In order to work in a consistent way with Zernike aberration coefficients estimated in different pupils, it is necessary to refer them to a common pupil size. Two standard approaches can be used to that end: to rescale algebraically the coefficients estimated in the original pupil or to refit them anew using the wavefront slope measurements available within the new one. These procedures are not equivalent; they are affected by different estimation errors that we address in this work. Our results for normal eye populations show that in case of reducing the pupil size it is better to rescale the original coefficients than to refit them using the measurements contained within the smaller pupil. In case of enlarging the pupil size, as it can a priori be expected, the opposite holds true. We provide explicit expressions to quantify the errors arising in both cases, including the expected error incurred when extrapolating the Zernike estimation beyond the radius where the measurements were made.
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