The discrete orthogonal moments are powerful descriptors for image analysis and pattern recognition. However, the computation of these moments is a time consuming procedure. To solve this problem, a new approach that permits the fast computation of Hahn’s discrete orthogonal moments is presented in this paper. The proposed method is based, on the one hand, on the computation of Hahn’s discrete orthogonal polynomials using the recurrence relation with respect to the variable instead of the order and the symmetry property of Hahn’s polynomials and, on the other hand, on the application of an innovative image representation where the image is described by a number of homogenous rectangular blocks instead of individual pixels. The paper also proposes a new set of Hahn’s invariant moments under the translation, the scaling, and the rotation of the image. This set of invariant moments is computed as a linear combination of invariant geometric moments from a finite number of image intensity slices. Several experiments are performed to validate the effectiveness of our descriptors in terms of the acceleration of time computation, the reconstruction of the image, the invariability, and the classification. The performance of Hahn’s moment invariants used as pattern features for a pattern classification application is compared with Hu [IRE Trans. Inform. Theory 8, 179 (1962)] and Krawchouk [IEEE Trans. Image Process. 12, 1367 (2003)] moment invariants.
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