We extend the differential theory to anisotropic cylindrical structures with an arbitrary cross section. Two cases have to be distinguished. When the anisotropic cylinders do not contain the origin, the scattering matrix of the device is calculated from the extended differential theory with the help of the scattering matrix propagation algorithm. The fields outside the cylinders are described by Fourier–Bessel expansions. When the origin is located in one cylinder, the fields inside the cylinder are expressed from a semi-analytical theory related to a homogeneous anisotropic medium. In this second case, the formalism of the scattering matrix propagation algorithm is not exactly the same and requires suitable change. The numerical results are in good agreement with the ones obtained for the diffraction by one circular cylinder. The theory is then applied on the diffraction by an elliptical cylinder.
© 2013 Optical Society of America
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