
[Crossref]

Andradas, E.

J. M. Quintana, I. Arostegui, T. Alberdi, A. Escobar, E. Perea, G. Navarro, B. Elizalde, E. Andradas, and I.-C. Group, “Decision trees for indication of cataract surgery based on changes in visual acuity,” Ophthalmology 117, 1471–1478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Arjona, M.

F. Díaz-Doutón, A. Benito, J. Pujol, M. Arjona, J. L. Güell, and P. Artal, “Comparison of the retinal image quality with a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor and a double-pass instrument,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 1710–1716 (2006).
[Crossref]

Arostegui, I.

J. M. Quintana, I. Arostegui, T. Alberdi, A. Escobar, E. Perea, G. Navarro, B. Elizalde, E. Andradas, and I.-C. Group, “Decision trees for indication of cataract surgery based on changes in visual acuity,” Ophthalmology 117, 1471–1478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Artal, P.

F. Díaz-Doutón, A. Benito, J. Pujol, M. Arjona, J. L. Güell, and P. Artal, “Comparison of the retinal image quality with a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor and a double-pass instrument,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 1710–1716 (2006).
[Crossref]

P. Artal, E. Berrio, A. Guirao, and P. Piers, “Contribution of the cornea and internal surfaces to the change of ocular aberrations with age,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 19, 137–143 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Optical aberrations of the human cornea as a function of age,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 17, 1697–1702 (2000).
[Crossref]

Azimi, A.

J. H. Shandiz, A. Derakhshan, A. Daneshyar, A. Azimi, H. O. Moghaddam, A. A. Yekta, S. H. H. Yazdi, and H. Esmaily, “Effect of cataract type and severity on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity,” J. Ophthalmic Vis. Res. 6, 26–31 (2011).

Bailey, I. L.

L. T. Chylack, J. K. Wolfe, D. M. Singer, M. C. Leske, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, J. Friend, D. McCarthy, and S. Y. Wu, “The lens opacities classification system III. The longitudinal study of cataract study group,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 111, 831–836 (1993).
[Crossref]

Barbur, J. L.

E. J. Patterson, G. Bargary, and J. L. Barbur, “Understanding disability glare: light scatter and retinal illuminance as predictors of sensitivity to contrast,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 576–585 (2015).
[Crossref]

Bargary, G.

E. J. Patterson, G. Bargary, and J. L. Barbur, “Understanding disability glare: light scatter and retinal illuminance as predictors of sensitivity to contrast,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 576–585 (2015).
[Crossref]

Barraquer, R. I.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

Barrionuevo, P.

P. Barrionuevo, E. Colombo, D. Corregidor, M. Jaen, and L. Issolio, “Evaluation of the intraocular scattering through brightness reduction by glare using external diffusers to simulate cataracts,” Opt. Appl. 40, 63–75 (2010).

Benito, A.

F. Díaz-Doutón, A. Benito, J. Pujol, M. Arjona, J. L. Güell, and P. Artal, “Comparison of the retinal image quality with a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor and a double-pass instrument,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 1710–1716 (2006).
[Crossref]

Berrio, E.

P. Artal, E. Berrio, A. Guirao, and P. Piers, “Contribution of the cornea and internal surfaces to the change of ocular aberrations with age,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 19, 137–143 (2002).
[Crossref]

Bonacini, M.

G. Maraini, F. Rosmini, P. Graziosi, M. C. Tomba, M. Bonacini, R. Cotichini, P. Pasquini, and R. D. Sperduto, “Influence of type and severity of pure forms of age-related cataract on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Italian American Cataract Study Group,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 35, 262–267 (1994).

Bouman, M. A.

Brook, R.

J. K. Tobacman, P. Lee, B. Zimmerman, H. Kolder, L. Hilborne, and R. Brook, “Assessment of appropriateness of cataract surgery at ten academic medical centers in 1990,” Ophthalmology 103, 207–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Brook, R. H.

C. L. Goldzweig, B. S. Mittman, G. M. Carter, T. Donyo, R. H. Brook, P. Lee, and C. M. Mangione, “Variations in cataract extraction rates in Medicare prepaid and fee-for-service settings,” J. Am. Med. Assoc. 277, 1765–1768 (1997).
[Crossref]

Bullimore, M. A.

D. B. Elliott, M. A. Bullimore, A. E. Patla, and D. Whitaker, “Effect of a cataract simulation on clinical and real world vision,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 80, 799–804 (1996).
[Crossref]

L. T. Chylack, J. K. Wolfe, D. M. Singer, M. C. Leske, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, J. Friend, D. McCarthy, and S. Y. Wu, “The lens opacities classification system III. The longitudinal study of cataract study group,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 111, 831–836 (1993).
[Crossref]

D. B. Elliott and M. A. Bullimore, “Assessing the reliability, discriminative ability, and validity of disability glare tests,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 34, 108–119 (1993).

Campbell, M. C.

A. Glasser and M. C. Campbell, “Biometric, optical and physical changes in the isolated human crystalline lens with age in relation to presbyopia,” Vis. Res. 39, 1991–2015 (1999).
[Crossref]

Carter, G. M.

C. L. Goldzweig, B. S. Mittman, G. M. Carter, T. Donyo, R. H. Brook, P. Lee, and C. M. Mangione, “Variations in cataract extraction rates in Medicare prepaid and fee-for-service settings,” J. Am. Med. Assoc. 277, 1765–1768 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chylack, L. T.

L. T. Chylack, J. K. Wolfe, D. M. Singer, M. C. Leske, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, J. Friend, D. McCarthy, and S. Y. Wu, “The lens opacities classification system III. The longitudinal study of cataract study group,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 111, 831–836 (1993).
[Crossref]

Coeckelbergh, T.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

Colombo, E.

P. Barrionuevo, E. Colombo, D. Corregidor, M. Jaen, and L. Issolio, “Evaluation of the intraocular scattering through brightness reduction by glare using external diffusers to simulate cataracts,” Opt. Appl. 40, 63–75 (2010).

E. Colombo, L. Issolio, J. S. J. Santillan, and R. Aguirre, “What characteristics a clinical CSF system has to have?” Opt. Appl. 39, 415–428 (2009).

Coppens, J. E.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32, 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Compensation comparison method for assessment of retinal straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 768–776 (2006).
[Crossref]

Corregidor, D.

P. Barrionuevo, E. Colombo, D. Corregidor, M. Jaen, and L. Issolio, “Evaluation of the intraocular scattering through brightness reduction by glare using external diffusers to simulate cataracts,” Opt. Appl. 40, 63–75 (2010).

Cotichini, R.

G. Maraini, F. Rosmini, P. Graziosi, M. C. Tomba, M. Bonacini, R. Cotichini, P. Pasquini, and R. D. Sperduto, “Influence of type and severity of pure forms of age-related cataract on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Italian American Cataract Study Group,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 35, 262–267 (1994).

Daneshyar, A.

J. H. Shandiz, A. Derakhshan, A. Daneshyar, A. Azimi, H. O. Moghaddam, A. A. Yekta, S. H. H. Yazdi, and H. Esmaily, “Effect of cataract type and severity on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity,” J. Ophthalmic Vis. Res. 6, 26–31 (2011).

De Jong, P. T.

P. W. De Waard, J. K. IJspeert, T. J. Van Den Berg, and P. T. De Jong, “Intraocular light scattering in age-related cataracts,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 33, 618–625 (1992).

De Waard, P. W.

P. W. De Waard, J. K. IJspeert, T. J. Van Den Berg, and P. T. De Jong, “Intraocular light scattering in age-related cataracts,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 33, 618–625 (1992).

de Wit, G.

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

de Wit, G. C.

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32, 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref]

Derakhshan, A.

J. H. Shandiz, A. Derakhshan, A. Daneshyar, A. Azimi, H. O. Moghaddam, A. A. Yekta, S. H. H. Yazdi, and H. Esmaily, “Effect of cataract type and severity on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity,” J. Ophthalmic Vis. Res. 6, 26–31 (2011).

Derlacki, D. J.

K. R. Alexander, G. A. Fishman, and D. J. Derlacki, “Intraocular light scatter in patients with retinitis pigmentosa,” Vis. Res. 36, 3703–3709 (1996).
[Crossref]

Díaz-Doutón, F.

F. Díaz-Doutón, A. Benito, J. Pujol, M. Arjona, J. L. Güell, and P. Artal, “Comparison of the retinal image quality with a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor and a double-pass instrument,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 1710–1716 (2006).
[Crossref]

Donyo, T.

C. L. Goldzweig, B. S. Mittman, G. M. Carter, T. Donyo, R. H. Brook, P. Lee, and C. M. Mangione, “Variations in cataract extraction rates in Medicare prepaid and fee-for-service settings,” J. Am. Med. Assoc. 277, 1765–1768 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dyes, W.

J. L. Zuckerman, D. Miller, W. Dyes, and M. Keller, “Degradation of vision through a simulated cataract,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 12, 213–224 (1973).

Elizalde, B.

J. M. Quintana, I. Arostegui, T. Alberdi, A. Escobar, E. Perea, G. Navarro, B. Elizalde, E. Andradas, and I.-C. Group, “Decision trees for indication of cataract surgery based on changes in visual acuity,” Ophthalmology 117, 1471–1478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Elliott, D. B.

D. B. Elliott and P. Situ, “Visual acuity versus letter contrast sensitivity in early cataract,” Vis. Res. 38, 2047–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. B. Elliott, M. A. Bullimore, A. E. Patla, and D. Whitaker, “Effect of a cataract simulation on clinical and real world vision,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 80, 799–804 (1996).
[Crossref]

D. B. Elliott and M. A. Bullimore, “Assessing the reliability, discriminative ability, and validity of disability glare tests,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 34, 108–119 (1993).

Emesz, M.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

Escobar, A.

J. M. Quintana, I. Arostegui, T. Alberdi, A. Escobar, E. Perea, G. Navarro, B. Elizalde, E. Andradas, and I.-C. Group, “Decision trees for indication of cataract surgery based on changes in visual acuity,” Ophthalmology 117, 1471–1478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Esmaily, H.

J. H. Shandiz, A. Derakhshan, A. Daneshyar, A. Azimi, H. O. Moghaddam, A. A. Yekta, S. H. H. Yazdi, and H. Esmaily, “Effect of cataract type and severity on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity,” J. Ophthalmic Vis. Res. 6, 26–31 (2011).

Fishman, G. A.

K. R. Alexander, G. A. Fishman, and D. J. Derlacki, “Intraocular light scatter in patients with retinitis pigmentosa,” Vis. Res. 36, 3703–3709 (1996).
[Crossref]

Franssen, L.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32, 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Compensation comparison method for assessment of retinal straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 768–776 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

Friend, J.

L. T. Chylack, J. K. Wolfe, D. M. Singer, M. C. Leske, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, J. Friend, D. McCarthy, and S. Y. Wu, “The lens opacities classification system III. The longitudinal study of cataract study group,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 111, 831–836 (1993).
[Crossref]

Fujikado, T.

T. Kuroda, T. Fujikado, N. Maeda, T. Oshika, Y. Hirohara, and T. Mihashi, “Wavefront analysis in eyes with nuclear or cortical cataract,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 134, 1–9 (2002).
[Crossref]

Gallardo, J. M.

M. J. García-Martín, R. Giménez-Gómez, R. García-Catalán, M. A. Herrador, and J. M. Gallardo, “Variabilidad clínica en la cirugía de la catarata,” Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol. 90, 220–232 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gamer, D.

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

García-Catalán, R.

M. J. García-Martín, R. Giménez-Gómez, R. García-Catalán, M. A. Herrador, and J. M. Gallardo, “Variabilidad clínica en la cirugía de la catarata,” Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol. 90, 220–232 (2015).
[Crossref]

García-Martín, M. J.

M. J. García-Martín, R. Giménez-Gómez, R. García-Catalán, M. A. Herrador, and J. M. Gallardo, “Variabilidad clínica en la cirugía de la catarata,” Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol. 90, 220–232 (2015).
[Crossref]

Gatinel, D.

D. Gatinel, “Documenting the need for cataract surgery in eyes with good visual acuity,” Cataract Refract. Surg. Today Eur. 4(5), 68–71 (2009).

Giménez-Gómez, R.

M. J. García-Martín, R. Giménez-Gómez, R. García-Catalán, M. A. Herrador, and J. M. Gallardo, “Variabilidad clínica en la cirugía de la catarata,” Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol. 90, 220–232 (2015).
[Crossref]

Ginsburg, A. P.

A. P. Ginsburg, “Contrast sensitivity and functional vision,” Int. Ophthalmol. Clin. 43, 5–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

Gjertsen, J.

I. J. E. van der Meulen, J. Gjertsen, B. Kruijt, J. P. Witmer, A. Rulo, R. O. Schlingemann, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Straylight measurements as an indication for cataract surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38, 840–848 (2012).
[Crossref]

Glasser, A.

A. Glasser and M. C. Campbell, “Biometric, optical and physical changes in the isolated human crystalline lens with age in relation to presbyopia,” Vis. Res. 39, 1991–2015 (1999).
[Crossref]

Goldzweig, C. L.

C. L. Goldzweig, B. S. Mittman, G. M. Carter, T. Donyo, R. H. Brook, P. Lee, and C. M. Mangione, “Variations in cataract extraction rates in Medicare prepaid and fee-for-service settings,” J. Am. Med. Assoc. 277, 1765–1768 (1997).
[Crossref]

Grabner, G.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

Graziosi, P.

G. Maraini, F. Rosmini, P. Graziosi, M. C. Tomba, M. Bonacini, R. Cotichini, P. Pasquini, and R. D. Sperduto, “Influence of type and severity of pure forms of age-related cataract on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Italian American Cataract Study Group,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 35, 262–267 (1994).

Group, I.-C.

J. M. Quintana, I. Arostegui, T. Alberdi, A. Escobar, E. Perea, G. Navarro, B. Elizalde, E. Andradas, and I.-C. Group, “Decision trees for indication of cataract surgery based on changes in visual acuity,” Ophthalmology 117, 1471–1478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Güell, J. L.

F. Díaz-Doutón, A. Benito, J. Pujol, M. Arjona, J. L. Güell, and P. Artal, “Comparison of the retinal image quality with a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor and a double-pass instrument,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 1710–1716 (2006).
[Crossref]

Guirao, A.

P. Artal, E. Berrio, A. Guirao, and P. Piers, “Contribution of the cornea and internal surfaces to the change of ocular aberrations with age,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 19, 137–143 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Optical aberrations of the human cornea as a function of age,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 17, 1697–1702 (2000).
[Crossref]

Heine, C.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

Herrador, M. A.

M. J. García-Martín, R. Giménez-Gómez, R. García-Catalán, M. A. Herrador, and J. M. Gallardo, “Variabilidad clínica en la cirugía de la catarata,” Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol. 90, 220–232 (2015).
[Crossref]

Hess, R.

R. Hess and G. Woo, “Vision through cataracts,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 17, 428–435 (1978).

Hilborne, L.

J. K. Tobacman, P. Lee, B. Zimmerman, H. Kolder, L. Hilborne, and R. Brook, “Assessment of appropriateness of cataract surgery at ten academic medical centers in 1990,” Ophthalmology 103, 207–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Hirohara, Y.

T. Kuroda, T. Fujikado, N. Maeda, T. Oshika, Y. Hirohara, and T. Mihashi, “Wavefront analysis in eyes with nuclear or cortical cataract,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 134, 1–9 (2002).
[Crossref]

Holladay, L. L.

IJspeert, J. K.

P. W. De Waard, J. K. IJspeert, T. J. Van Den Berg, and P. T. De Jong, “Intraocular light scattering in age-related cataracts,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 33, 618–625 (1992).

Issolio, L.

P. Barrionuevo, E. Colombo, D. Corregidor, M. Jaen, and L. Issolio, “Evaluation of the intraocular scattering through brightness reduction by glare using external diffusers to simulate cataracts,” Opt. Appl. 40, 63–75 (2010).

E. Colombo, L. Issolio, J. S. J. Santillan, and R. Aguirre, “What characteristics a clinical CSF system has to have?” Opt. Appl. 39, 415–428 (2009).

Jaen, M.

P. Barrionuevo, E. Colombo, D. Corregidor, M. Jaen, and L. Issolio, “Evaluation of the intraocular scattering through brightness reduction by glare using external diffusers to simulate cataracts,” Opt. Appl. 40, 63–75 (2010).

Jinabhai, A.

A. Jinabhai, C. O’Donnell, H. Radhakrishnan, and V. Nourrit, “Forward light scatter and contrast sensitivity in keratoconic patients,” Contact Lens Anterior Eye 35, 22–27 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kaper, R.

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

Keller, M.

J. L. Zuckerman, D. Miller, W. Dyes, and M. Keller, “Degradation of vision through a simulated cataract,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 12, 213–224 (1973).

Kolder, H.

J. K. Tobacman, P. Lee, B. Zimmerman, H. Kolder, L. Hilborne, and R. Brook, “Assessment of appropriateness of cataract surgery at ten academic medical centers in 1990,” Ophthalmology 103, 207–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Kruijt, B.

I. J. E. van der Meulen, J. Gjertsen, B. Kruijt, J. P. Witmer, A. Rulo, R. O. Schlingemann, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Straylight measurements as an indication for cataract surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38, 840–848 (2012).
[Crossref]

Kuroda, T.

T. Kuroda, T. Fujikado, N. Maeda, T. Oshika, Y. Hirohara, and T. Mihashi, “Wavefront analysis in eyes with nuclear or cortical cataract,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 134, 1–9 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lee, P.

C. L. Goldzweig, B. S. Mittman, G. M. Carter, T. Donyo, R. H. Brook, P. Lee, and C. M. Mangione, “Variations in cataract extraction rates in Medicare prepaid and fee-for-service settings,” J. Am. Med. Assoc. 277, 1765–1768 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. K. Tobacman, P. Lee, B. Zimmerman, H. Kolder, L. Hilborne, and R. Brook, “Assessment of appropriateness of cataract surgery at ten academic medical centers in 1990,” Ophthalmology 103, 207–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Leske, M. C.

L. T. Chylack, J. K. Wolfe, D. M. Singer, M. C. Leske, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, J. Friend, D. McCarthy, and S. Y. Wu, “The lens opacities classification system III. The longitudinal study of cataract study group,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 111, 831–836 (1993).
[Crossref]

Maeda, N.

T. Kuroda, T. Fujikado, N. Maeda, T. Oshika, Y. Hirohara, and T. Mihashi, “Wavefront analysis in eyes with nuclear or cortical cataract,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 134, 1–9 (2002).
[Crossref]

Mangione, C. M.

C. L. Goldzweig, B. S. Mittman, G. M. Carter, T. Donyo, R. H. Brook, P. Lee, and C. M. Mangione, “Variations in cataract extraction rates in Medicare prepaid and fee-for-service settings,” J. Am. Med. Assoc. 277, 1765–1768 (1997).
[Crossref]

Maraini, G.

G. Maraini, F. Rosmini, P. Graziosi, M. C. Tomba, M. Bonacini, R. Cotichini, P. Pasquini, and R. D. Sperduto, “Influence of type and severity of pure forms of age-related cataract on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Italian American Cataract Study Group,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 35, 262–267 (1994).

Marshall, J.

J. Marshall, “The ageing retina: physiology or pathology,” Eye 1, 282–295 (1987).
[Crossref]

McCarthy, D.

L. T. Chylack, J. K. Wolfe, D. M. Singer, M. C. Leske, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, J. Friend, D. McCarthy, and S. Y. Wu, “The lens opacities classification system III. The longitudinal study of cataract study group,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 111, 831–836 (1993).
[Crossref]

Michael, R.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

Mihashi, T.

T. Kuroda, T. Fujikado, N. Maeda, T. Oshika, Y. Hirohara, and T. Mihashi, “Wavefront analysis in eyes with nuclear or cortical cataract,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 134, 1–9 (2002).
[Crossref]

Miller, D.

J. L. Zuckerman, D. Miller, W. Dyes, and M. Keller, “Degradation of vision through a simulated cataract,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 12, 213–224 (1973).

Mittman, B. S.

C. L. Goldzweig, B. S. Mittman, G. M. Carter, T. Donyo, R. H. Brook, P. Lee, and C. M. Mangione, “Variations in cataract extraction rates in Medicare prepaid and fee-for-service settings,” J. Am. Med. Assoc. 277, 1765–1768 (1997).
[Crossref]

Moghaddam, H. O.

J. H. Shandiz, A. Derakhshan, A. Daneshyar, A. Azimi, H. O. Moghaddam, A. A. Yekta, S. H. H. Yazdi, and H. Esmaily, “Effect of cataract type and severity on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity,” J. Ophthalmic Vis. Res. 6, 26–31 (2011).

Navarro, G.

J. M. Quintana, I. Arostegui, T. Alberdi, A. Escobar, E. Perea, G. Navarro, B. Elizalde, E. Andradas, and I.-C. Group, “Decision trees for indication of cataract surgery based on changes in visual acuity,” Ophthalmology 117, 1471–1478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Nischler, C.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

Nourrit, V.

A. Jinabhai, C. O’Donnell, H. Radhakrishnan, and V. Nourrit, “Forward light scatter and contrast sensitivity in keratoconic patients,” Contact Lens Anterior Eye 35, 22–27 (2012).
[Crossref]

O’Donnell, C.

A. Jinabhai, C. O’Donnell, H. Radhakrishnan, and V. Nourrit, “Forward light scatter and contrast sensitivity in keratoconic patients,” Contact Lens Anterior Eye 35, 22–27 (2012).
[Crossref]

Ortiz, D.

D. P. Piñero, D. Ortiz, and J. L. Alio, “Ocular scattering,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 87, E682–E696 (2010).
[Crossref]

Oshika, T.

T. Kuroda, T. Fujikado, N. Maeda, T. Oshika, Y. Hirohara, and T. Mihashi, “Wavefront analysis in eyes with nuclear or cortical cataract,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 134, 1–9 (2002).
[Crossref]

Owsley, C.

C. Owsley, “Aging and vision,” Vis. Res. 51, 1610–1622 (2011).
[Crossref]

C. Owsley, “Contrast sensitivity,” Ophthalmol. Clin. North Am. 16, 171–177 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pasquini, P.

G. Maraini, F. Rosmini, P. Graziosi, M. C. Tomba, M. Bonacini, R. Cotichini, P. Pasquini, and R. D. Sperduto, “Influence of type and severity of pure forms of age-related cataract on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Italian American Cataract Study Group,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 35, 262–267 (1994).

Patla, A. E.

D. B. Elliott, M. A. Bullimore, A. E. Patla, and D. Whitaker, “Effect of a cataract simulation on clinical and real world vision,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 80, 799–804 (1996).
[Crossref]

Patterson, E. J.

E. J. Patterson, G. Bargary, and J. L. Barbur, “Understanding disability glare: light scatter and retinal illuminance as predictors of sensitivity to contrast,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 576–585 (2015).
[Crossref]

Pelli, D. G.

A. B. Watson and D. G. Pelli, “Quest: a Bayesian adaptive psychometric method,” Percept. Psychophys. 33, 113–120 (1983).
[Crossref]

Perea, E.

J. M. Quintana, I. Arostegui, T. Alberdi, A. Escobar, E. Perea, G. Navarro, B. Elizalde, E. Andradas, and I.-C. Group, “Decision trees for indication of cataract surgery based on changes in visual acuity,” Ophthalmology 117, 1471–1478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Piers, P.

P. Artal, E. Berrio, A. Guirao, and P. Piers, “Contribution of the cornea and internal surfaces to the change of ocular aberrations with age,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 19, 137–143 (2002).
[Crossref]

Piñero, D. P.

D. P. Piñero, D. Ortiz, and J. L. Alio, “Ocular scattering,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 87, E682–E696 (2010).
[Crossref]

Pujol, J.

F. Díaz-Doutón, A. Benito, J. Pujol, M. Arjona, J. L. Güell, and P. Artal, “Comparison of the retinal image quality with a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor and a double-pass instrument,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 1710–1716 (2006).
[Crossref]

Quintana, J. M.

J. M. Quintana, I. Arostegui, T. Alberdi, A. Escobar, E. Perea, G. Navarro, B. Elizalde, E. Andradas, and I.-C. Group, “Decision trees for indication of cataract surgery based on changes in visual acuity,” Ophthalmology 117, 1471–1478 (2010).
[Crossref]

Radhakrishnan, H.

A. Jinabhai, C. O’Donnell, H. Radhakrishnan, and V. Nourrit, “Forward light scatter and contrast sensitivity in keratoconic patients,” Contact Lens Anterior Eye 35, 22–27 (2012).
[Crossref]

Redondo, M.

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Optical aberrations of the human cornea as a function of age,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 17, 1697–1702 (2000).
[Crossref]

Richman, J.

J. Richman, G. L. Spaeth, and B. Wirostko, “Contrast sensitivity basics and a critique of currently available tests,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 39, 1100–1106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Rosmini, F.

G. Maraini, F. Rosmini, P. Graziosi, M. C. Tomba, M. Bonacini, R. Cotichini, P. Pasquini, and R. D. Sperduto, “Influence of type and severity of pure forms of age-related cataract on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Italian American Cataract Study Group,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 35, 262–267 (1994).

Rubin, G. S.

G. S. Rubin, “Reliability and sensitivity of clinical contrast sensitivity tests,” Clin Vis. Sci. 2, 169–177 (1988).

Rulo, A.

I. J. E. van der Meulen, J. Gjertsen, B. Kruijt, J. P. Witmer, A. Rulo, R. O. Schlingemann, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Straylight measurements as an indication for cataract surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38, 840–848 (2012).
[Crossref]

Santillan, J. S. J.

E. Colombo, L. Issolio, J. S. J. Santillan, and R. Aguirre, “What characteristics a clinical CSF system has to have?” Opt. Appl. 39, 415–428 (2009).

Schlingemann, R. O.

I. J. E. van der Meulen, J. Gjertsen, B. Kruijt, J. P. Witmer, A. Rulo, R. O. Schlingemann, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Straylight measurements as an indication for cataract surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38, 840–848 (2012).
[Crossref]

Shandiz, J. H.

J. H. Shandiz, A. Derakhshan, A. Daneshyar, A. Azimi, H. O. Moghaddam, A. A. Yekta, S. H. H. Yazdi, and H. Esmaily, “Effect of cataract type and severity on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity,” J. Ophthalmic Vis. Res. 6, 26–31 (2011).

Singer, D. M.

L. T. Chylack, J. K. Wolfe, D. M. Singer, M. C. Leske, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, J. Friend, D. McCarthy, and S. Y. Wu, “The lens opacities classification system III. The longitudinal study of cataract study group,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 111, 831–836 (1993).
[Crossref]

Situ, P.

D. B. Elliott and P. Situ, “Visual acuity versus letter contrast sensitivity in early cataract,” Vis. Res. 38, 2047–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

Spaeth, G. L.

J. Richman, G. L. Spaeth, and B. Wirostko, “Contrast sensitivity basics and a critique of currently available tests,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 39, 1100–1106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Spear, P. D.

P. D. Spear, “Neural bases of visual deficits during aging,” Vis. Res. 33, 2589–2609 (1993).
[Crossref]

Sperduto, R. D.

G. Maraini, F. Rosmini, P. Graziosi, M. C. Tomba, M. Bonacini, R. Cotichini, P. Pasquini, and R. D. Sperduto, “Influence of type and severity of pure forms of age-related cataract on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Italian American Cataract Study Group,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 35, 262–267 (1994).

Tobacman, J. K.

J. K. Tobacman, P. Lee, B. Zimmerman, H. Kolder, L. Hilborne, and R. Brook, “Assessment of appropriateness of cataract surgery at ten academic medical centers in 1990,” Ophthalmology 103, 207–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Tomba, M. C.

G. Maraini, F. Rosmini, P. Graziosi, M. C. Tomba, M. Bonacini, R. Cotichini, P. Pasquini, and R. D. Sperduto, “Influence of type and severity of pure forms of age-related cataract on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Italian American Cataract Study Group,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 35, 262–267 (1994).

Van Den Berg, T.

J. J. Vos and T. Van Den Berg, “Report on disability glare,” (1999), pp. 1–9.

van den Berg, T. J.

T. J. van den Berg, “The (lack of) relation between straylight and visual acuity. Two domains of the point-spread-function,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 37, 333–341 (2017).
[Crossref]

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32, 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref]

T. J. van den Berg, “Depth-dependent forward light scattering by donor lenses,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 37, 1157–1166 (1996).

P. W. De Waard, J. K. IJspeert, T. J. Van Den Berg, and P. T. De Jong, “Intraocular light scattering in age-related cataracts,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 33, 618–625 (1992).

van den Berg, T. J. T. P.

I. J. E. van der Meulen, J. Gjertsen, B. Kruijt, J. P. Witmer, A. Rulo, R. O. Schlingemann, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Straylight measurements as an indication for cataract surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38, 840–848 (2012).
[Crossref]

L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Compensation comparison method for assessment of retinal straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 768–776 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. J. T. P. Van Den Berg, “Importance of pathological intraocular light scatter for visual disability,” Doc. Ophthalmol. 61, 327–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

van der Meulen, I. J. E.

I. J. E. van der Meulen, J. Gjertsen, B. Kruijt, J. P. Witmer, A. Rulo, R. O. Schlingemann, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Straylight measurements as an indication for cataract surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38, 840–848 (2012).
[Crossref]

Van Nes, F. L.

van Rijn, L. J.

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

Van Rijn, L. R.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

Völker-Dieben, H. J.

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

Vonhoff, D.

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

Vos, J. J.

J. J. Vos and T. Van Den Berg, “Report on disability glare,” (1999), pp. 1–9.

Watson, A. B.

A. B. Watson and D. G. Pelli, “Quest: a Bayesian adaptive psychometric method,” Percept. Psychophys. 33, 113–120 (1983).
[Crossref]

Whitaker, D.

D. B. Elliott, M. A. Bullimore, A. E. Patla, and D. Whitaker, “Effect of a cataract simulation on clinical and real world vision,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 80, 799–804 (1996).
[Crossref]

Wilhelm, H.

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

Wirostko, B.

J. Richman, G. L. Spaeth, and B. Wirostko, “Contrast sensitivity basics and a critique of currently available tests,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 39, 1100–1106 (2013).
[Crossref]

Witmer, J. P.

I. J. E. van der Meulen, J. Gjertsen, B. Kruijt, J. P. Witmer, A. Rulo, R. O. Schlingemann, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Straylight measurements as an indication for cataract surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38, 840–848 (2012).
[Crossref]

Wolfe, J. K.

L. T. Chylack, J. K. Wolfe, D. M. Singer, M. C. Leske, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, J. Friend, D. McCarthy, and S. Y. Wu, “The lens opacities classification system III. The longitudinal study of cataract study group,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 111, 831–836 (1993).
[Crossref]

Woo, G.

R. Hess and G. Woo, “Vision through cataracts,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 17, 428–435 (1978).

Wu, S. Y.

L. T. Chylack, J. K. Wolfe, D. M. Singer, M. C. Leske, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, J. Friend, D. McCarthy, and S. Y. Wu, “The lens opacities classification system III. The longitudinal study of cataract study group,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 111, 831–836 (1993).
[Crossref]

Yazdi, S. H. H.

J. H. Shandiz, A. Derakhshan, A. Daneshyar, A. Azimi, H. O. Moghaddam, A. A. Yekta, S. H. H. Yazdi, and H. Esmaily, “Effect of cataract type and severity on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity,” J. Ophthalmic Vis. Res. 6, 26–31 (2011).

Yekta, A. A.

J. H. Shandiz, A. Derakhshan, A. Daneshyar, A. Azimi, H. O. Moghaddam, A. A. Yekta, S. H. H. Yazdi, and H. Esmaily, “Effect of cataract type and severity on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity,” J. Ophthalmic Vis. Res. 6, 26–31 (2011).

Zimmerman, B.

J. K. Tobacman, P. Lee, B. Zimmerman, H. Kolder, L. Hilborne, and R. Brook, “Assessment of appropriateness of cataract surgery at ten academic medical centers in 1990,” Ophthalmology 103, 207–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Zuckerman, J. L.

J. L. Zuckerman, D. Miller, W. Dyes, and M. Keller, “Degradation of vision through a simulated cataract,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 12, 213–224 (1973).

Am. J. Ophthalmol. (2)

T. J. Van Den Berg, L. R. Van Rijn, R. Michael, C. Heine, T. Coeckelbergh, C. Nischler, H. Wilhelm, G. Grabner, M. Emesz, R. I. Barraquer, J. E. Coppens, and L. Franssen, “Straylight effects with aging and lens extraction,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 144, 358–363 (2007).
[Crossref]

T. Kuroda, T. Fujikado, N. Maeda, T. Oshika, Y. Hirohara, and T. Mihashi, “Wavefront analysis in eyes with nuclear or cortical cataract,” Am. J. Ophthalmol. 134, 1–9 (2002).
[Crossref]

Arch. Ophthalmol. (1)

L. T. Chylack, J. K. Wolfe, D. M. Singer, M. C. Leske, M. A. Bullimore, I. L. Bailey, J. Friend, D. McCarthy, and S. Y. Wu, “The lens opacities classification system III. The longitudinal study of cataract study group,” Arch. Ophthalmol. 111, 831–836 (1993).
[Crossref]

Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol. (1)

M. J. García-Martín, R. Giménez-Gómez, R. García-Catalán, M. A. Herrador, and J. M. Gallardo, “Variabilidad clínica en la cirugía de la catarata,” Arch. Soc. Esp. Oftalmol. 90, 220–232 (2015).
[Crossref]

Br. J. Ophthalmol. (2)

L. J. van Rijn, C. Nischler, D. Gamer, L. Franssen, G. de Wit, R. Kaper, D. Vonhoff, G. Grabner, H. Wilhelm, H. J. Völker-Dieben, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Measurement of stray light and glare: comparison of Nyktotest, Mesotest, stray light meter, and computer implemented stray light meter,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 89, 345–351 (2005).
[Crossref]

D. B. Elliott, M. A. Bullimore, A. E. Patla, and D. Whitaker, “Effect of a cataract simulation on clinical and real world vision,” Br. J. Ophthalmol. 80, 799–804 (1996).
[Crossref]

Cataract Refract. Surg. Today Eur. (1)

D. Gatinel, “Documenting the need for cataract surgery in eyes with good visual acuity,” Cataract Refract. Surg. Today Eur. 4(5), 68–71 (2009).

Clin Vis. Sci. (1)

G. S. Rubin, “Reliability and sensitivity of clinical contrast sensitivity tests,” Clin Vis. Sci. 2, 169–177 (1988).

Contact Lens Anterior Eye (1)

A. Jinabhai, C. O’Donnell, H. Radhakrishnan, and V. Nourrit, “Forward light scatter and contrast sensitivity in keratoconic patients,” Contact Lens Anterior Eye 35, 22–27 (2012).
[Crossref]

Doc. Ophthalmol. (1)

T. J. T. P. Van Den Berg, “Importance of pathological intraocular light scatter for visual disability,” Doc. Ophthalmol. 61, 327–333 (1986).
[Crossref]

Eye (1)

J. Marshall, “The ageing retina: physiology or pathology,” Eye 1, 282–295 (1987).
[Crossref]

Int. Ophthalmol. Clin. (1)

A. P. Ginsburg, “Contrast sensitivity and functional vision,” Int. Ophthalmol. Clin. 43, 5–15 (2003).
[Crossref]

Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. (8)

F. Díaz-Doutón, A. Benito, J. Pujol, M. Arjona, J. L. Güell, and P. Artal, “Comparison of the retinal image quality with a Hartmann-Shack wavefront sensor and a double-pass instrument,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 1710–1716 (2006).
[Crossref]

L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Compensation comparison method for assessment of retinal straylight,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 47, 768–776 (2006).
[Crossref]

G. Maraini, F. Rosmini, P. Graziosi, M. C. Tomba, M. Bonacini, R. Cotichini, P. Pasquini, and R. D. Sperduto, “Influence of type and severity of pure forms of age-related cataract on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity. Italian American Cataract Study Group,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 35, 262–267 (1994).

D. B. Elliott and M. A. Bullimore, “Assessing the reliability, discriminative ability, and validity of disability glare tests,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 34, 108–119 (1993).

T. J. van den Berg, “Depth-dependent forward light scattering by donor lenses,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 37, 1157–1166 (1996).

R. Hess and G. Woo, “Vision through cataracts,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 17, 428–435 (1978).

P. W. De Waard, J. K. IJspeert, T. J. Van Den Berg, and P. T. De Jong, “Intraocular light scattering in age-related cataracts,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 33, 618–625 (1992).

J. L. Zuckerman, D. Miller, W. Dyes, and M. Keller, “Degradation of vision through a simulated cataract,” Invest. Ophthalmol. Visual Sci. 12, 213–224 (1973).

J. Am. Med. Assoc. (1)

C. L. Goldzweig, B. S. Mittman, G. M. Carter, T. Donyo, R. H. Brook, P. Lee, and C. M. Mangione, “Variations in cataract extraction rates in Medicare prepaid and fee-for-service settings,” J. Am. Med. Assoc. 277, 1765–1768 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Cataract Refract. Surg. (3)

J. Richman, G. L. Spaeth, and B. Wirostko, “Contrast sensitivity basics and a critique of currently available tests,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 39, 1100–1106 (2013).
[Crossref]

I. J. E. van der Meulen, J. Gjertsen, B. Kruijt, J. P. Witmer, A. Rulo, R. O. Schlingemann, and T. J. T. P. van den Berg, “Straylight measurements as an indication for cataract surgery,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 38, 840–848 (2012).
[Crossref]

G. C. de Wit, L. Franssen, J. E. Coppens, and T. J. van den Berg, “Simulating the straylight effects of cataracts,” J. Cataract Refract. Surg. 32, 294–300 (2006).
[Crossref]

J. Ophthalmic Vis. Res. (1)

J. H. Shandiz, A. Derakhshan, A. Daneshyar, A. Azimi, H. O. Moghaddam, A. A. Yekta, S. H. H. Yazdi, and H. Esmaily, “Effect of cataract type and severity on visual acuity and contrast sensitivity,” J. Ophthalmic Vis. Res. 6, 26–31 (2011).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (5)

L. L. Holladay, “Action of a light-source in the field of view in lowering visibility,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 14, 1–15 (1927).
[Crossref]

E. J. Patterson, G. Bargary, and J. L. Barbur, “Understanding disability glare: light scatter and retinal illuminance as predictors of sensitivity to contrast,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 32, 576–585 (2015).
[Crossref]

F. L. Van Nes and M. A. Bouman, “Spatial modulation transfer in the human eye,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 57, 401–406 (1967).
[Crossref]

A. Guirao, M. Redondo, and P. Artal, “Optical aberrations of the human cornea as a function of age,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 17, 1697–1702 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Artal, E. Berrio, A. Guirao, and P. Piers, “Contribution of the cornea and internal surfaces to the change of ocular aberrations with age,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 19, 137–143 (2002).
[Crossref]

Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. (1)

T. J. van den Berg, “The (lack of) relation between straylight and visual acuity. Two domains of the point-spread-function,” Ophthalmic Physiol. Opt. 37, 333–341 (2017).
[Crossref]

Ophthalmol. Clin. North Am. (1)

C. Owsley, “Contrast sensitivity,” Ophthalmol. Clin. North Am. 16, 171–177 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ophthalmology (2)

J. M. Quintana, I. Arostegui, T. Alberdi, A. Escobar, E. Perea, G. Navarro, B. Elizalde, E. Andradas, and I.-C. Group, “Decision trees for indication of cataract surgery based on changes in visual acuity,” Ophthalmology 117, 1471–1478 (2010).
[Crossref]

J. K. Tobacman, P. Lee, B. Zimmerman, H. Kolder, L. Hilborne, and R. Brook, “Assessment of appropriateness of cataract surgery at ten academic medical centers in 1990,” Ophthalmology 103, 207–215 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Appl. (2)

P. Barrionuevo, E. Colombo, D. Corregidor, M. Jaen, and L. Issolio, “Evaluation of the intraocular scattering through brightness reduction by glare using external diffusers to simulate cataracts,” Opt. Appl. 40, 63–75 (2010).

E. Colombo, L. Issolio, J. S. J. Santillan, and R. Aguirre, “What characteristics a clinical CSF system has to have?” Opt. Appl. 39, 415–428 (2009).

Optom. Vis. Sci. (1)

D. P. Piñero, D. Ortiz, and J. L. Alio, “Ocular scattering,” Optom. Vis. Sci. 87, E682–E696 (2010).
[Crossref]

Percept. Psychophys. (1)

A. B. Watson and D. G. Pelli, “Quest: a Bayesian adaptive psychometric method,” Percept. Psychophys. 33, 113–120 (1983).
[Crossref]

Vis. Res. (5)

P. D. Spear, “Neural bases of visual deficits during aging,” Vis. Res. 33, 2589–2609 (1993).
[Crossref]

K. R. Alexander, G. A. Fishman, and D. J. Derlacki, “Intraocular light scatter in patients with retinitis pigmentosa,” Vis. Res. 36, 3703–3709 (1996).
[Crossref]

C. Owsley, “Aging and vision,” Vis. Res. 51, 1610–1622 (2011).
[Crossref]

D. B. Elliott and P. Situ, “Visual acuity versus letter contrast sensitivity in early cataract,” Vis. Res. 38, 2047–2052 (1998).
[Crossref]

A. Glasser and M. C. Campbell, “Biometric, optical and physical changes in the isolated human crystalline lens with age in relation to presbyopia,” Vis. Res. 39, 1991–2015 (1999).
[Crossref]

Other (1)

J. J. Vos and T. Van Den Berg, “Report on disability glare,” (1999), pp. 1–9.

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Figures (2)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1. CSF for six diffuser conditions: “no-filter,” BPM1, BPM2, Lee258, f3020, and “f3020 + Lee258” measured at five spatial frequencies. Every CSF is the average of three individual CSFs corresponding to three observers, and error bars correspond to one standard deviation. The area shaded in gray corresponds to CS below normality according to CSF curves provided by the instrument FVC-100.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 2. Contrast sensitivity (log(CS)) versus straylight parameter (log(SL)) at five spatial frequencies (top to bottom: 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 c.p.d.). Black filled circles correspond to RG data, and gray filled squares and crosses correspond to CatG data with Snellen VA 0.7 and < 0.7 , respectively. Linear models fitted to RG and CatG data are represented by black lines and gray lines, respectively. Horizontal dashed lines represent the inferior normality limit for CS according to values provided by the instrument FVC-100.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Straylight Parameter at 10° and Percentage of Transmittance of the Diffuser Filters Used in this Work b

Tables Icon

Table 2. Average and Standard Deviations of Straylight Parameter (log(SL)), Best Corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA), and Contrast Sensitivity (log(CS)) for Each Diffuser Condition of the RG and for the CatG and for Subsets of CatG

Tables Icon

Table 3. Correlations between Contrast Sensitivity (log(CS)) and Straylight Parameter (log(SL)) at All Five Spatial Frequencies are Shown for RG, CatG, and the Subgroup of CatG with VA 0.7 a

Tables Icon

Table 4. LSD Fisher Comparisons between Different Scattering Conditions for Variables: Best Corrected Visual Acuity, log(SL), and log(CS) in the Complete Spatial Frequency Range a

Tables Icon

Table 5. Correlations between Contrast Sensitivity (log(CS)) and Straylight Parameter (log(SL)) at All Five Spatial Frequencies are Shown for Every Observer a

Metrics